news 2017



Results 21 - 40 of 104.

Psychology - 13.10.2017
Quality of life in the best light
Quality of life in the best light
By Ulrike Keller In TU Graz's LightLab, an interdisciplinary team from the fields of architecture, light design and psychology are conducting research on the lighting systems of the future in close collaboration with the lighting industry. Light isn't just here so we can see things. Due to scientific findings of the last ten years, we know today that light controls our internal clock and thus also our cognitive and psychological functions, such as mood, performance and concentration by means of photosensitive receptors in the eye.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 11.10.2017
Cell diversity of a key brain region
UCLA researchers have shown for the first time a comprehensive picture of cell diversity in the amygdala, a vital brain region involved in the regulation of emotions and social behavior, as well as in autism spectrum disorders, depression and other mental disorders. As part of the study, the team also reported on a new method for systematically linking the distinct types of brain cells to specific behavioral functions.

Health - Psychology - 11.10.2017
Sleep and mood in bipolar disorder
Sleep loss can trigger relapse, particularly in the form of mania, in people with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, finds a study by Cardiff University. The new research, led by Cardiff University PhD student Katie Lewis, from the National Centre for Mental Health ( NCMH ), suggests that one in four individuals with bipolar disorder may be at risk of an episode of high mood following sleep loss.

Psychology - Health - 04.10.2017
Anxiety and depression caused by childhood bullying decline over time
Anxiety and depression caused by childhood bullying decline over time
A new UCL-led study has provided the strongest evidence to date that exposure to bullying causes mental health issues such as anxiety years later. The study, published today in JAMA Psychiatry and funded by MQ: Transforming Mental Health and the Economic and Social Research Council, found that the detrimental effects of bullying decreased over time, which the authors say shows the potential for resilience in children exposed to bullying.

Health - Psychology - 02.10.2017
Prenatal exposure to endocrine disruptors and behavioral problems in children
An epidemiological study carried out by Inserm on families from the EDEN cohort (500 boys born between 2003 and 2006 and their mothers) shows that exposure during pregnancy to certain phenols and phthalates is associated with behavioral problems in boys between 3 and 5 years of age. The most worrying compounds in this respect are bisphenol A, triclosan and dibutyl phthalate (DBP).

Psychology - 20.09.2017
One in four girls is depressed at age 14
One in four girls is depressed at age 14
New research shows a quarter of girls (24%) and one in 10 boys (9%) are depressed at age 14. Researchers from the UCL Institute of Education and the University of Liverpool analysed information on more than 10,000 children born in 2000-01 who are taking part in the Millennium Cohort Study. At ages 3, 5, 7, 11 and 14, parents reported on their children's mental health.

Psychology - 20.09.2017
Guess who? Facial expressions can cause confusion
Guess who? Facial expressions can cause confusion
Photos of the same person can look substantially different. For example, your passport photo may look quite different from your driving licence, or your face in holiday photos. In fact, these differences can mean you look like a different person from one photo to the next, to those that don't know you.

Psychology - 18.09.2017
Teenage aggression linked to neglect
Nearly half of all teenagers investigated for neglect by Ontario's child welfare agencies and exhibiting signs of aggression are abandoned by their parents. This is because the parents are not willing or able to remain the primary caregivers for their adolescents. This startling finding comes from one of the first large-scale studies of Canadian data on maltreatment and aggressive behaviour in children and youth.

Psychology - Health - 15.09.2017
Treating insomnia may reduce mental health problems
Treating insomnia with online cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) could reduce mental health problems such as anxiety, depression, and paranoia, according to research. The study found that sleep disruption is a driving factor in the occurrence of paranoia, hallucinatory experiences, and other mental health problems in young adults with an average age of 25.

Psychology - 12.09.2017
Kids praised for being smart are more likely to cheat, new studies find
Toronto, ON - Kids who are praised for being smart, or who are told they have a reputation for being smart, are more likely to be dishonest and cheat, a pair of studies from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) at the University of Toronto and researchers in the U.S. and China has found.

