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Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 27.09.2017
Gravitational waves : first joint LIGO-Virgo detection
Gravitational waves : first joint LIGO-Virgo detection
Scientists in the LIGO and Virgo collaborations have achieved the first ever three-detector observation of the gravitational waves emitted by the merger of two black holes.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 27.09.2017
The volatile processes that shaped Earth
Based on observations of newly-forming stars, scientists know that the solar system began as a disc of dust and gas surrounding the centrally-growing sun. The gas condensed to solids which accumulated into larger rocky bodies like asteroids and mini-planets. Over a period of 100 million years these mini-planets collided with one another and gradually accumulated into the planets we see today, including the Earth.

Astronomy / Space Science - 27.09.2017
Searching for distant worlds with a flying telescope
Searching for distant worlds with a flying telescope
Media releases, information for representatives of the media Media Relations (E) Researchers from the University of Bern, using an observatory on board a jumbo jet, have observed how the extrasolar Planet GJ 1214b is passing in front of its star, causing a kind of mini-eclipse. The first measurements of this kind with the observatory called SOFIA (short for Stratospheric Observatory for Infra-red Astronomy) prove that the flying observatory is well-suited to the observation of exoplanets.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 25.09.2017
IceCube helps demystify strange radio bursts from deep space
IceCube is a neutrino detector composed of 5,160 optical modules embedded in a gigaton of crystal-clear ice a mile beneath the geographic South Pole. Photo courtesy of National Science Foundation For a decade, astronomers have puzzled over ephemeral but incredibly powerful radio bursts from space. The phenomena, known as fast radio bursts or FRBs, were first detected in 2007 by astronomers scouring archival data from Australia's Parkes Telescope, a 64-meter diameter dish best known for its role receiving live televison images from the Apollo 11 moon landing in 1969.

Astronomy / Space Science - 25.09.2017
MATISSE to shed light on the formation of Earth and planets
The MATISSE instrument is ready to be sent to Chile, where in the next few weeks it will be installed on the Very Large Telescope (VLT), the world's most powerful astronomical observatory.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 22.09.2017
Highest-energy cosmic rays have extragalactic origin
Highest-energy cosmic rays have extragalactic origin
A 50-year-old debate has at last been settled: the highest-energy cosmic rays do not originate in our own Galaxy but in galaxies located tens or even hundreds of millions of light years away.

Astronomy / Space Science - 21.09.2017
Vitamin super-cocktail to combat 60 days of lying in bed
Vitamin super-cocktail to combat 60 days of lying in bed
This week will see the second ESA bedrest study investigating a mix of antioxidants and vitamins that could help astronauts to combat the side effects of living in space. Ten volunteers will lie in beds with the head end tilted down 6º for 60 days, keeping at least one shoulder on their bed at all times.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 21.09.2017
Finds GPs are unwilling to refer patients for bowel cancer checks
Physicists have described how observations of gravitational waves limit the possible explanations for the formation of black holes outside of our galaxy; either they are spinning more slowly than black holes in our own galaxy or they spin rapidly but are 'tumbled around' with spins randomly oriented to their orbit.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 21.09.2017
Pew! Pew! Curiosity's ChemCam zaps a half million Martian rocks
Pew! Pew! Curiosity’s ChemCam zaps a half million Martian rocks
ChemCam instrument aboard Mars Curiosity rover passes milestone "The data that has been delivered by ChemCam from Gale Crater has really changed our understanding of Mars," said Roger Wiens, principal investigator of the ChemCam project at Los Alamos. "It's told us things about the planet's geologic history that we never imagined possible." LOS ALAMOS, N.M. September 21, 2017-Late Tuesday, the ChemCam instrument that sits atop NASA's Mars Curiosity rover fired its 500,000 th shot at a Martian rock.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 21.09.2017
Fast Radio Bursts May Be Firing Off Every Second
Fast Radio Bursts May Be Firing Off Every Second
When fast radio bursts, or FRBs, were first detected in 2001, astronomers had never seen anything like them before. Since then, astronomers have found a couple of dozen FRBs, but they still don't know what causes these rapid and powerful bursts of radio emission. For the first time, two astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) have estimated how many FRBs should occur over the entire observable universe.

