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Health - 18.01.2017
Improvements needed to child health services in UK
A study by Cardiff University has found several areas of primary care where improvements are needed to reduce harm to sick children. The study, conducted using data from the England and Wales National Reporting and Learning System (NRLS), analysed over 2,000 incident reports, over a ten year period (2003-2013), involving sick children from primary care in England and Wales and found that poor communication underpinned many incidents resulting in harm to children.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.01.2017
Vitamin B-12, and a knockoff version, create complex market for marine vitamins
Vitamin B-12, and a knockoff version, create complex market for marine vitamins
The New Year is a busy time for pharmacies and peddlers of all health-related products. In the oceans, marine organisms rely on nutrients, too, but the source of their vitamins is sometimes mysterious. University of Washington oceanographers have now found that vitamin B-12 exists in two distinct versions in the oceans.

Health - 18.01.2017
Women of indigenous communities prefer self-screening for cancer-causing virus
ANN ARBOR?Cervical cancer is a preventable disease if detected on time, but it remains one of the leading causes of cancer deaths among women in Latin America, particularly women of poor and indigenous communities. A new study by the University of Michigan suggests that women in these communities'who often lack hospitals and health care facilities needed to process traditional screenings'would prefer to perform an alternative test at home.

Health - 18.01.2017
Teenagers who access mental health services see significant improvements, study shows
Teenagers who access mental health services see significant improvements, study shows
Young people with mental health problems who have contact with mental health services are significantly less likely to suffer from clinical depression later in their adolescence than those with equivalent difficulties who do not receive treatment, according to new research from the University of Cambridge.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.01.2017
Unveiling the biology behind nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Unveiling the biology behind nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
EPFL scientists have discovered a new biological mechanism behind nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease covers a range of diseases that result from fat accumulation in the liver, but not as a result of alcohol abuse. Fat buildup can lead to liver inflammation, scarring and irreversible damage, such as cirrhosis and liver failure.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.01.2017
’5-D protein fingerprinting’ could give insights into Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s
ANN ARBOR'In research that could one day lead to advances against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, University of Michigan engineering researchers have demonstrated a technique for precisely measuring the properties of individual protein molecules floating in a liquid. Proteins are essential to the function of every cell.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.01.2017
On track to heal leukaemia
On track to heal leukaemia
Media releases, information for representatives of the media Media Relations (E) The first clinical studies for a new type of immunotherapy for leukaemia are beginning at Bern's University Hospital and the Department of Clinical Research (DCR) of the University of Bern. Antibodies discovered in the laboratory should inhibit the growth of tumour cells.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.01.2017
Smartphone microscope offers cost-effective DNA sequencing and genetic mutation analysis
Smartphone microscope offers cost-effective DNA sequencing and genetic mutation analysis
Device developed by UCLA and Swedish scientists would make genetic tests available in remote areas Meghan Steele Horan Just like an alphabet is made up of individual letters, DNA is composed of chemical bases. And in the same way that letters must be placed in a specific order to form words and sentences, the sequence of chemical bases is incredibly important in how DNA functions and codes our lives.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.01.2017
The first archive of iPS cells from Parkinson's patients
The first archive of iPS cells from Parkinson’s patients
The Stem Cell Laboratory for CNS Disease Modeling (CSC Laboratory) in Lund, has created one of the largest iPSC biobanks from patients diagnosed with familial and idiopathic PD, and associated synucleionopathies. iPSCs are obtained by reprogramming patient's somatic cells into pluripotent stem cells.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.01.2017
Calorie restriction lets monkeys live long and prosper
For News Media Hold for 10 a.m. Central Time release Jan. A 2009 image of rhesus monkeys in a landmark study of the benefits of caloric restriction. The 27-year-old monkey on the left was given a diet with fewer calories while the 29-year-old monkey on the right was allowed to eat as much as it liked.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.01.2017
Microbiota: new insights on what happens to dietary fibre in the human gut
Microbiota: new insights on what happens to dietary fibre in the human gut
One of the major functions of our intestinal microbiota - which until recently was thought to reside only in the colon - is to break down dietary fibre (and namely complex polysaccharides). However, researchers from INRA working with CNRS 1 used metagenomic screening to reveal fibrolytic potential in the ileum section of the small intestine.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.01.2017
Patients recovering from depression show improvements in memory from the drug modafinil
Patients recovering from depression show improvements in memory from the drug modafinil
Modafinil, a drug used to treat narcolepsy - excessive daytime sleepiness - can improve memory in patients recovering from depression, according to new research from the University of Cambridge. The findings, published today in the journal Biological Psychiatry: CNNI, result from a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study and offer hope of a treatment for some of the cognitive symptoms of depression.

