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Results 101 - 120 of 150.


Social Sciences - Health - 23.04.2018
Suicide and homicide rates show large racial disparities across U.S. states
Southern and Western states have the highest rates of white firearm suicide, while Midwestern states have highest rates of black firearm homicide, according to new research from McGill University. The findings place a spotlight on states where firearm policies may help reduce homicide and suicide rates.

Social Sciences - 18.04.2018
Research leads to greener and more productive EU
A sense of wellbeing and a thriving community is key to a happy neighbourhood according to housing researchers, who looked at the relationship between the experience of the home and wellbeing. The study led by the Centre on Household Assets and Savings Management based at the Universities of Birmingham and Manchester and funded by VIVID homes, examined a mix of social renters compared to, shared owners and owner occupiers.

Health - Social Sciences - 17.04.2018
Diagnosing, treating neuropathy symptoms in cancer patients not exact science
ANN ARBOR-Most of the roughly 15.5 million cancer survivors in the U.S. receive chemotherapy, and roughly 65 percent develop some degree of the chemotherapy-induced nerve damage known as peripheral neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy simply means nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord are affected, and symptoms include numbness and tingling in extremities, and in about 30 percent of patients, pain.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 16.04.2018
'Cognitive flexibility' associated with voting attitudes in EU Referendum, study finds
’Cognitive flexibility’ associated with voting attitudes in EU Referendum, study finds
Latest research combining social and political surveys with objective cognitive testing suggests that "cognitive flexibility" contributes to formation of ideology. The study finds correlations between cognitive thinking styles and support for Brexit.

Environment - Social Sciences - 16.04.2018
Identifying deficiencies in transboundary water protection
Identifying deficiencies in transboundary water protection
What is the contribution of upstream areas to micropollutant loads in the Rhine at Basel and Düsseldorf? How effectively do authorities and water suppliers collaborate on management and regulation across national boundaries' An interdisciplinary approach developed by Eawag scientists can help to identify deficiencies.

Social Sciences - Health - 12.04.2018
Social isolation puts elderly at health risk
ANN ARBOR-One in five elderly adults is socially isolated from family or friends, increasing their risks for poor mental and physical health, as well as higher rates of mortality, according to a University of Michigan study. U-M researchers investigated several factors impacting social isolation from family and friends within a national sample of more than 1,300 older African-Americans, black Caribbeans and whites.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.04.2018
Tobacco smoking - not long-term marijuana use - associated with build-up of plaques in heart arteries
Tobacco smoking - not long-term marijuana use - associated with build-up of plaques in heart arteries
Tobacco smoking, but not marijuana use over time, was associated with plaque build-up in heart arteries in a study that followed men and women for over 25 years, according to a study led by the University of Bern. "We knew the effect of tobacco smoke, but not of marijuana smoke on subclinical plaque build-up in heart arteries (a marker of future heart attacks).

Social Sciences - 05.04.2018
Friends of friends reveal our hidden online traits
Our online friends generally reflect our age, race or political views, but some traits, notably gender, have been easier to hide online - until Stanford researchers realized that our friends' friends give our gender secrets away. At a time when social network privacy - or the lack of it - is headline news, two Stanford researchers have some sobering findings about how personal data is becoming increasingly difficult to hide if we have any public presence online.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 05.04.2018
WW1 Prisoner of War letters published 100 years after being written
WW1 Prisoner of War letters published 100 years after being written
The letters speak of love, longing, worry and war. A prisoner of war and his family writing to each other to ease the pain of separation during the First World War. Now seven months of correspondence, between Professor Archibald Allan Bowman and his wife Mabel, will be published by the University of Glasgow on the centenary of the day they were first written.

Physics - Social Sciences - 03.04.2018
Researchers develop infrared-based system to read body language
Researchers develop infrared-based system to read body language
Infrared sensors and a marshmallow offer researchers a new way to monitor and assess social interaction. The ability to use invisible light to determine someone's role and attitude in social settings has powerful implications for individuals and organisations that are concerned about how they communicate.

Health - Social Sciences - 02.04.2018
Wealth loss after 50 can be deadly
ANN ARBOR-A sudden loss of wealth in middle or old age can be financially devastating-and fatal. According to a University of Michigan study, adults in their 50s and older who suffer a catastrophic loss of wealth have a 50-percent higher risk of dying than those who do not have such loss. The effect can last for two decades, and whether participants are very wealthy or have only modest savings makes no difference.

Politics - Social Sciences - 29.03.2018
Biracial youth’s political views, self-identification examined
With the mixed-race population rapidly increasing in the United States, Stanford political scientist Lauren Davenport says it's important to figure out what factors shape this group's political attitudes and self-identification. Biracial youth who identify with the races of both of their parents tend to be more socially progressive and liberal than their peers who are of a single racial background, according to new research from a Stanford political scientist.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.03.2018
Excessive male hormones leave women with polycystic ovary syndrome at double the risk of liver disease
University of Birmingham researchers are investigating the health risks faced by Rwandan families cooking on traditional charcoal-fired stoves. A new study looks at health impact on mothers and their children of household air pollution associated with biomass fuel cooking - which is common in homes across the country.

Social Sciences - 28.03.2018
Quitting Facebook can reduce stress
There may be more benefits to deleting your Facebook account than just protecting your private data - it could also reduce your stress levels. A University of Queensland research team led by Dr Eric Vanman of the School of Psychology , investigated the effects of a short break from Facebook on a person's stress and well-being.

Social Sciences - Continuing Education - 27.03.2018
Grammar schools could be damaging to social mobility
Grammar schools could be damaging to social mobility
Grammar schools are no better or worse than non-selective state schools in terms of attainment, but can be damaging to social mobility, according to new research by Durham University. The researchers say a policy of increasing selection within the schools system is dangerous for equality in society.

Social Sciences - 26.03.2018
The Value of Foodbanks Extends Well Beyond the Food
The value of foodbanks goes well beyond the food they provide, offering social contact and a safe place where users find care, dignity and respect, according to new research released today by the University of Glasgow. Conducted by the University's GoWell Programme, the research examined the scale of food bank use in 15 communities in Glasgow, each of which lie within the 15% most deprived in Scotland.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2018
New findings on marijuana use among young men
The social fabrics of their neighborhoods, including friendships and ideas about masculinity, have a powerful impact on marijuana use among young minority men, a new Yale School of Public Health study finds. The research led by Tamara Taggart, Ph.D.

Social Sciences - 21.03.2018
Children in lower social classes are up to 5kg heavier than more advantaged peers, new study finds
Children in lower social classes are up to 5kg heavier than more advantaged peers, new study finds
Disadvantaged children born at the start of the 21st century weighed up to 5kg more in their childhood and early teenage years than those from more privileged backgrounds, a new UCL study has found. However, in previous generations lower social class was associated with lower childhood and adolescent weight.

Social Sciences - 16.03.2018
People are willing to pay to curate their online social image
People are willing to pay to curate their online social image
Social media provides a new environment that makes it possible to carefully edit the image you want to project of yourself. A study from Lund University in Sweden suggests that many people are prepared to pay to "filter out" unfavorable information. Economists Håkan Holm and Margaret Samahita have investigated how we curate our social image on the web using game theory.

Law - Social Sciences - 09.03.2018
More vulnerable male adults are victims of forced marriage than previously thought
38/18 A higher number of men with learning disabilities are victims of forced marriage than previously thought, suggesting that better education and training is needed to recognise those at risk. This was just one of the findings of the new study - ' My Marriage, My Choice' which shows that there appears to have been a reversal in trends related to gender, with more cases of men with learning disabilities now being reported than those of women.