Health - Psychology - 08.09.2017
Study challenges perception that empathy erodes during medical school
The relationship between a doctor and patient relies heavily on the physician's capacity to empathize with or be sensitive to a patient's emotional state. Empathy has been associated with patients' increased adherence to treatment, fewer malpractice complaints, improved patient satisfaction and favorable health outcomes.

Psychology - 08.09.2017
Emotion recognition difficulties in boys and girls with severe antisocial behaviour
Emotion recognition difficulties in boys and girls with severe antisocial behaviour
Teenage girls and boys with severe antisocial behaviour have difficulty recognising facial expressions and look less at important parts of the face, such as the eyes, according to a new study published today (Friday 8 September 2017). Researchers from our Department of Psychology with colleagues at the University of Southampton used eye-tracking methods to investigate the causes of emotion recognition difficulties in teenagers with conduct disorder (CD).

Health - Psychology - 06.09.2017
Treating insomnia may reduce mental health problems
Treating insomnia with online cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) could reduce mental health problems such as anxiety, depression, and paranoia, according to a large randomised controlled trial published today in The Lancet Psychiatry. The Wellcome-funded study was conducted by researchers at the Sleep and Circadian Neuroscience Institute, University of Oxford.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 06.09.2017
Scientists pinpoint 27 states of emotion
Scientists pinpoint 27 states of emotion
!- Start of DoubleClick Floodlight Tag: Please do not remove Activity name of this tag: UCB001CP Retargeting URL of the webpage where the tag is expected to be placed: http://unknown This tag must be placed between the The Emoji Movie, in which the protagonist can't help but express a wide variety of emotions instead of the one assigned to him, may have gotten something right.

Health - Psychology - 06.09.2017
¤1.5m award will investigate how mother's mental health and personality affect child's mental health
¤1.5m award will investigate how mother’s mental health and personality affect child’s mental health
How a mother's mental health and personality affects her child's mental health will be investigated by University of Bristol researchers who have been awarded ¤1.5million from the European Research Council. Despite decades of research and intervention development, the causes of mental health conditions are still poorly understood due to the extremely complex genetic, environmental, behavioural and cognitive factors that underpin them.

Computer Science - Psychology - 06.09.2017
Computer programming languages can impact science and thought
For decades, fierce debates have raged over the benefits of different programming languages over others: Java vs. C++; Python vs. Ruby; Flask vs. Django. While often waged with fervor by computer scientists and programmers, these debates tend to rely on anecdotal evidence, with very little rigorous comparison of programming approaches or the larger question of how software may augment human thinking.

Health - Psychology - 29.08.2017
Why one teenager may need more - or less - sleep than another
Why one teenager may need more - or less - sleep than another
UCLA study finds that few teens do well with less than seven hours a night; more than 11 hours is sub-optimal too Leigh Hopper Sleep problems contribute to a number of mental health issues in adolescents, researchers say. But a lingering question is whether some teens need more — or less — sleep than others to be healthy and at their best.

Linguistics / Literature - Psychology - 15.08.2017
Communicating in a foreign language takes emotion out of decision-making | UChicago News
If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? And should it make any difference if that choice is presented in a language you speak, but isn't your native tongue' Psychologists at the University of Chicago found in past research that people facing such a dilemma while communicating in a foreign language are far more willing to sacrifice the bystander than those using their native tongue.

Psychology - 11.08.2017
Paper examines links between parents' earnings, gender roles, mental health
Paper examines links between parents’ earnings, gender roles, mental health
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — The sexual revolution of the 1960s and 1970s suggested that women and men would have equal shots at happiness - whether they were their families' primary breadwinners or stay-at-home parents. However, the reality has been far more nuanced for many families in the U.S. And new research out of the University of Illinois suggests that some mothers' and fathers' psychological well-being may suffer when their work and family identities - and the amount of financial support they provide - conflict with conventional gender roles.

Health - Psychology - 08.08.2017
Stress heightens fear of threats from the past
Recognizing threats is an essential function of the human mind - think "fight or flight" - one that is aided by past negative experiences. But when older memories are coupled with stress, individuals are likely to perceive danger in harmless circumstances, according to a paper published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .