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Results 81 - 93 of 93.


Computer Science - 15.02.2017
Deadly spider’s spinning technique could inspire tougher materials
One of the most feared and venomous arachnids in the world, the American brown recluse spider, has long been known for its signature necro-toxic venom, as well as its unusual silk. Now, a new Oxford University collaborative study offers an explanation for how the spider is able to make its silk so strong.

Computer Science - Health - 15.02.2017
Machine learning helps researchers design less costly optical sensors
Machine learning helps researchers design less costly optical sensors
Finding practical solutions to detect proteins, cancer biomarkers, viruses and other small objects has been a key challenge for researchers worldwide for decades. These solutions hold promise for saving lives through more timely diagnosis and treatment of serious infections and diseases. Now a UCLA team's new research shows how such detections might be done for a fraction of the cost by using "smart" mobile devices designed by machine learning.

Physics - Computer Science - 14.02.2017
Success by deception
Success by deception
Theoretical physicists from ETH Zurich deliberately misled intelligent machines, and thus refined the process of machine learning. They created a new method that allows computers to categorise data - even when humans have no idea what this categorisation might look like. When computers independently identify bodies of water and their outlines in satellite images, or beat the world's best professional players at the board game Go, then adaptive algorithms are working in the background.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 13.02.2017
Opinion: Brain scanners allow scientists to 'read minds' - could they now enable a 'Big Brother' future?
Opinion: Brain scanners allow scientists to ‘read minds’ - could they now enable a ‘Big Brother’ future?
Brain imaging can reveal a great deal about who we are and what is going inside our heads. But how far can - and should - this research take us' Julia Gottwald and Barbara Sahakian, authors of Sex, Lies, and Brain Scans: How fMRI Reveals What Really Goes on in our Minds, investigate for The Conversation.

Computer Science - 06.02.2017
Anyone can become an Internet troll
Three methods of research find that the situation in which an online discussion occurs influences whether people will troll more than their personal past of trolling suggests. Internet trolls, by definition, are disruptive, combative and often unpleasant with their offensive or provocative online posts designed to disturb and upset.

Media - Computer Science - 03.02.2017
Journalists on their robot pretenders
Journalists on their robot pretenders
In spite of its limitations, automated journalism will expand. According to media researchers, this development underlines the need for critical, contextualised journalism. Journalists and editors believe 'robo-journalists' do not have a good nose for news and produce one-dimensional stories, according to new research published today.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 01.02.2017
Center for Motion Research Begins Work at Universität Heidelberg
In addition to the mathematical and methodological foundations of motion studies, research at the Heidelberg Center for Motion Research will also include the connection between movement, the psyche, cognition and the body. With the support of the Carl Zeiss Foundation, an interdisciplinary center for motion research took up its work at Heidelberg University on 1 February of this year.

Transport - Computer Science - 30.01.2017
With or without a driver, vehicles are able to cooperate
With or without a driver, vehicles are able to cooperate
EPFL researchers have developed an algorithm for automated vehicles to operate in traffic alongside manually-driven vehicles.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 26.01.2017
How 1 000 new genetic variants were discovered in blood groups
How 1 000 new genetic variants were discovered in blood groups
1 000 new mutations in the blood group genes: that is what physician and former programmer Mattias Möller found in his research study in which he developed new software and investigated blood group genes in 2 504 people. This discovery from Lund University in Sweden was published recently in the journal Blood Advances.

Health - Computer Science - 16.01.2017
Artificial intelligence creates 3D hearts to predict patient survival
Artificial intelligence creates 3D hearts to predict patient survival
Machine-learning has predicted death risk in people with serious heart disease faster and more accurately than current methods. New software, developed by scientists at Imperial College London, has created virtual 3D hearts of each patient that replicate the way the organ contracts with each beat. Artificial intelligence is able to rapidly learn which features of cardiac function best predict heart failure and death.

Computer Science - 16.01.2017
’Moderate amounts of screen time may not be bad for teenagers’ well-being’
While a lot has been said by scientists and paediatricians about the possible dangers of teenagers spending time on digital devices or computers, a new paper argues there is little robust evidence to back up their claims. The co-authors from Oxford and Cardiff universities say they are the first to systematically test for links between well-being and screen time measured continuously, separately for different digital activities and days of the week.

Computer Science - 16.01.2017
’Moderate amounts of screen time might boost teenagers’ wellbeing’
While a lot has been said by scientists and paediatricians about the possible dangers of teenagers spending time on digital devices or computers, a new paper argues there is little robust evidence to back up their claims. The co-authors from Oxford and Cardiff universities say they are the first to systematically test for links between well-being and screen time measured continuously, separately for different digital activities and days of the week.

Computer Science - Electroengineering - 13.01.2017
4G network infrastructure could mean less accidents by drivers
4G network infrastructure could mean less accidents by drivers
New research that suggests a pre-existing 4G network infrastructure could help drivers make safe decisions in or near accidents has won the 'Best Paper Award' at an international conference. The research carried out by the University of Bristol Communication Systems & Networks (CSN) Group , in collaboration with the Université Blaise Pascal in France, was presented at the international conference Signal Processing, Telecommunications & Computing (SigTelCom) 2017 , supported by IEEE, Newton Fund and British Council.