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Health - 18.12.2018
California teens who volunteer and engage in civic life are healthier, aim higher in education
Researchers discover gap by race, income between those interested in and those who participate in activity Venetia Lai High school teens in California who volunteer, take part in community aid groups, and join school or other clubs are healthier and more likely to aspire to attending college, according to a study by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.12.2018
Get a warrant: researchers demand better DNA protections
New laws are required to control access to medical genetic data by law enforcement agencies, an analysis by University of Queensland researchers has found. The academics from biology, policy and law say a Genetic Data Protection Act is needed to maintain public trust in medical genetics. UQ's Dr Caitlin Curtis said advances in technology meant genetic tests were increasingly revealing, providing information about health, predisposition to disease, and even behaviour and mental health.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.12.2018
Measuring speed of mental replay of movies reveals new insights into how we access memories
Technology from the LHC's ATLAS experiment to be used in cancer detection and treatment at UK's first high energy proton beam therapy centre Technology from the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) - where the Higgs Boson was discovered - will be used in hospitals to improve cancer treatments that employ proton beam therapy.

Health - 17.12.2018
Are Fitbits the answer to nurse fatigue?
For News Media Millions of individuals already use tiny fitness trackers to prompt physical activity in hopes of improving their health. Now a UW-Madison School of Nursing professor is taking them a step further by using them to track nurse movement in hospitals. The hope is to uncover important data about what causes fatigue in the work environment and what health systems can do to minimize its impact not only on nurses but on patients as well.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.12.2018
New Avenue of Investigation for Cancer Therapy Discovered at Carnegie Mellon Qatar
Project inspires CMU-Q alumnus to pursue career in cancer research A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar (CMU-Q) has discovered a new area of research that could lead to more effective cancer treatment with fewer side effects. Ihab Younis, assistant professor of biological sciences, and Ettaib El Marabti, a 2017 graduate of CMU-Q's Biological Sciences Program , have revealed that the cellular mechanism called minor intron splicing is different in cancer cells than in normal cells.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.12.2018
Discovery of novel mechanisms that cause migraines
Discovery of novel mechanisms that cause migraines
PARIS, 17 december 2018 Researchers at CNRS, Université Côte d'Azur and Inserm have demonstrated a new mechanism related to the onset of migraine. In fact, they found how a mutation, causes dysfunction in a protein which inhibits neuronal electrical activity, induces migraines. These results, published in Neuron on December 17, 2018, open a new path for the development of anti-migraine medicines.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.12.2018
How liquid droplets grow in cells
How liquid droplets grow in cells
For more than 100 years, biologists have known that cells contain various kinds of membraneless organelles and conjectured what organizing principles underlie them. During the past decade, liquid-liquid phase separation has emerged as one of the concepts that can explain these cellular structures. Phase separation has become an increasingly hot topic, as it can be related to pathologies such as neurodegenerative diseases.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.12.2018
Clues to chronic fatigue syndrome in overactive immune response
New research from King's College London finds that an exaggerated immune response can trigger long-lasting fatigue, potentially explaining how chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) begins. The study is the most in-depth biological investigation yet into the role of the immune system in lasting symptoms of fatigue.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.12.2018
A diet rich in cheese in early childhood may protect against allergies
A diet rich in cheese in early childhood may protect against allergies
A study conducted by the University Hospital of Besançon and INRA shows the protective effect of high cheese consumption from a very young age. For the first time, a link has been established between cheese consumption and the probability of developing food or skin allergic diseases, regardless of the consumption of various other foods (vegetables or fruits, cereals, bread, meat, cake and yogurt) and living conditions in a farm environment (presence and diversity of farm animals).

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.12.2018
A diet rich in cheese in early childhood could protect against allergies
A diet rich in cheese in early childhood could protect against allergies
A study conducted by the University Hospital of Besançon and INRA shows the protective effect of high cheese consumption from a very young age. For the first time, a link has been established between cheese consumption and the probability of developing food or skin allergic diseases, regardless of the consumption of various other foods (vegetables or fruits, cereals, bread, meat, cake and yogurt) and living conditions in a farm environment (presence and diversity of farm animals).

