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Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2018
Melbourne steps up to drive global health
Melbourne steps up to drive global health
Three of Australia's child health leaders have joined forces to tackle global child health: The Murdoch Children's Research Institute, the Royal Children's Hospital and the University of Melbourne have launched a new initiative, Melbourne Children's Global Health. Melbourne Children's Global Health co-chair Andrew Steer said the creation of Melbourne Children's Global Health would help the three institutes secure research funding, strengthen their standing at international forums, and enable the researchers to better share information and resources.

History / Archeology - 14.12.2018
Fifty years of decline in Queensland’s coastal sharks
Queensland's coastal shark numbers are continuing a 50-year decline, in sharp contradiction of suggestions of 'exploding' shark populations, according to an analysis of Queensland Shark Control Program data. University of Queensland and Griffith University researchers analysed data from the program, which has used baited drumlines and nets since 1962 to minimise human-shark interactions, and now spans 1760 km of the Queensland coastline.

Health - 14.12.2018
Bisexual women most vulnerable to poor health and wellbeing
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) Australians continue to experience significant disadvantage when it comes to health and wellbeing compared to their heterosexual peers, a University of Queensland study has found. Dr Francisco Perales , of UQ's Institute for Social Science Research , identified bisexual people as being at higher risk of poor outcomes compared to both heterosexual and gay/lesbian people.

Health - Career - 14.12.2018
Grand Challenges Explorations grant awarded for groundbreaking research in global health and development
Grand Challenges Explorations grant awarded for groundbreaking research in global health and development
The University of Melbourne was announced as a winner of a global Grand Challenges Explorations grant - an initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Professor Muthupandian Ashokkumar along with Dr Francesca Cavalieri and Dr Srinivas Mettu will pursue an innovative global health and development research project, titled 'Edible Micro-Balloons for Nutrition Enhancement', aimed at relieving malnutrition among mothers and infants in developing countries.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.12.2018
Scientists identify method to study resilience to pain
Scientists at the Yale School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System have successfully demonstrated that it is possible to pinpoint genes that contribute to inter-individual differences in pain. Chronic pain affects an estimated 100 million people in the United States. Clinicians have long recognized that some people are more resilient to pain than others.

Environment - Administration - 13.12.2018
Mounting evidence justifies EPA’s regulation of greenhouse gases
Sixteen prominent climate scientists argue that there is more reason than ever for the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate greenhouse gases, at the same time some politicians are pushing the EPA to reverse its 2009 decision to do so. In a paper appearing in the Dec.

Physics - Transport - 13.12.2018
Invention promises airport security screening without queues
Invention promises airport security screening without queues
A research team led by The Australian National University (ANU) has invented a device that could be developed into ultra-sensitive cameras for security screening which would not require people to queue at airports. Other applications could include smaller and safer sensors for driverless vehicles. Lead researcher Dr Mingkai Liu said the research had already led to a proof-of-concept prototype device and provisional patent.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.12.2018
Genetic 'missing links' underlying mechanism of psychiatric diseases
Genetic ’missing links’ underlying mechanism of psychiatric diseases
UCLA researchers, in global collaboration, gain new understanding of brain architecture of autism, schizophrenia Sarah C.P. Williams Since the completion of the groundbreaking Human Genome Project in 2003, researchers have discovered changes to hundreds of parts of DNA, called genetic variants, that are associated with autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia and other psychiatric diseases.

Physics - Materials Science - 13.12.2018
Team invents method to shrink objects to the nanoscale
Team invents method to shrink objects to the nanoscale
It's not quite the Ant-Man suit, but the system produces 3-D structures one thousandth the size of the originals. MIT researchers have invented a way to fabricate nanoscale 3-D objects of nearly any shape. They can also pattern the objects with a variety of useful materials, including metals, quantum dots, and DNA.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 13.12.2018
University apprenticeship scheme awarded
Researchers from the LIGO and Virgo Collaborations have announced gravitational wave observations of four new binary black holes and released their first catalogue of gravitational wave events. Since the detectors first started operation in September 2015 , the LIGO and Virgo Collaborations, which include researchers from the University of Birmingham, have completed two observation runs.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 13.12.2018
Tangled magnetic fields power cosmic particle accelerators
SLAC scientists find a new way to explain how a black hole's plasma jets boost particles to the highest energies observed in the universe. The results could also prove useful for fusion and accelerator research on Earth. Menlo Park, Calif. Magnetic field lines tangled like spaghetti in a bowl might be behind the most powerful particle accelerators in the universe.