Astronomy / Space Science - 19.09.2017
Size matters in the detection of exoplanet atmospheres
Size matters in the detection of exoplanet atmospheres
A group-analysis of 30 exoplanets orbiting distant stars suggests that size, not mass, is a key factor in whether a planet's atmosphere can be detected according to a UCL-led team of European researchers. The largest population-study of exoplanets to date successfully detected atmospheres around 16 'hot Jupiters', and found that water vapour was present in every case.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 14.09.2017
Bidding farewell to Cassini mission that explored Saturn
Bidding farewell to Cassini mission that explored Saturn
Scientists led the development of two scientific sensors on NASA's spacecraft Cassini. "It's an extraordinarily difficult mission, but one with extraordinary rewards: giving us a glimpse into how our solar system formed and how it operates today. Watching a mission come to an end is always bittersweet, but we're proud to have been a part of something so successful that will continue to inform our understanding of our universe." Los Alamos National Laboratory played part in two major discoveries and powered the spacecraft during its 20-year flight Los Alamos, N.M. Sept.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 13.09.2017
Inferno world with titanium skies
Inferno world with titanium skies
An international team of astronomers has detected titanium oxide in the atmosphere of an exoplanet for the first time. The results provide unique information about the chemical composition and the temperature and pressure structure of the atmosphere of this unusual and very hot world. The clear detection of the molecule is a major observational advancement - it is an exciting time in exoplanetary science.

Astronomy / Space Science - Administration - 12.09.2017
Astronomers spun up by galaxy-shape finding
Scientists have measured how a galaxy's spin affects its shape - and found faster-spinning galaxies are flatter and rounder. The discovery was made sampling 845 galaxies and could help provide insights into a galaxy's past. For the first time astronomers have measured how a galaxy's spin affects its shape.

Astronomy / Space Science - Life Sciences - 05.09.2017
Discovery of boron on Mars adds to evidence for habitability
Discovery of boron on Mars adds to evidence for habitability
The discovery of boron on Mars gives scientists more clues about whether life could have ever existed on the planet. "Because borates may play an important role in making RNA-one of the building blocks of life-finding boron on Mars further opens the possibility that life could have once arisen on the planet," said Patrick Gasda.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 04.09.2017
Does the organic material of comets predate our Solar System ?
Does the organic material of comets predate our Solar System ?
The Rosetta space probe discovered a large amount of organic material in the nucleus of comet “Chury. In an article published by MNRAS on August 31, 2017, two French researchers advance the theory that this matter has its origin in interstellar space and predates the birth of the Solar System. The ESA's Rosetta mission, which ended in September 2016, found that organic matter made up 40% (by mass) of the nucleus of comet 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko, a.k.a.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 01.09.2017
Earth-sized planets forty light years away could be habitable
There could be water on multiple Earth-sized planets orbiting the recently discovered TRAPPIST-1 dwarf star - making them potentially habitable - according to an international collaboration of researchers, including the University of Warwick. Using the NASA/ESA Hubble telescope to estimate whether there might be water on the surface of the seven planets around TRAPPIST-1, the researchers found that although the innermost planets must have lost most - if not all - of their water, the outer planets of the system might still harbour substantial amounts.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 01.09.2017
UCLA physicists propose new theories of black holes from the very early universe
UCLA physicists propose new theories of black holes from the very early universe
'Primordial black holes,' believed to have formed shortly after the Big Bang, might explain how gold, platinum and uranium are created Katherine Kornei UCLA physicists have proposed new theories for how the universe's first black holes might have formed and the role they might play in the production of heavy elements such as gold, platinum and uranium.

Astronomy / Space Science - Mathematics - 31.08.2017
AI analyzes gravitational lenses 10 million times faster
SLAC and Stanford researchers demonstrate that brain-mimicking 'neural networks' can revolutionize the way astrophysicists analyze their most complex data, including extreme distortions in spacetime that are crucial for our understanding of the universe. Menlo Park, Calif.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 31.08.2017
Ultraviolet Light May Be Ultra Important In Search For Life
Ultraviolet Light May Be Ultra Important In Search For Life
In everyday life, ultraviolet, or UV, light earns a bad reputation for being responsible for sunburns and other harmful effects on humans. However, research suggests that UV light may have played a critical role in the emergence of life on Earth and could be a key for where to look for life elsewhere in the Universe.