news 2018



Results 21 - 40 of 72.

History / Archeology - 26.07.2018
Historian uncovers new evidence of 18th century London’s ’Child Support Agency’
How 18th and 19th century London supported its unmarried mothers and illegitimate children - essentially establishing an earlier version of today's Child Support Agency - is the subject of newly-published research by a Cambridge historian.

History / Archeology - 26.07.2018
Making thread in Bronze Age Britain
Bronze Age Britons spliced plant fibres together to make cloth rather than spinning, a new study has found. The study, published this week in the journal Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences identified that the earliest plant fibre technology for making thread in Early Bronze Age Britain and across Europe and the Near East was splicing not spinning.

History / Archeology - 18.07.2018
Old Theban port of Chalcis : A medieval maritime crossroads in Greece
Old Theban port of Chalcis : A medieval maritime crossroads in Greece
Showcased in museums the world over, Byzantine ceramics are the vestiges of an ancient empire that dominated the Mediterranean region for nearly ten centuries. One CNRS researcher 1 , in cooperation with Greek colleagues 2 , has focused her attention on a widely disseminated style of ceramics called the “main Middle Byzantine Production,” found in all four corners of the Mediterranean.

Agronomy / Food Science - History / Archeology - 16.07.2018
Bread predates agriculture by 4,000 years, discover archaeologists
The charred remains of a flatbread baked by hunter-gatherers over 14,000 years ago has been discovered in north-eastern Jordan by a team of researchers from UCL, University of Copenhagen and University of Cambridge. It is the oldest direct evidence of bread found to date, predating the advent of agriculture by at least 4,000 years.

History / Archeology - 14.07.2018
Gilded mummy mask
Gilded mummy mask
German-Egyptian team presents the latest findings from Saqqara excavations Researchers at the University of Tübingen have discovered a gilded mask on the mummy of a priest in Saqqara, Egypt. It is from the Saite-Persian period (664-404 BCE). The head of the German-Egyptian team, Dr. Ramadan Badry Hussein, reported on Saturday that the mask was found in an extensive tomb complex which Tübingen archaeologists have been investigating since 2016, using the latest methods.

History / Archeology - 12.07.2018
Mystery of the Basel papyrus solved
Mystery of the Basel papyrus solved
Since the 16th century, Basel has been home to a mysterious papyrus. With mirror writing on both sides, it has puzzled generations of researchers. A research team from the University of Basel has now discovered that it is an unknown medical document from late antiquity. The text was likely written by the famous Roman physician Galen.

History / Archeology - Art and Design - 05.07.2018
The Visible Invisible: Q&A with Stephanie Syjuco
The Visible Invisible: Q&A with Stephanie Syjuco
Why is UC Berkeley Assistant Professor Stephanie Syjuco sewing American historical garments - all of them bright green - at her Richmond Field Station art studio while researching Hollywood Civil War movies? She's preparing an eye-catching, thought-provoking exhibit that opens in November at the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, D.C. Berkeley News recently visited with Syjuco, who is internationally known for her large-scale sculptures and installations that combine handcrafting methods with digital technologies and social engagement.

History / Archeology - 04.07.2018
New study questions when the brown bear became extinct in Britain
PA 143/18 New research provides insights into the extinction of Britain's largest native carnivore. The study - ' The Presence of the brown bear in Holocene Britain: a review of the evidence' published in Mammal Review - is the first of its kind to collate and evaluate the evidence for the brown bear in post-Ice Age Britain.

History / Archeology - 03.07.2018
Archaeologists reveal castle’s medieval secrets
Volunteers, students and staff at the Auckland Castle excavation site. Credit: Jamie Sproates, courtesy of The Auckland Project. Medieval mysteries, hidden beneath the grounds of a 900-year-old British castle, have been uncovered during a major archaeological excavation. More than 90 archaeologists, undergraduate and postgraduate students, and volunteers from Durham University and The Auckland Project spent a month peeling back the centuries at Auckland Castle, Bishop Auckland, as part of the latest excavation at the former home of the powerful Prince Bishops of Durham.

History / Archeology - Health - 28.06.2018
Shell shock stories and beyond
The psychological trauma experienced by soldiers during the First World War - and relatives who have been traumatised by researching their family's history of the conflict - will be the focus of a new community engagement project led by academics at the University of Nottingham.