Economics / Business - 13.12.2018
Study calls for stricter regulation of elusive rabbit breeding industry
Rabbits are one of the most popular pets in the UK and yet little is known about where these very cute and appealing animals come from. Now a new study by researchers at the Universities of Nottingham and Winchester has shed light on this elusive industry, calling for more to be done to regulate and improve the breeding of rabbits as pets.

Psychology - 13.12.2018
Government advice on mental health and behaviour in schools: Where is the evidence?
The quality of research into the impact of social and emotional learning (SEL) interventions in UK schools needs to improve in order for the programmes to be successful, says new research. The research , led by Professor Roisin Corcoran, Chair in Education at the University of Nottingham, and published in Educational Research Review , provides the first comprehensive review of the research into SEL interventions in the UK and United States over the last 50 years.

Environment - 13.12.2018
£3 million for major research study into UK greenhouse gas emissions
£3 million for major research study into UK greenhouse gas emissions
A study to develop new methods for evaluating the UK's greenhouse gas emissions using atmospheric observations has been awarded £3M by NERC. The project, led by researchers in Bristol's School of Chemistry, is vital for assessing climate change mitigation measures. Led by Dr Matthew Rigby , the study will deploy a new generation of greenhouse gas measurement techniques that will allow us to better determine emissions from different sectors of the economy.

Physics - Chemistry - 13.12.2018
Scientists design custom nanoparticles with new ’stencil’ method
Big Brains Podcast Climate change's human cost with Michael Greenstone Nano-sized particles already make bicycles and tennis rackets lighter and stronger, protect eyeglasses from scratches, and help direct chemotherapy drugs to cancer cells. But their usefulness depends on being able to precisely sculpt them into the right configurations-no easy task when they're so tiny that thousands of them could fit into the thickness of a sheet of paper.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 13.12.2018
For a longer battery life: Pushing lithium ion batteries to the next performance level
For a longer battery life: Pushing lithium ion batteries to the next performance level
Conventional lithium ion batteries, such as those widely used in smartphones and notebooks, have reached performance limits. Materials chemist Freddy Kleitz from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Vienna and international scientists have developed a new nanostructured anode material for lithium ion batteries, which extends the capacity and cycle life of the batteries.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.12.2018
Clean cold experts launch toolkit to help tackle pollution and climate change
A study carried out in collaboration with the University of Birmingham has used an innovative approach to identify thousands of antibiotic resistance genes found in bacteria that inhabit the human gut. The human gut is home to trillions of microorganisms, mainly bacteria. Most of these are sensitive to antibiotics, but a significant number of bacteria in the human gut have mechanisms that make them resistant to antibiotics.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.12.2018
Autism Risk-Factors Identified in "Dark Matter" of Human Genome
Using cutting-edge statistical models to analyze data from nearly 2,000 families with an autistic child, a multi-institute research team discovered tens of thousands of rare mutations in noncoding DNA sequences and assessed if these contribute to autism spectrum disorder. Published Dec. 14 , the study is the largest to date for whole-genome sequencing in autism.

Chemistry - Health - 13.12.2018
Researchers lay foundation for smart contrast medium
Researchers lay foundation for smart contrast medium
Under the leadership of TU Graz, an international research team has developed a contrast medium concept for MRI, promising unprecedented features in medical imaging. Molecular imaging techniques are playing an increasingly important role in medical diagnostics and developing new treatment methods. An interdisciplinary team of researchers from the fields of chemistry, material sciences, biomedicine, quantum physics and toxicology has managed to develop the foundations for a novel contrast medium for MRI in the framework of the FET Open EU excellence programme.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 13.12.2018
Fake plastic atoms
Fake plastic atoms
ESA > Our Activities > Human Spaceflight > International Space Station Our world is made of atoms and molecules, but even with the most powerful microscopes we can only see snapshots, never how they move and interact with each other. To model how atoms behave, researchers have been using plastic particles in weightlessness and the latest batch of results are returning to Earth with ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst in a Soyuz spacecraft on Thursday.
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