news 2018

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Health - 18.12.2018
California teens who volunteer and engage in civic life are healthier, aim higher in education
Researchers discover gap by race, income between those interested in and those who participate in activity Venetia Lai High school teens in California who volunteer, take part in community aid groups, and join school or other clubs are healthier and more likely to aspire to attending college, according to a study by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.12.2018
Get a warrant: researchers demand better DNA protections
New laws are required to control access to medical genetic data by law enforcement agencies, an analysis by University of Queensland researchers has found. The academics from biology, policy and law say a Genetic Data Protection Act is needed to maintain public trust in medical genetics. UQ's Dr Caitlin Curtis said advances in technology meant genetic tests were increasingly revealing, providing information about health, predisposition to disease, and even behaviour and mental health.

Physics - 18.12.2018
System monitors radiation damage to materials in real-time
System monitors radiation damage to materials in real-time
Facility could rapidly provide data on how material properties change in a nuclear reactor. In order to evaluate a material's ability to withstand the high-radiation environment inside a nuclear reactor, researchers have traditionally used a method known as "cook and look," meaning the material is exposed to high radiation and then removed for a physical examination.

Life Sciences - 17.12.2018
Progress in Super-Resolution Microscopy
Progress in Super-Resolution Microscopy
/2018 Does expansion microscopy deliver true-to-life images of cellular structures' That was not sure yet. A new publication in "Nature Methods" shows for the first time that the method actually works reliably. Immersing deeper and deeper into cells with the microscope. Imaging the nucleus and other structures more and more accurately.

Career - 17.12.2018
Young women prefer family men
Social media are buzzing with hashtags like #hotdaddy and blog posts Ó la 'How to get your husband to help out around the house.' The idea that women are attracted to men who are willing to set aside their career in favour of their family has now also been supported by research conducted by Dr Loes Meussen.

Physics - 17.12.2018
Deep learning takes fluorescence microscopy into super resolution
Deep learning takes fluorescence microscopy into super resolution
Science + Technology UCLA-led team produces images on a laptop that match the quality of those from high-end equipment Wayne Lewis Scientists studying the mysteries of life sometimes rely upon fluorescence microscopy to get a close look at living cells. The technique involves dyeing parts of cells so that they glow under special lighting, revealing cellular structures that measure smaller than one-millionth of a meter.

Environment - Chemistry - 17.12.2018
Carbon Fuels Get Greener for Renewable Energy
Carbon Fuels Get Greener for Renewable Energy
Researchers discover copper has potential as a catalyst for turning carbon dioxide into sustainable chemicals and fuels without any wasteful byproducts, creating a green alternative to present-day chemical manufacturing For decades, scientists have searched for effective ways to remove excess carbon dioxide emissions from the air, and recycle them into products such as renewable fuels.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 17.12.2018
Machine learning-detected signal predicts time to earthquake
Machine learning-detected signal predicts time to earthquake
Researchers applied machine learning to analyze Cascadia data and discovered the megathrust broadcasts a constant tremor, a fingerprint of the fault's displacement. Cascadia's behavior was buried in the data. Until machine learning revealed precise patterns, we all discarded the continuous signal as noise, but it was full of rich information.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.12.2018
Measuring speed of mental replay of movies reveals new insights into how we access memories
Technology from the LHC's ATLAS experiment to be used in cancer detection and treatment at UK's first high energy proton beam therapy centre Technology from the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) - where the Higgs Boson was discovered - will be used in hospitals to improve cancer treatments that employ proton beam therapy.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 17.12.2018
New AI system developed at UCLA, Stanford mimics how humans visualize and identify objects
New AI system developed at UCLA, Stanford mimics how humans visualize and identify objects
UCLA and Stanford University engineers have demonstrated a computer system that can discover and identify the real-world objects it "sees" based on the same method of visual learning that humans use. The system is an advance in a type of technology called "computer vision," which enables computers to read and identify visual images.

Paleontology - Earth Sciences - 17.12.2018
New discovery pushes origin of feathers back by 70 million years
New discovery pushes origin of feathers back by 70 million years
An international team of palaeontologists, which includes the University of Bristol, has discovered that the flying reptiles, pterosaurs, actually had four kinds of feathers, and these are shared with dinosaurs - pushing back the origin of feathers by some 70 million years. Pterosaurs are the flying reptiles that lived side by side with dinosaurs, 230 to 66 million years ago.

