Results 41 - 60 of 95.
Computer Science - 27.07.2017
CMU Method Enables Telescoping Devices To Bend and Twist
Carnegie Mellon University researchers have found a way to design telescoping structures that can bend and twist, enabling robots of various shapes to collapse themselves for transport, enter tiny spaces and reach over or around large obstacles. The researchers devised algorithms that can take a suggested shape that includes curves or twists and design a telescoping structure to match.
Health - Computer Science - 24.07.2017
Target ’best connected neighbours’ to stop spread of infection in developing countries, research suggests
An innovative new study takes a network theory approach to targeted treatment in rural Africa, and finds that a simple algorithm may be more effective than current policies, as well as easier to deploy, when it comes to preventing disease spread - by finding those with "most connections to sick people".
Physics - Computer Science - 19.07.2017
Imaging breakthrough reveals magnets’ internal patterns
A new imaging technique has helped scientists make a breakthrough in how they visualise the directions of magnetisation inside an object. Magnets play a vital role in everyday life, are used in everything from hard drives to energy production, and scientists have already been able to study the structure of thin films of magnetic materials.
Physics - Computer Science - 12.07.2017
Nickel is Crucial for the Earth’s Magnetic Field
Scientists at TU Wien and WŁrzburg University are changing our idea of the earth's magnetic field: iron alone cannot explain the concept of the geodynamo. The crucial ingredient is nickel. It only takes a simple compass to demonstrate that the earth has a magnetic field - but it is quite difficult to explain how exactly it is created.
Music - Computer Science - 06.07.2017
Artificial musician builds new melodies without music theory
A deep-learning algorithm developed by EPFL scientists can generate melodies that imitate a given style of music.
Astronomy / Space - Computer Science - 06.07.2017
A cosmic barbecue: Researchers spot 60 new ‘hot Jupiter’ candidates
Yale researchers have identified 60 potential new 'hot Jupiters' - highly irradiated worlds that glow like coals on a barbecue grill and are found orbiting only 1% of Sun-like stars. Hot Jupiters constitute a class of gas giant planets located so close to their parent stars that they take less than a week to complete an orbit.
Transport - Computer Science - 03.07.2017
Staying on the Right Path
By Birgit Baustšdter Cooperative, autonomous driving on the motorway is the main topic of a joint project between TU Graz and the "Virtual Vehicle" competence centre. Embedded in the Campus Inffeldgasse, researchers are collaborating on developing control algorithms which calculate the right path and the right speed for selfdriving vehicles.
Computer Science - Psychology - 27.06.2017
Hey Siri, an ancient algorithm may help you grasp metaphors
!- Start of DoubleClick Floodlight Tag: Please do not remove Activity name of this tag: UCB001CP Retargeting URL of the webpage where the tag is expected to be placed: http://unknown This tag must be placed between the Ask Siri to find a math tutor to help you 'grasp” calculus and she's likely to respond that your request is beyond her abilities.
Computer Science - Social Sciences - 26.06.2017
Detecting riots with Twitter
Social media can be an invaluable source of information for police when managing major disruptive events, new research from Cardiff University has shown. An analysis of data taken from the London riots in 2011 showed that computer systems could automatically scan through Twitter and detect serious incidents, such as shops being broken in to and cars being set alight, before they were reported to the Metropolitan Police Service.
Computer Science - 19.06.2017
Database reveals disparities in officers‚?- treatment of minority motorists
The Stanford Open Policing Project obtained data on millions of state patrol stops and found evidence that minorities are held to a double standard. The data are being shared with researchers, journalists and the public. Analyzing what may be the largest trove of traffic stop data ever assembled, Stanford researchers found that black and Hispanic drivers were more likely than white drivers to be cited, searched and arrested after being stopped.
Life Sciences - Computer Science - 12.06.2017
’Big Data’ resource raises possibility of research revolution
A group of UK scientists involving researchers from the University of Bristol have demonstrated how aggregating image data from laboratories all around the world has the potential to revolutionise scientific research. The Image Data Resource (IDR) is a collaboration between scientists in the Open Microscopy Environment (OME) , based at Dundee, and groups at Universities of Cambridge and Bristol, and the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI).
Life Sciences - Computer Science - 08.06.2017
Wide-Open accelerates release of scientific data by automatically identifying overdue datasets
Advances in genetic sequencing and other technologies have led to an explosion of biological data, and decades of openness ‚?- both spontaneous and enforced ‚?- mean that scientists routinely deposit data in online repositories. But researchers are only human and may forget to tell a repository to release the data when a paper is published.
Social Sciences - Computer Science - 08.06.2017
Fake online profiles easier to fish out with new software tool
People who use fake profiles online could be more easily identified, thanks to a new tool co-developed by a computer scientist at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). Dr Gareth Tyson and researchers from the University of Edinburgh have trained computer models to spot social media users who make up information about themselves ‚?- known as catfishes.
Physics - Computer Science - 07.06.2017
Magnetic materials form the basis of technologies that play increasingly pivotal roles in our lives today, including sensing and hard-disk data storage. But as our innovative dreams conjure wishes for ever-smaller and faster devices, researchers are seeking new magnetic materials that are more compact, more efficient and can be controlled using precise, reliable methods.
Computer Science - Social Sciences - 07.06.2017
Fake online profiles easier to fish out with new software tool
People who use fake profiles online could be more easily identified, thanks to a new tool developed by computer scientists. Researchers have trained computer models to spot social media users who make up information about themselves - known as catfishes. The system is designed to identify users who are dishonest about their age or gender.
Administration - Computer Science - 05.06.2017
Cops speak less respectfully to black community members
Professors Jennifer Eberhardt and Dan Jurafsky along with other Stanford researchers detected racial disparities in police officers‚?- speech after analyzing more than 100 hours of body camera footage from Oakland Police. The first systematic analysis of police body camera footage shows that officers consistently use less respectful language with black community members than with white community members, according to new Stanford research.
Life Sciences - Computer Science - 01.06.2017
Cracking the Code of Facial Recognition
Friends, family, colleagues, acquaintances'how does the brain process and recognize the myriad faces we see each day? New research from Caltech shows that the brain uses a simple and elegant mechanism to represent facial identity. The findings suggest a not-too-distant future in which monitoring brain activity can lead to a reconstruction of what a person is seeing.
Computer Science - 29.05.2017
An algorithm designed to expand Wikipedia in all languages
An EPFL researcher has created a system that scans Wikipedia for important articles that are missing in other languages. This project could help expand the online encyclopedia's coverage in minority languages, such as Romansh. With 40 million articles in 293 languages, Wikipedia is the largest encyclopedia ever made.
Computer Science - Chemistry - 24.05.2017
Your mobile phone can reveal whether you have been exposed to radiation
In accidents or terror attacks which are suspected to involve radioactive substances, it can be difficult to determine whether people nearby have been exposed to radiation. But by analysing mobile phones and other objects which come in close contact with the body, it is possible to retrieve important information on radiation exposure.
Life Sciences - Computer Science - 09.05.2017
A new tool to decipher evolutionary biology
A new bioinformatics tool to compare genome data has been developed by teams from the Max F. Perutz Laboratories, a joint venture of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, together with researchers from Australia and Canada. The program called 'ModelFinder' uses a fast algorithm and allows previously not attainable new insights into evolution.