news 2018



Results 41 - 60 of 96.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 21.08.2018
New research sheds light on why suicide is more common in autistic people
People who hide their autism by 'camouflaging' to try to fit into society, or who don't receive correct support are at higher risk of suicide, according to new research. Researchers from the University of Nottingham's School of Psychology and the Universities of Coventry and Cambridge worked closely with a group of autistic people who had experienced mental health problems, self-injury or thoughts of ending life, to design a new innovative study that has just been published in the journal Molecular Autism.

Health - Psychology - 20.08.2018
A depressed spouse may increase one’s own cognitive decline, study finds
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Life Sciences - Psychology - 16.08.2018
Men and women show surprising differences in seeing motion
Men and women show surprising differences in seeing motion
Administrative affairs Arts and entertainment Buildings and grounds For UW employees Health and medicine Honors and awards Official notices Politics and government UW and the community Humans' ability to notice moving objects has always been a useful skill, from avoiding an animal predator in ancient times to crossing a busy street in the modern world.

Health - Psychology - 14.08.2018
Illicit cannabis used for pain, mental health, sleep conditions
Australians who used illicit cannabis for medical reasons did so mainly to treat chronic pain, mental health, sleep and neurological conditions like epilepsy or seizure disorders, a new report shows A survey of 1,744 Australians funded by the University of Sydney's  Lambert Initiative for Cannabinoid Therapeutics  used a cross-sectional online survey of individuals self-reporting the use of cannabis for therapeutic reasons within 12 months.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 13.08.2018
Cycling is the healthiest way to get around cities
Cycling has been found to bring both the best physical and mental health benefits in a study carried out in seven European cities. People who cycled in cities were found to have better self-perceived general health, better mental health, greater vitality, lower self-perceived stress and fewer feelings of loneliness.

Philosophy - Psychology - 09.08.2018
When moral outrage goes viral, it can come across as bullying, Stanford study finds
Stanford psychologists find that when online comments pile up against an individual's questionable behavior, people are more likely to see it as bullying and start to feel sympathy for the offender. Stanford psychologists find that while individual comments against offensive behavior on social media are seen as admirable, when comments multiply they may lead to greater sympathy for the offender.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 09.08.2018
Neuroscientists get at the roots of pessimism
Neuroscientists get at the roots of pessimism
Stimulating the brain's caudate nucleus generates a negative outlook that clouds decision-making. Many patients with neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety or depression experience negative moods that lead them to focus on the possible downside of a given situation more than the potential benefit.

Psychology - Sport - 08.08.2018
Mom still matters, UCLA psychologists report
Mom still matters, UCLA psychologists report
If you're a parent who feels your college-age children would choose their friends over you, a new UCLA psychology study has a reassuring message: You're probably underestimating their loyalty to you. The psychologists demonstrated for the first time that when forced to make a decision that benefits either a parent or a close friend, young adults are more likely to choose the parent.

Physics - Psychology - 07.08.2018
A video game can change the brain, may improve empathy in middle schoolers
A space-exploring robot crashes on a distant planet. In order to gather the pieces of its damaged spaceship, it needs to build emotional rapport with the local alien inhabitants. The aliens speak a different language but their facial expressions are remarkably humanlike. This fantastical scenario is the premise of a video game developed for middle schoolers by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers to study whether video games can boost kids' empathy, and to understand how learning such skills can change neural connections in the brain.

Health - Psychology - 07.08.2018
Studying ICU Teams Could Lead to Improved Patient Outcomes
Effective teamwork is a goal of any workplace. But few settings offer higher stakes than the fast-paced, life-or-death environment of a hospital's intensive care unit. Taya Cohen Team collaboration in ICUs is an area ripe for exploration, according to a review co-authored by Carnegie Mellon University's Taya Cohen , associate professor of organizational behavior and theory and the Carnegie Bosch Junior Faculty Chair, and Laurie Weingart , interim provost and the Richard M. and Margaret S. Cyert Professor of Organizational Behavior and Theory.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 06.08.2018
Learning while sleeping has limitations
Learning while sleeping has limitations
A group of researchers found that our learning capabilities are limited during slow wave sleep. Using magnetoencephalography (MEG), they showed that while our brain is still able to perceive sounds during sleep, it is unable to group these sounds according to their organisation in a sequence. Hypnopedia, or the ability to learn during sleep, was popularized in the '60s, with for example the dystopia Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, in which individuals are conditioned to their future tasks during sleep.