Health - 17.12.2018
Are Fitbits the answer to nurse fatigue?
For News Media Millions of individuals already use tiny fitness trackers to prompt physical activity in hopes of improving their health. Now a UW-Madison School of Nursing professor is taking them a step further by using them to track nurse movement in hospitals. The hope is to uncover important data about what causes fatigue in the work environment and what health systems can do to minimize its impact not only on nurses but on patients as well.

Innovation - 17.12.2018
UW Evans School study of Fauntleroy ferry service proposes improvements to technology, engagement
Suggested upgrades to technology, training and communication - and funding them appropriately - lie at the heart of recommendations to the state from researchers at the University of Washington after a months-long study of service at the Fauntleroy Ferry Terminal in West Seattle. They also suggest: Ramp up the ferries' social media presence and other public engagement efforts, use "Good to Go!” tolling technology and expand mobile transactions to improve ticketing and loading processes.

Politics - Psychology - 17.12.2018
How a workshop about getting along became a story stoking division
How a workshop about getting along became a story stoking division
It was a small study, really - the seed of research to examine political beliefs among college students and the bridging of partisan divides. Noting that conservative students in particular, might feel isolated on campus, in 2017 the University of Washington's Jonathan Kanter and his students designed a half-day workshop to help a couple dozen participants understand each other better, then followed up a month later to see how their opinions about political "others" had changed, if at all.

Computer Science - 17.12.2018
Artificial intelligence for better computer graphics
Artificial intelligence for better computer graphics
[ Florian Aigner At the TU Wien (Vienna), neural networks have been developed which make it much easier to create photorealistic pictures of a wide variety of materials. If computer-generated images are to look realistic, different materials have to be presented differently: The metallic sheen of a coin looks quite different from the dull gloss of a wooden plate or the slightly transparent skin of a grape.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.12.2018
New Avenue of Investigation for Cancer Therapy Discovered at Carnegie Mellon Qatar
Project inspires CMU-Q alumnus to pursue career in cancer research A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar (CMU-Q) has discovered a new area of research that could lead to more effective cancer treatment with fewer side effects. Ihab Younis, assistant professor of biological sciences, and Ettaib El Marabti, a 2017 graduate of CMU-Q's Biological Sciences Program , have revealed that the cellular mechanism called minor intron splicing is different in cancer cells than in normal cells.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 17.12.2018
Mapping the brain, cell by cell
Mapping the brain, cell by cell
Technique for preserving tissue allows researchers to create maps of neural circuits with single-cell resolution. MIT chemical engineers and neuroscientists have devised a new way to preserve biological tissue, allowing them to visualize proteins, DNA, and other molecules within cells, and to map the connections between neurons.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.12.2018
Discovery of novel mechanisms that cause migraines
Discovery of novel mechanisms that cause migraines
PARIS, 17 december 2018 Researchers at CNRS, UniversitÚ C˘te d'Azur and Inserm have demonstrated a new mechanism related to the onset of migraine. In fact, they found how a mutation, causes dysfunction in a protein which inhibits neuronal electrical activity, induces migraines. These results, published in Neuron on December 17, 2018, open a new path for the development of anti-migraine medicines.

Environment - 17.12.2018
Drones can detect protected nightjar nests
Thermal-sensing cameras mounted on drones may offer a safer and more cost-effective way to locate nests of the elusive European nightjar in forestry work and construction areas, finds new research by Cardiff University. The team from the University's School of Biosciences conducted a pilot study in Bryn, a Natural Resources Wales conifer plantation in South Wales, to test the suitability of drones to detect nest sites of the protected bird.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.12.2018
How liquid droplets grow in cells
How liquid droplets grow in cells
For more than 100 years, biologists have known that cells contain various kinds of membraneless organelles and conjectured what organizing principles underlie them. During the past decade, liquid-liquid phase separation has emerged as one of the concepts that can explain these cellular structures. Phase separation has become an increasingly hot topic, as it can be related to pathologies such as neurodegenerative diseases.