Health - Pedagogy - 17.01.2017
Eating disorders are affecting more UK women in their 40s and 50s than expected, finds new study
Eating disorders are affecting more UK women in their 40s and 50s than expected, finds new study
In a UK study of 5,320 women, three per cent were found to have an active eating disorder in mid-life, a figure higher than expected as eating disorders are primarily associated with adolescence or early adulthood. The research, using data from the University of Bristol's Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort, is published in the open access journal BMC Medicine.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.01.2017
A natural compound can block the formation of toxins associated with Parkinson's Disease
A natural compound can block the formation of toxins associated with Parkinson’s Disease
Squalamine, a natural product studied for its anticancer and anti-infective properties, could also lead to future treatments for Parkinson's Disease. To our surprise, we found evidence that squalamine not only slows down the formation of the toxins associated with Parkinson's Disease, but also makes them less toxic altogether.

Health - Computer Science - 16.01.2017
Artificial intelligence creates 3D hearts to predict patient survival
Artificial intelligence creates 3D hearts to predict patient survival
Machine-learning has predicted death risk in people with serious heart disease faster and more accurately than current methods. New software, developed by scientists at Imperial College London, has created virtual 3D hearts of each patient that replicate the way the organ contracts with each beat. Artificial intelligence is able to rapidly learn which features of cardiac function best predict heart failure and death.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.01.2017
Using microfluidics to improve genetics research
Using microfluidics to improve genetics research
Scientists at EPFL have developed a technique that can be a game-changer for genetics by making the characterization of DNA-binding proteins much faster, more accurate, and efficient. Genes hold the DNA code for producing all the proteins of the cell. To begin this process, genes require a huge family of DNA-binding proteins called transcription factors, which are of enormous interest to biologists today.

Health - History / Archeology - 16.01.2017
New guidelines could help improve research into vascular cognitive impairment
New guidelines could help improve research into vascular cognitive impairment
New guidelines have been developed that it is hoped will help to progress research into vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) following a study led by academics at the University of Bristol that brought together the views of over 150 researchers in 27 countries. VCI refers to a decline in mental abilities, such as memory, thinking and planning, caused by problems with the blood supply to the brain.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.01.2017
Ebola survivors: life afterwards
The long-term clinical and social sequelae following survival of Ebola infection are unknown.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.01.2017
New understanding of AIDS-related dementia
Researchers from Cardiff University and the University of California (UCLA) have made a breakthrough in the understanding of AIDS-related dementia, discovering the role of a neuron protein which was also found to affect learning abilities in healthy subjects. Professor Kevin Fox who led the work at Cardiff University's School of Biosciences said: "Our work represents a major change in the understanding of how AIDS-related dementia works..." The new research started out as a random behavioural screen of mice at UCLA, revealing some mutant mice had better memory than others.

Health - 13.01.2017
Depressive disorder is hard on the heart
Depressive disorder is hard on the heart
Research news Depression poses a risk for cardiovascular diseases in men that is just as great as that posed by high cholesterol levels and obesity. Researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the German Center for Cardiovascular Disease (DZHK) have compared depression to the five most common risk factors.
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