Chemistry - History / Archeology - 27.06.2018
Proof Positive: Craft Beer is a thing of the Past
Proof Positive: Craft Beer is a thing of the Past
University of Glasgow research identifies barley beer in Bronze Age Mesopotamian drinking vessels People living some 3500 years ago in Mesopotamia, which now is modern-day Iraq, enjoyed a pint as much as we do today.

History / Archeology - Event - 21.06.2018
Mysterious 11,000-year-old skull headdresses go on display in Cambridge
Mysterious 11,000-year-old skull headdresses go on display in Cambridge
Three 11,500-year-old deer skull headdresses - excavated from a world-renowned archaeological site in Yorkshire - will go on display, one for the first time, at Cambridge University's Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (MAA) from today. The most mysterious objects found at Star Carr are 33 deer skull headdresses.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
Artificial intelligence reveals authors of anonymous 19th-century texts on evolution
Artificial intelligence reveals authors of anonymous 19th-century texts on evolution
Some anonymously published papers on evolution far predate the publication of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species (1859). With the help of modern AI software, Koen Tanghe (UGent) and Mike Kestemont (UAntwerpen) have revealed the authors of two of these papers. This work may help to foster interest in those early, intriguing publications on evolution, their authors and their possible influence on Charles Darwin.

History / Archeology - 07.06.2018
Forgotten corner of Europe brought back to life thanks to artificial intelligence
Forgotten corner of Europe brought back to life thanks to artificial intelligence
A lost world in a former empire in Europe has been brought to life thanks to University of Bristol researchers who used artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to analyse 47,000 multilingual pages from newspapers dating back to 1873. The study, published in Historical Methods , aimed to discover whether historical changes could be detected from the collective content of local newspapers from the Princely County of Gorizia and Gradisca.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 31.05.2018
First Peoples: two ancient ancestries 'reconverged' with settling of South America
First Peoples: two ancient ancestries ’reconverged’ with settling of South America
New research using ancient DNA finds that a population split after people first arrived in North America was maintained for millennia before mixing again before or during the expansion of humans into the southern continent. The lab-based science should only be a part of the research. We need to work with Indigenous communities in a more holistic way Dr Christiana Scheib Recent research has suggested that the first people to enter the Americas split into two ancestral branches, the northern and southern, and that the "southern branch" gave rise to all populations in Central and South America.

History / Archeology - Economics / Business - 17.05.2018
Ice-core study sheds light on ancient European civilisations
A study published in PNAS offer new insights into how European civilisations and their economies developed over time - finding links between levels of lead pollution trapped in Greenland ice and significant historical events, such as plagues, wars and imperial expansion. Image credit: Shutterstock Oxford University scientists have played a key role in a collaboration studying ice sheets in Greenland, which has shed light on pollution produced by the ancient Greeks and Romans.

History / Archeology - 16.05.2018
Ancient human remains unearthed by ANU archaeologist
To find an intact clay urn buried 4,000 years ago just centimetres beneath the surface is nothing short of a miracle An ANU archaeologist has hailed her excavation of a Bronze Age burial mound in south west England a huge success with the discovery of an intact 4,000 year old human cremation as well as evidence of unaccountable activity from the medieval period on the same site.

Linguistics / Literature - History / Archeology - 09.05.2018
Left unprinted for lack of interest: the largest German dictionary of the 18th century in Basel
Left unprinted for lack of interest: the largest German dictionary of the 18th century in Basel
For 250 years, the extensive set of manuscripts and papers lay unnoticed in the University Library's basement.

History / Archeology - Environment - 04.05.2018
New Research Project on Household Communities of the Living and the Dead in the Neolithic Period
Excavations continue in Ba'ja in the south of present-day Jordan No 089/2018 from May 04, 2018 A new research project based at Freie Universität's Institute of Ancient Near Eastern Archeology is investigating Neolithic households and burial culture at the Ba'ja site in the south of present-day Jordan.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 03.05.2018
Scientists call for ’open-skies’ imagery policy over Israel and Palestine
A 2013 CNES/Airbus satellite image of a new site that could be identified because looting pits over the site are visible on high-resolution satellite imagery. Map data ©2018 Google. New Oxford University research has called for an 'open-skies policy' around the availability of high resolution satellite imagery of Israel and Palestine.