Pharmacology - Health - 17.12.2018
Could cancer anti-sickness drug end the misery for IBS patients?
Could a commonly-prescribed anti-sickness drug be the answer for the 1.3 million people in the UK who suffer the pain and misery of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea (IBS-D)? A nationwide clinical trial led by researchers at The University of Nottingham and funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) will assess the medication ondansetron, which is currently used by doctors to help cancer patients cope with the nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery.

Health - Innovation - 17.12.2018
Wound care revolution: Put away your rulers and reach for your phone
Monitoring a wound is critical, especially in diabetic patients, whose lack of sensation due to nerve damage can lead to infection of a lesion and, ultimately, amputation. Clinicians and healthcare professionals at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) and other hospitals believe that the use of a new app, Swift Skin and Wound(TM), which accurately measures and charts the progression of skin wounds, could potentially have a significant impact on clinical management and patient outcomes.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.12.2018
Modelling for New Schistosomiasis Treatment Thresholds
Modelling for New Schistosomiasis Treatment Thresholds
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic worm infection affecting 250 million people globally. The current prevalence thresholds for preventive chemotherapy of intestinal schistosomiasis are based on the Kato-Katz method using stool samples. A new more sensitive point-of-care urine test is now available in particular for settings with low prevalence.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.12.2018
Modelling for New Schistosomiasis Treatment Thresholds
Modelling for New Schistosomiasis Treatment Thresholds
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic worm infection affecting 250 million people globally. The current prevalence thresholds for preventive chemotherapy of intestinal schistosomiasis are based on the Kato-Katz method using stool samples. A new more sensitive point-of-care urine test is now available in particular for settings with low prevalence.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.12.2018
Newly identified enzyme could play key role in childbirth, muscle diseases
Scientists at Stanford have solved a 50-year-old mystery that could open up new areas of research into muscle disorders. The study revealed a human enzyme that modifies muscle proteins to help them grow and remain strong. Facebook Twitter Email Since the 1960s, scientists have known of a modification that occurs to a particular molecule in muscles, especially after exercise.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.12.2018
Pension plan improving mental health in China
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Health - Pharmacology - 14.12.2018
Two generations of alumni celebrate at degree congregation
New recommendations, led by experts at the University of Birmingham, have been published to improve the use of liver blood tests. The recommendations, published in Gut, are aimed at helping healthcare workers diagnose patients with liver disease as well as preventing unnecessary repeat tests for people unlikely to have significant liver disease.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.12.2018
Artificial intelligence-based device detects moving parasites in bodily fluid for easier, earlier diagnosis
Artificial intelligence-based device detects moving parasites in bodily fluid for easier, earlier diagnosis
Science + Technology Developed by UCLA Engineering researchers, system is 'like a motion detector for the microscopic world' Amy Akmal Scientists typically diagnose parasitic infections by scanning bodily fluid samples with optical microscopes. But that conventional approach sometimes doesn't work — for example, if the concentration of parasites in the sample is too low, or if the microscope's imaging capabilities lack the sensitivity to detect disease early on.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2018
Melbourne steps up to drive global health
Melbourne steps up to drive global health
Three of Australia's child health leaders have joined forces to tackle global child health: The Murdoch Children's Research Institute, the Royal Children's Hospital and the University of Melbourne have launched a new initiative, Melbourne Children's Global Health. Melbourne Children's Global Health co-chair Andrew Steer said the creation of Melbourne Children's Global Health would help the three institutes secure research funding, strengthen their standing at international forums, and enable the researchers to better share information and resources.

Health - 14.12.2018
Bisexual women most vulnerable to poor health and wellbeing
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) Australians continue to experience significant disadvantage when it comes to health and wellbeing compared to their heterosexual peers, a University of Queensland study has found. Dr Francisco Perales , of UQ's Institute for Social Science Research , identified bisexual people as being at higher risk of poor outcomes compared to both heterosexual and gay/lesbian people.