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Pharmacology - Health - 26.11.2018
Promise in new treatment for peanut allergy
Controlled ingestion of peanut protein could help build tolerance in peanut allergy sufferers. Authors of a new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine say an oral immunotherapy drug they tested could be the first FDA-approved medication of its kind for people with peanut allergy. The medication, called AR101, is derived from peanut protein.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.11.2018
New evidence shows chemotherapy, radiation cancer treatments may be linked to decline in cognitive performance
New evidence shows chemotherapy, radiation cancer treatments may be linked to decline in cognitive performance
Health + Behavior UCLA RESEARCH ALERT Duane Bates FINDINGS UCLA researchers conducted a study of breast cancer survivors to better understand if lower activity of telomerase (an enzyme that helps maintain the health of cells) along with DNA damage (a factor in cellular aging) were associated with worse cognitive performance, such as attention and motor skills.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.11.2018
Researchers identify brain changes in schizophrenia patients
Researchers have unlocked details revealing how brains change in people with schizophrenia and evidence suggesting that in the early stages of the illness the brain may be compensating for damage caused. Researchers from the University of Melbourne, Monash University, University of Sydney and QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, hope their findings will improve our understanding of the illness and contribute to improved treatments.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.11.2018
Breastfeeding: Babies’ response to facial touch measured with 3D printed device
Facial sense of touch is important to enable babies breastfeed; this new device could help researchers understand when things go wrong. Babies need a sense of touch in their faces to give contact feedback to the brain, which in turn helps the baby find the nipple to breastfeed. For example, if a newborn baby's right cheek is lying on their mother's breast, the baby feeds back the sensory information from its cheek to the brain, which then signals the baby to turn its head to the right and 'root' for the nipple.

Health - 22.11.2018
Poorest dying nearly ten years younger than the rich in "deeply worrying" trend
The gap between the life expectancy of the richest and poorest sectors of society in England is increasing. This is the finding of new research from Imperial College London. The research, published in the journal Lancet Public Health , also reveals that the life expectancy of England's poorest women has fallen since 2011, in what researchers say is a "deeply worrying" trend.

Health - 22.11.2018
Launch of the Midlands Engine Economic Observatory
A new study by the University of Birmingham has found that seven in every eight children who have their tonsils removed are unlikely to benefit from the operation. Researchers, supported by the National Institute for Health Research, analysed the electronic medical records of over 1.6 million children from more than 700 UK general practices dating between 2005 and 2016.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.11.2018
UCLA faculty voice: Neuroscientists identify low-tech fix to sleep-deprived teens
UCLA faculty voice: Neuroscientists identify low-tech fix to sleep-deprived teens
Opinion + Voices Psychology professor Adriana Galván says the right pillow can serve as a relatively inexpensive solution Adriana Galván Adriana Galván a professor of psychology at UCLA and holds the Jeffrey Wenzel Term Chair in Behavioral Neuroscience. She specializes in adolescent brain development.

Veterinary - Health - 21.11.2018
Fish genes hold key to repairing damaged hearts
Fish genes hold key to repairing damaged hearts
The Mexican tetra fish can repair its heart after damage - something researchers have been striving to achieve in humans for years. Now, new research funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) published in Cell Reports suggests that a gene called lrrc10 may hold the key to this fish's remarkable ability.

Health - 21.11.2018
Psychotic experiences could be caused by trauma in childhood
Psychotic experiences could be caused by trauma in childhood
Researchers at the University of Bristol have established greater evidence for a causal link between trauma in childhood and psychotic experiences at 18 years old. The findings, published today (21 November) in JAMA Psychiatry , are the first to comprehensively examine the association between different types of trauma, and their timing in childhood with later psychotic experiences using a large population study.

