news 2018



Results 21 - 40 of 68.

Career - Economics / Business - 19.07.2018
Most employees can work smarter, given the chance
More than half (58%) of employees in Britain can identify changes at work which would make them more productive, a research team drawn from UCL Institute of Education (IOE), Cardiff University and Nuffield College, Oxford has found. These findings are published today in the Skills and Employment Survey (2017).

Philosophy - Career - 12.07.2018
Bridging the divide: philosophy meets science
A unique three-year project to bridge the divide between science and philosophy - which embedded early-career philosophers into some of Cambridge's ground-breaking scientific research clusters - is the subject of a new film released today. Academics in the humanities as well as the sciences are beginning to appreciate some of the difficulties arising from the extreme degrees of specialisation - where we are losing the ability to talk to each other.

Career - Economics / Business - 12.07.2018
Executive salaries showing stronger increases
Research news In 2017, salaries of management board members of DAX-listed companies rose by 4.5 percent - stronger than in the three years before. Bonuses are thus moving in line with the even bigger increases in corporate profits and DAX share prices. However, the base salaries of board members, not linked to performance, were also higher.

Health - Career - 12.07.2018
Medical errors may stem more from physician burnout than unsafe health care settings
The epidemic of physician burnout may be the source of even more medical errors than unsafe medical workplace conditions, a new study led by Stanford researchers has found. Physician burnout is at least equally responsible for medical errors as unsafe medical workplace conditions, if not more so, according to a study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Career - Economics / Business - 12.07.2018
Legislating labour in the long run - how worker rights help economies
Legislating labour in the long run - how worker rights help economies
Researchers have built the single largest dataset of employment laws - spanning more than 100 countries across much of post-war history - to look at how worker rights affect economies over decades.

Health - Career - 10.07.2018
Imperial showcases work to improve patients’ experience of NHS services
Virtual exercise games for rehabilitation and a robotic rectum to detect prostate cancer were on display at a special showcase event. The St Mary's Patient Experience Hub is an initiative designed to use medical simulation and tools to improve the experience of patients and families at St Mary's Hospital.

Career - Psychology - 06.07.2018
How emotions may result in hiring, workplace bias
Stanford study suggests that the emotions American employers are looking for in job candidates may not match up with emotions valued by jobseekers from some cultural backgrounds - potentially leading to hiring bias. Job applicants who want to appear calm and collected might be at a disadvantage. According to a new Stanford study, American employers are more likely to favor excited over relaxed candidates.

Health - Career - 05.07.2018
Opioid epidemic responses overlook gender
Yale health experts warn that current efforts to confront the growth of opioid addiction and overdose deaths must better incorporate an understanding of how women fit into this epidemic. In a commentary published in The Lancet , Women's Health Research at Yale Director Carolyn M. Mazure, and Yale Program in Addiction Medicine Director David A. Fiellin, M.D., called for researchers, clinicians, and policymakers to account for the different ways in which women encounter opioid addiction and treatment.

Innovation - Career - 05.07.2018
Humans need not apply
Humans need not apply
Will automation, AI and robotics mean a jobless future, or will their productivity free us to innovate and explore? Is the impact of new technologies to be feared, or a chance to rethink the structure of our working lives and ensure a fairer future for all? If routine cognitive tasks are taken over by AI, how do professions develop their future experts? Stella Pachidi On googling 'will a robot take my job'' I find myself on a BBC webpage that invites me to discover the likelihood that my work will be automated in the next 20 years.

Politics - Career - 05.07.2018
Barriers continue to prevent potential Assembly candidates from standing, report concludes
Action is needed to encourage a wider range of people from underrepresented groups to enter politics, academics say. The team from Cardiff University's Wales Governance Centre and London Metropolitan University studied what motivates and discourages people from considering running for election to the National Assembly.