Psychology - Physics - 05.08.2018
Texts and tablets more than double time parents spend reading to kids
The Behavioral Insights and Parenting Lab at the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy recently published in The Journal of Human Resources results from a study showing that using text messages to help parents set goals for reading to their children and to remind parents of their goals can double the amount of time that parents of Head Start children spend reading to their children using a digital library.

Psychology - 02.08.2018
Psychopaths struggle to recognise genuine emotion
Psychopaths struggle to recognise genuine emotion
New research from The Australian National University (ANU) has found people with high levels of psychopathic traits have difficulty telling when someone is genuinely afraid or upset, based on people's facial expressions. The study involved participants looking at photographs of faces expressing different emotions.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 25.07.2018
Ability to identify genuine laughter transcends culture, UCLA-led study finds
Ability to identify genuine laughter transcends culture, UCLA-led study finds
People across cultures and continents are largely able to tell the difference between a fake laugh and a real one, according to a new study by UCLA communication researcher Greg Bryant. For almost a decade, Bryant, a professor of communication in the UCLA College , has studied the nature of laughter — and what it reveals about the evolution of human communication and cooperation.

Psychology - 18.07.2018
An aerial, as opposed to ground-level, view of time
An aerial, as opposed to ground-level, view of time
Do today and yesterday and tomorrow loom large in your thinking, with the more distant past and future barely visible on the horizon? That's not unusual in today's time-pressed world — and it seems a recipe for angst. Suppose, instead, you looked down on your life, or at least your calendar, from high overhead; and all your days, future and past, were equally visible and real to you, sort of like the sketches above.

Health - Psychology - 12.07.2018
Parental controls do not stop teens from seeing pornography
A study published in The Lancet Psychiatry  provides first evidence that psychological therapy can be successfully delivered in virtual reality (VR). Fear of heights is a significant problem for one in five people at some point in their lives, and most never receive treatment. Although VR has been used in the past for phobias, it has always required a therapist to guide the user through the treatment.

Health - Psychology - 10.07.2018
Could mental health apps lead to overdiagnosis?
Mental health app marketing commonly presents mental health problems as ubiquitous and individuals as responsible for mental wellbeing; overdiagnosis and denial of the social factors related to mental health could result. There are tens of thousands of commercially available mental health apps on the market, many hugely popular.

Health - Psychology - 09.07.2018
Parents who had severe stresses, trauma in childhood more likely to have kids with behavioral health problems
A new study finds that severe childhood trauma and stresses early in parents' lives are linked to higher rates of behavioral health problems in their own children. The types of childhood hardships included divorce or separation of parents, death of or estrangement from a parent, emotional, physical or sexual abuse, witnessing violence in the home, exposure to substance abuse in the household or parental mental illness.

Career - Psychology - 06.07.2018
How emotions may result in hiring, workplace bias
Stanford study suggests that the emotions American employers are looking for in job candidates may not match up with emotions valued by jobseekers from some cultural backgrounds - potentially leading to hiring bias. Job applicants who want to appear calm and collected might be at a disadvantage. According to a new Stanford study, American employers are more likely to favor excited over relaxed candidates.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 26.06.2018
The psychological impact of early life stress and parental separation
Stanford psychologist Ian H. Gotlib discusses the psychological effects of early-life stress and parental separation. Gotlib's research has shown that children need their parents for their own emotional well-being. In recent months, more than 2,000 migrant children have been separated from their families at the United States/Mexico border.