Music - Health - 21.11.2018
X-rays show how periods of stress changed an ice age hyena to the bone
A few hundred thousand years ago during Earth's most recent ice age, a beefy subspecies of spotted hyena that was more than double the weight of its modern relative roamed Eurasia's snow-glazed terrain. Until their extinction about 11,000 years ago, these animals, now known as cave hyenas, would drag their prey into dens and devour them with bone-crushing jaws.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.11.2018
NIPT can detect blood cancers before symptoms appear
The non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT), developed to detect Down syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities in unborn children, can also detect blood cancers. Not just in pregnant women but in everyone. This is because the test examines the DNA that is circulating in the blood - and that may include the genetic material of cancer cells.

Materials Science - Health - 21.11.2018
A hydrogel that adheres firmly to cartilage and meniscus
EPFL researchers have developed a hydrogel - made up of nearly 90% water - that naturally adheres to soft tissue like cartilage and the meniscus. If the hydrogel carries repair cells, it could help damaged tissue to heal. Some types of body tissue, like cartilage and meniscus, have little or no blood supply and are unable to heal if damaged.

Health - 21.11.2018
Tobacco increases risk of schizophrenia, psychosis
Tobacco smokers are at increased risk of psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, according to University of Queensland researchers. Their review of eight long-running studies has found strong evidence of an association between smoking and mental illness, which they suggest is most likely caused by nicotine.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.11.2018
Top ten universities for animal research announced
Top ten universities for animal research announced
Understanding Animal Research, an organisation promoting greater openness about animal research, has today released a list of the ten universities in the UK that conduct the highest number of animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary and scientific research. These statistics are freely available on the universities' websites as part of their ongoing commitment to transparency and openness.

Health - 20.11.2018
Clean water linked to rising birth rates in Africa: calls for development initiatives to consider women’s reproductive services
A researcher from the University of Bristol presented research at Parliament yesterday that recommends the consideration of more holistic interventions in the world's poorest countries. An unintended consequence of water tap access in rural Ethiopian villages is population growth. The provision of a safe water supply increases child survival and improves women's health in these communities, but Dr Mhairi Gibson , a Reader in Anthropology at Bristol, has discovered a subsequent rise in child malnutrition as village resources are strained by a booming population.

Health - 20.11.2018
Sleep duration and TV viewing time linked to higher death risk, especially in poorer areas
People living in deprived areas are more vulnerable to the effects of unhealthy lifestyles, including previously unrecognised risk factors such as short or long sleep duration and long TV viewing time. In a new study led by the University of Glasgow and published today in The Lancet Public Health , researchers have shown that the association between an unhealthy lifestyle and death is stronger in the more deprived groups.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.11.2018
Scientists identify new genetic causes linked to abnormal pregnancies and miscarriages
A team of scientists at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) and McGill University have identified three genes responsible for recurrent molar pregnancies, a rare complication that occurs when a non-viable pregnancy with no embryo implants in the uterus. The results of this study could have important implications, since until now very little is known about the genetic causes of all forms of fetal loss.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.11.2018
A toxic bullet involved in bacterial competition found by researchers
A toxic bullet involved in bacterial competition found by researchers
A bacterial toxin that allows an infectious strain of bacteria to defeat its competitors has been discovered by Imperial College London scientists. The finding provides a better understanding of the mechanisms behind bacterial warfare, which is the first step for the design of improved treatments for microbial diseases.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.11.2018
To predict the future, the brain has two clocks
To predict the future, the brain has two clocks
That moment when you step on the gas pedal a split second before the light changes, or when you tap your toes even before the first piano note of Camila Cabello's "Havana" is struck. That's anticipatory timing. One type relies on memories from past experiences. The other on rhythm. Both are critical to our ability to navigate and enjoy the world.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2018
MDMA makes people cooperative, but not gullible
New research from King's College London has found that MDMA, the main ingredient in ecstasy, causes people to cooperate better - but only with trustworthy people. In the first study to look in detail at how MDMA impacts cooperative behaviour the researchers also identified changes to activity in brain regions linked to social processing.
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