news 2017



Results 61 - 80 of 86.

Economics - Environment - 06.04.2017
’Better data needed’ on measures of sustainability in business
Oxford research shows increasing numbers of investors want better reporting on the environmental, social and governmental (ESG) factors that affect performance so they can make more informed decisions on where to put their money. These factors are the main way of measuring the sustainability and ethical effect of an investment in a company or business.

Chemistry - Economics - 06.04.2017
Renewable plastic precursor could grow cellulosic biofuel industry
For News Media FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE  CONTACT: George Huber, gwhuber [at] wisc (p) edu, (608) 263-0346 × A team of chemical and biological engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has found a way to produce from biomass a valuable compound used in plastic production that they estimate could lower the cost of ethanol produced from plant material by more than two dollars per gallon.

Economics - Environment - 30.03.2017
Curbing coffee cup usage
The use of disposable coffee cups could be reduced by 50 - 300 million annually according to research announced today by leading coffee roaster Bewley's. An estimated 2.5bn disposable coffee cups are used in the UK each year, creating approximately 25,000 tonnes of waste. The research, conducted from September to December 2016 by Cardiff University on behalf of Bewley's tested a range of measures that could encourage the use of re-usable coffee cups.

Economics - 22.03.2017
Camouflage apples
Camouflage apples
On the long journey from the fruit plantation to the retailer's shelf, fruits can quickly perish. In particular, the refrigeration inside the cargo containers is not always guaranteed and existing methods for measuring the temperature are not sufficiently reliable.

Economics - 20.03.2017
Orson Welles plays starring role in creating Brazilian folklore
Researchers at the University of Birmingham have developed a new 'early warning system' that could help policymakers around the world take action to avert or lessen the impact of financial crisis. Existing prediction systems failed to forecast the global crash of 2008, which led to several governments bailing out their banks and European nations, such as Greece, Portugal, Ireland and Spain, being plunged into a sovereign debt crisis.

Politics - Economics - 20.03.2017
Ukip failed to lure Conservative party member voters in 2015, according to new research
Ukip failed to lure Conservative party member voters in 2015, according to new research
Just five per cent of Conservative Party members voted for Ukip in 2015, according to research published by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) and the University of Sussex. The results, based on surveys conducted by YouGov, contrast with a 2013 study by the same authors in which 30 per cent of Tory members said they would seriously consider voting for Ukip.

Economics - 15.03.2017
Grandma Knows Best: Research Explains How Family Members Can Impact Autism Diagnosis
By Shilo Rea Early detection is critical for improving treatment for those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). And often, those closest to a child notice the first signs. New research reveals that children who had frequent interaction with grandparents or older siblings were diagnosed earlier with ASD.

Economics - Career - 14.03.2017
Women in finance face harsher discipline than men
A new study found that women working in the financial advisory industry are punished more severely than their male coworkers for similar misconduct. While most contemporary women's rights protests focus on workplace issues such as unequal pay, one form of gender discrimination has largely flown under the radar.

Economics - Career - 09.03.2017
Harnessing ADHD for business success
Harnessing ADHD for business success
Research news The symptoms of ADHD foster important traits associated with entrepreneurship. That conclusion was reached in a study conducted by an international team of economists, who found that entrepreneurs with ADHD embrace new experiences and demonstrate passion and persistence. Their intuitive decision making in situations involving uncertainty was seen by the researchers as a reason for reassessing existing economic models.

Economics - Media - 03.03.2017
Negative coverage of the EU in UK newspapers nearly doubled over the last 40 years, study finds
Negative coverage of the EU in UK newspapers nearly doubled over the last 40 years, study finds
A study co-authored by researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) has revealed that negative coverage of the European Union in UK newspapers increased from 24 per cent to 45 per cent between 1974 and 2013.

Economics - Career - 02.03.2017
The corporate debt trap
The corporate debt trap
The debt levels of large companies just before the Great Recession of 2007-2009 are strongly linked to local unemployment spikes during that time, a novel study co-authored by an MIT professor finds - adding another dimension to our picture of the recent economic crisis.  'We found that companies with high leverage around 2006 ended up laying off more people,' says Xavier Giroud, the Ford International Career Development Professor of Finance at the MIT Sloan School of Management and co-author of a paper detailing the study's results.

Economics - 27.02.2017
Reducing pesticide use in agriculture without lowering productivity
Reducing pesticide use in agriculture without lowering productivity
As part of the DEPHY-Ferme network, a major component of the French government's EcoPhyto plan to reduce and improve plant protection product use, researchers from INRA working with the company Agros

Economics - Career - 23.02.2017
Female bosses favour gay and lesbian job-seekers, research finds
Female bosses favour gay and lesbian job-seekers, research finds Women are more likely to hire gay and lesbian job applicants over equally-qualified straight candidates, according to a study led by the University of Sussex. But the opposite is true if the recruiter is a man - all else being equal, male bosses judge heterosexual applicants as more hireable.

Health - Economics - 21.02.2017
Average life expectancy set to increase by 2030
Average life expectancy set to increase by 2030
Average life expectancy is set to increase in many countries by 2030 - and will exceed 90 years in South Korea, according to new research. The study, led by scientists from Imperial College London in collaboration with the World Health Organization, analysed long-term data on mortality and longevity trends to predict how life expectancy will change in 35 industrialised countries by 2030.

Health - Economics - 15.02.2017
Measuring 'diagnostic intensity'
Measuring ‘diagnostic intensity’
In some areas of the U.S., medical providers consistently order more tests and treatments for patients than providers do elsewhere - a fact that has generated considerable public debate. Now a new study co-authored by MIT scholars suggests that these differences in medical practices influence how the apparent health of populations is measured across regions.

Economics - Physics - 09.02.2017
The researcher as entrepreneur
The researcher as entrepreneur
Campus news Three teams received the TUM IdeAward last night for their business ideas: a new method for synthesizing peptides, a disposable sample holder which speeds up laboratory work and an electric car for rural regions in Africa. The competition is intended to motivate scientists to turn their inventions into marketable products.

Economics - 31.01.2017
A fair price to pay?
A fair price to pay?
When you buy products online, do you imagine you could get better prices in a store? Conversely, does in-store shopping lead you to wonder whether you are missing better prices online? Fear not.

Health - Economics - 30.01.2017
Economic study explains sheep disease treatment choices
Economic study explains sheep disease treatment choices
Research from the University of Bristol has developed new insights into how farmers treat their sheep for disease. Farmers who don't treat their sheep to avoid infection are often blamed for the national increase in disease. However an economic study, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) has found that, in some scenarios, this is the most economically sensible decision to take.

Economics - 30.01.2017
Having your first child will cost you, study finds
Having your first child will cost you, study finds
Having children has major long-term effects on mothers' salaries. This has been shown in a study from the Lund University in Sweden, by using data from some 20 000 women undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment in Denmark. The first child causes the greatest impact on salary, while the effects of a second child are short term.

Economics - 23.01.2017
Important new insights into the influence of poverty on child maltreatment
Decades of studies have established a strong link between poverty and child maltreatment. But identifying connections is only half the battle; uncovering root causes is a key aim of child maltreatment research. A new set of studies published this week and edited by researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, is the first to try to get at the causal mechanisms behind the economic factors that are strongly associated with child maltreatment, either as a risk factor or an outcome.