news 2017



Results 41 - 52 of 52.

Mathematics - Life Sciences - 10.03.2017
Mathematical Theorem Finds Gerrymandering in Pennsylvania Congressional District Map
The slider above shows the current districting map for Pennsylvania and the map produced by an algorithm using a series of small random changes. Pennsylvania's congressional district maps are almost certainly the result of gerrymandering according to an analysis based on a new mathematical theorem on bias in Markov chains developed by Carnegie Mellon University and University of Pittsburgh mathematicians.

Mathematics - 07.03.2017
Infertility tied to relationship disruption in Ghana
Infertility tied to relationship disruption in Ghana
Infertility is taking its toll on relationships in Ghana. New research shows Ghanaian women who have problems conceiving are more likely to experience relationship breakdown. The first long-term study of its kind, carried out by Dr Jasmine Fledderjohann, of Lancaster University, focused on information from 1,364 women.

Mathematics - Civil Engineering - 06.03.2017
Ride-sharing study findings are scalable to different cities
A still image taken from a video available at showing a map of Manhattan (upper left), with the yellow lines indicating taxi trips. Where lines intersect indicates sharing opportunities. Three years ago, Steven Strogatz, the Jacob Gould Schurman Professor of Applied Mathematics and Stephen H. Weiss Presidential Fellow, helped a group from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology identify the 'shareability' of cab service in New York City.

Mathematics - 27.02.2017
Who can find the fish that makes the best sound?
Who can find the fish that makes the best sound?
Using new computer algorithms, it is possible to adjust specific properties of three-dimensional objects, such as the sounds they produce or how stable they are. The thickness of a piece of metal made into different animal shapes - including a giraffe and a fish - is adjusted by using a computer algorithm in such a way that a specific sound spectrum is exhibited when the objects are struck.

Mathematics - 21.02.2017
Maths and maps make you nervous’ It could be in your genes
Our genes play a significant role in how anxious we feel when faced with spatial and mathematical tasks, such as reading a map or solving a geometry problem, according to a new study by researchers from King's College London. Spatial skills are important in everyday life, from navigation to assembling flat-pack furniture, and have also been linked to success in the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) professions.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 20.02.2017
Computational Biologist Part of All-Star Alzheimer’s Collaboration
Two-year project aims to translate genetic findings into therapies Andreas Pfenning , assistant professor in Carnegie Mellon University's Computational Biology Department, is part of an all-star research team that aims to find new ways to translate genetic findings into new therapies for Alzheimer's disease.

Physics - Mathematics - 10.02.2017
Taming complexity
Taming complexity
Quantum systems consisting of many particles are a major challenge for physicists, since their behaviour can be determined only with immense computational power. ETH physicists have now discovered an elegant way to simplify the problem. Classical physics offers a relatively easy approach to describing how objects move in our everyday world.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 01.02.2017
Center for Motion Research Begins Work at Universität Heidelberg
In addition to the mathematical and methodological foundations of motion studies, research at the Heidelberg Center for Motion Research will also include the connection between movement, the psyche, cognition and the body. With the support of the Carl Zeiss Foundation, an interdisciplinary center for motion research took up its work at Heidelberg University on 1 February of this year.

Mathematics - 11.01.2017
Young people could be limiting future salaries by dismissing A-level maths
England has one of the lowest levels of post-16 mathematics engagement among developed countries, according to international comparisons. This is despite the fact that mathematics qualifications such as A-level maths are linked to higher salaries, as reported in new research. In 2011 the Secretary of State for Education called for the 'vast majority' of young people to be studying mathematics up to 18 by the end of the decade.

History / Archeology - Mathematics - 09.01.2017
What did Big Data find when it analysed 150 years of British history?
What did Big Data find when it analysed 150 years of British history?
What could be learnt about the world if you could read the news from over 100 local newspapers for a period of 150 years' This is what a team of Artificial Intelligence (AI) researchers from the University of Bristol have done, together with a social scientist and a historian, who had access to 150 years of British regional newspapers.

Mathematics - Chemistry - 06.01.2017
Researchers design one of the strongest, lightest materials known
Researchers design one of the strongest, lightest materials known
A team of researchers at MIT has designed one of the strongest lightweight materials known, by compressing and fusing flakes of graphene, a two-dimensional form of carbon. The new material, a sponge-like configuration with a density of just 5 percent, can have a strength 10 times that of steel. In its two-dimensional form, graphene is thought to be the strongest of all known materials.

Environment - Mathematics - 04.01.2017
Large-scale tornado outbreaks increasing in frequency, study finds
The frequency of large-scale tornado outbreaks is increasing in the United States, particularly when it comes to the most extreme events, according to research recently published in Science . The study by researchers including Joel E. Cohen, a visiting scholar at the University of Chicago, finds the increase in tornado outbreaks does not appear to be the result of a warming climate as earlier models suggested.