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Psychology - Sport - 01.06.2017
Stanford psychologists examine how culture can guide giving
New research by Stanford psychologists analyzes cultural effects on giving. They find that people are willing to offer more money to others who display similar emotional expressions and that those expressions are even more powerful factors than race or sex. How can culture influence giving? Some scholars have argued that people are more likely to share with others who are similar in terms of race or sex, but the evidence for this is mixed.

Sport - Psychology - 24.05.2017
Building Mental Toughness Off the Field
A new study reveals that mindfulness training, but not relaxation training, benefits college athletes' attention. Practice engagement and program adherence are key. It's no secret that performance excellence in sports requires dedicated practice and physical training. Much less is known about mental training to deal with the psychological pressures of competitive athletics, the mental game .

Sport - Health - 18.05.2017
Targeted exercise programme can dramatically cut injuries in youth rugby
Targeted exercise programme can dramatically cut injuries in youth rugby
Getting young rugby players to complete new balance, strength and movement exercises before matches and in training can reduce injuries by over 70%, according to a benchmark study released today (Thursday 18 May 2017). Published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine , the findings of the School Injury Prevention Study - which was led by the University's Department for Health and the Rugby Football Union (RFU) from 2013-16 - show the dramatic effect of a newly-devised exercise programme in reducing overall injuries for youth rugby.

Sport - Social Sciences - 17.05.2017
Building a better 'bot': artificial intelligence helps human groups
Building a better ‘bot’: artificial intelligence helps human groups
Artificial intelligence doesn't have to be super-sophisticated to make a difference in people's lives, according to a new Yale University study. Even 'dumb AI' can help human groups. In a series of experiments using teams of human players and robotic AI players, the inclusion of 'bots' boosted the performance of human groups and the individual players, researchers found.

Sport - Life Sciences - 28.04.2017
Brain tissue structure could explain link between fitness and memory
Brain tissue structure could explain link between fitness and memory
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Studies have suggested a link between fitness and memory, but researchers have struggled to find the mechanism that links them. A new study by University of Illinois researchers found that the key may lie in the microstructure of the hippocampus, a region in the middle of the brain involved in memory processes.

Sport - Health - 27.04.2017
Testosterone Makes Men Less Likely to Question Their Impulses
Testosterone Makes Men Less Likely to Question Their Impulses
Hotheaded, impulsive men who shoot first and ask questions later are a staple of Westerns and 1970s cop films, but new research shows there might be truth to the trope. A study conducted by researchers from Caltech, the Wharton School, Western University, and ZRT Laboratory tested the hypothesis that higher levels of testosterone increase the tendency in men to rely on their intuitive judgments and reduce cognitive reflection'a decision-making process by which a person stops to consider whether their gut reaction to something makes sense.

Sport - Physics - 26.04.2017
Overhand or underhand? Fast or slow? Study explores optimal throwing strategies
Overhand or underhand? Fast or slow? Study explores optimal throwing strategies
Whether you're pitching in a major league baseball game or tossing crumpled paper into the trash, the act of throwing is incredibly complex and usually subject to a trade-off between speed and accuracy. A Yale researcher's new study looks at why this is. Throwing fast and accurately is a uniquely human ability (monkeys also throw things, but they're really bad at it, say scientists).

Health - Sport - 26.04.2017
Women with aortic aneurysms fare much worse than men, new study finds
Women with aortic aneurysms fare much worse than men, new study finds
Mortality rates for women undergoing surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysms are nearly twice those for men, a new study has found. The findings, published in The Lancet, show women fare worse than men at every stage of treatment, leading to the study's authors to call for urgent improvement in how the condition is managed in women.

Sport - Administration - 24.04.2017
When artificial intelligence evaluates chess champions
When artificial intelligence evaluates chess champions
The ELO system, which most chess federations use today, ranks players by the results of their games. Although simple and efficient, it overlooks relevant criteria such as the quality of the moves players actually make. To overcome these limitations, Jean-Marc Alliot of the Institut de recherche en informatique de Toulouse (IRIT - CNRS/INP Toulouse/Université Toulouse Paul Sabatier/Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès/Université Toulouse Capitole) demonstrates a new system, published on 24 april 2017 in the International Computer Games Association Journal.

Life Sciences - Sport - 24.04.2017
Scientific discovery game significantly speeds up neuroscience research process
Scientific discovery game significantly speeds up neuroscience research process
A new scientific discovery game is allowing video gamers to significantly speed up reconstructing the intricate architecture of brain cells, a fundamental task in 21 st century brain science. Mozak , a new game developed by the University of Washington Center for Game Science in partnership with the Allen Institute for Brain Science , enables citizen scientists to produce complete, three-dimensional reconstructions of neurons from different regions of the brain in animals and people.