Health - Career - 04.07.2018
Care provided by specialist cancer nurses helps improve life expectancy of patients with lung cancer, says new study
A new study looking at the picture of lung cancer care in England finds that patients with lung cancer experience significantly better outcomes in terms of life expectancy, avoiding unnecessary hospital admissions and managing the effects of treatment when cared for by specialist lung cancer nurses. The research, entitled Can nurse specialist working practices reduce the burdens of lung cancer? was presented at the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (NCRAS) conference on 21 June 2018.

Innovation - Career - 02.07.2018
Q&A: What can we learn from the hidden history of technology design?
Q&A: What can we learn from the hidden history of technology design?
Before we started to LOL at funny cat videos on the internet, the "laughing out loud” acronym had a different meaning. During the Apollo missions to the moon in the 1960s, the LOL, or "little old ladies,” method referred to the women who wove wires through and around small magnetic beads by hand to build core memory objects.

Health - Career - 26.06.2018
Social awkwardness scuppers standing meetings
Standing during meetings could help keep office workers healthy, but new research from King's College London and Brunel University London suggests it's hard to resist keeping our seats when standing up breaks social rules. Office workers make up half the UK working population and spend approximately two-thirds of their working days seated.

Art and Design - Career - 25.06.2018
How music lessons can improve language skills
How music lessons can improve language skills
Many studies have shown that musical training can enhance language skills. However, it was unknown whether music lessons improve general cognitive ability, leading to better language proficiency, or if the effect of music is more specific to language processing. A new study from MIT has found that piano lessons have a very specific effect on kindergartners' ability to distinguish different pitches, which translates into an improvement in discriminating between spoken words.

Environment - Career - 25.06.2018
Researchers join new initiative on urban air pollution
Cambridge researchers are part of a cutting-edge project unveiled by Mayor of London Sadiq Khan last week to better understand Londoners' exposure to air pollution and improve air quality in the capital. Addressing air pollution in cities is a vital but complex challenge. Rod Jones As part of the initiative, a network of air quality sensors will be deployed across the capital, measuring pollution levels in tens of thousands of locations.

Career - 22.06.2018
Allowing employees to be self-driven improves performance, study shows
Managers who encourage staff to take more control over their workflow by putting them in the driver's seat find themselves with more competent and connected teams with motivated, engaged, high-performing and loyal employees, research by the University of Melbourne shows. Leaders who employ a style known as autonomously supportive, rather than a controlling, micro-management style, are more likely to encourage greater workplace wellbeing and flourishing employees, according to the  meta-analysis  published in Springer's  Motivation and Emotion  journal.

Career - Psychology - 20.06.2018
Why 9 to 5 isn't the only shift that can work for busy families
Why 9 to 5 isn’t the only shift that can work for busy families
For the millions of Americans who work "nonstandard" shifts - evenings, nights or with rotating days off - the schedule can be especially challenging with children at home. But a new study from the University of Washington finds that consistent hours, at whatever time of day, can give families flexibility and in some cases, improve children's behavior.

Health - Career - 18.06.2018
Babies are most likely to be born at 4am
Babies are most likely to be born at 4am
Just over half of all births following spontaneous onset of labour occur between 1am and 7am with a peak around 4 am, according to a new study involving UCL, City, University of London and the National Childbirth Trust (NCT).

Career - Economics / Business - 18.06.2018
How emotions shape our work life
How emotions shape our work life
Jochen Menges, an expert in organisational behaviour, thinks that emotions matter profoundly for employee performance and behaviour. His studies bring nuance to our understanding of how employees wish to feel at work. A bit of emotion, a bit of up and down - that's what makes work meaningful Jochen Menges It is important for people to feel happy rather than miserable in their work - research shows that contented employees deliver better results after all.

Career - Economics / Business - 12.06.2018
All in a day's work
All in a day’s work
Researchers at the University of Cambridge are helping to understand the world of work - the good, the bad, the fair and the future. Here, Simon Deakin, Catherine Barnard and Brendan Burchell launch our month-long focus on some of these projects. Researchers do not initiate projects simply to overturn conventional wisdom, but this is often what they end up doing, simply because few of the ideas or practices which are 'taken for granted' in everyday discourse can safely withstand this type of scrutiny.