Sport - Economics - 10.04.2017
Collaborating AI learns to play StarCraft
Collaborating AI learns to play StarCraft
Multiple artificial intelligence (AI) agents have learned to work together to play StarCraft, a science fiction combat video game, by using two-way communication according to a team from UCL and Alibaba Group. Previously, single AI agents learned to play Go and card games, beating the most accomplished human players, but in this study, multiple AI agents have learned to collaborate to defeat multiple enemies in a real-time strategy game.

Sport - 07.04.2017
Prince Harry visits RFU Injured Players Foundation at University
Prince Harry visits RFU Injured Players Foundation at University
His Royal Highness Prince Harry today visited the Rugby Football Union Injured Players Foundation (IPF) at the University to discover how the IPF-funded research can help improve player welfare and reduce players' injury risk. Visiting in his capacity as IPF Patron, Prince Harry met researchers from the University who have led advances over the past decade in developing new injury prevention techniques and protocols for rugby union.

Sport - 03.04.2017
Study on Emergency Operations: Success Depends on Reliable Networks among Agencies
Press release issued jointly by Freie Universität Berlin and TU Kaiserslautern ' 067/2017 from Apr 03, 2017 Numerous slip-ups in connection with the investigation against the terrorist attacker Anis Amri are just one indication that cooperation between authorities is not always smooth. In spite of many findings by federal and state authorities in Germany, Amri was able to move around freely in the country.

Health - Sport - 24.03.2017
Tetris used to prevent post-traumatic stress symptoms
A single dose psychological intervention, which includes using the computer game Tetris, can prevent the unpleasant, intrusive memories that develop in some people after suffering a traumatic event. Researchers have been able to demonstrate how the survivors of motor vehicle accidents have fewer such symptoms if they play Tetris in hospital within six hours of admission after also having been asked to recall their memory of the accident.

Sport - Health - 02.03.2017
Contact high: Some physical sports can lead to heroin use, prescription drug abuse among teens
ANN ARBOR'High school athletes who play high-contact sports like hockey are at greater risk for heroin use and nonmedical use of prescription opioids, a new University of Michigan study found. No previous studies have assessed the potential overlapping use of opioids and heroin among youth athletes, including those involved in different competitive sports, said Philip Veliz, research assistant professor at U-M's Institute for Research on Women and Gender.

Sport - Life Sciences - 15.02.2017
Evidence of brain damage found in former footballers
Evidence of brain damage found in former footballers
Evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a potential cause of dementia caused by repeated blows to the head, has been found in the brains of former association football (soccer) players examined at the UCL Queen Square Brain Bank. The study, funded by The Drake Foundation and published in the journal Acta Neuropathologica , looked at 14 retired footballers with dementia who were referred to the Old Age Psychiatry Service in Swansea, Wales, between 1980 and 2010.

Sport - 14.02.2017
‘tacit collusion’ between retailers inflates the price of petrol
Tacit collusion between petrol retailers pushes up the price motorists pay at the pump, according to new research from the University of Melbourne. The first-of-its-kind study analysed more than 1.7 million petrol price points from a 15-year time frame across Perth. Dr David Byrne, from the Centre for Market Design at the University of Melbourne, and Associate Professor Nicolas de Roos at the University of Sydney, found tacit collusion among petrol retailers helped push up profit margins in the range of 50 per cent.

Environment - Sport - 25.01.2017
Game of thrones in crab world
Crabs that invade smaller crab species' habitat overpower and evict incumbents from their burrows, but the two species ultimately co-exist and join forces against other invading crabs in a game of thrones once they establish territorial boundaries, new research finds. Lead researcher Huon Clark from ANU said the finding overturns the theory that interactions between species of fiddler crabs result in the dominant species pushing the weaker ones out of a habitat.

Sport - 19.01.2017
Aerodynamics on the test rig
Aerodynamics on the test rig
Air flow at the touch of a button. In the wind tunnels of TU Graz, aerodynamic tests are carried out on top athletes, automobiles and even building models. Austrian handcyclists Thomas Frühwirth and Walter Ablinger won silver medals at the 2016 Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro. Earlier, they were guests of the Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer at TU Graz for aerodynamic tests of their bikes and themselves.

Sport - 18.01.2017
Birds of a feather flock together to confuse potential predators
Birds of a feather flock together to confuse potential predators
Scientists from the Universities of Bristol and Groningen, in The Netherlands, have created a computer game style experiment which sheds new light on the reasons why starlings flock in massive swirling groups over wintering grounds. A mumeration can hold many thousands of starlings but the reasons why they put on these amazing displays are not well understood.