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Results 141 - 150 of 150.


Social Sciences - Health - 18.01.2018
Flawed research methods exaggerate the prevalence of depression
A new study concludes that researchers commonly over-estimate the prevalence of depression by using self-report screening tools not meant to diagnose depression An over-reliance on self-report screening questionnaires, wherein patients essentially define their own condition, in place of diagnostic interviews conducted by a health care professional, has resulted in over-estimation of the prevalence of people with depression in many research studies - often by a factor of two to three times.

Social Sciences - Civil Engineering - 17.01.2018
Location plays critical role in assimilation of U.S. immigrants
Research from the University of Chicago finds immigrant populations within the United States assimilate in different ways, with demographics and geography playing critical roles, according to a study by Angela S. García, a sociologist and assistant professor at the University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration.

Social Sciences - 17.01.2018
Low-income immigrants face barriers to U.S. citizenship
New research shows that lowering application fees for naturalization could help more U.S. immigrants gain the benefits of citizenship. Immigrants who want to become U.S. citizens face barriers from the high cost of the naturalization application, according to a new Stanford study.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 16.01.2018
Can being too social take years off your life?
Can being too social take years off your life?
Large ground squirrels called yellow-bellied marmots live much longer, on average, if they are less social and more isolated than if they are more social and less isolated, a UCLA-led long-term study has found. A team of biologists studied 66 adult female marmots from 2002 to 2015 at the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory in western Colorado.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 12.01.2018
Friends’ genes may help friends stay in school
While there's scientific evidence to suggest that your genes have something to do with how far you'll go in school, new research by a team from Stanford and elsewhere says the DNA of your classmates also plays a role. "We examined whether the genes of your peer groups influenced your height, weight or educational attainment.

Social Sciences - Health - 10.01.2018
Suicides by drugs in U.S. are undercounted, new study suggests
The rate of suicides by drug intoxication in the United States may be vastly underreported and misclassified, according to a new study co-written by Mark Kaplan , professor of social welfare at the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs. The study was published online Jan. 10 in the journal PLOS ONE. The researchers report that the drug suicide rate in the United States rose nearly one-quarter (24 percent) between 2000 and 2016, and the accidental opioid and other drug intoxication death rate increased by 312 percent.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.01.2018
Heart health at risk for Latinas worried about deportation
A recent study conducted by researchers at UC San Francisco and UC Berkeley's Center for Environmental Research and Children's Health ( CERCH ) found that worry about deportation was associated with multiple cardiovascular health risk factors in Latinas from California's Salinas Valley, home to many immigrants.

Social Sciences - Administration - 09.01.2018
Calls for Government to limit 'collateral damage' caused to families by immigration enforcement
Calls for Government to limit ’collateral damage’ caused to families by immigration enforcement
Political pledges to reduce immigration are splitting up families, according to new research which urges the Government to revise its policies in order to reduce 'collateral damage' inflicted on partners and children. In the first study of its kind, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), researchers at the University of Bristol explored how a precarious immigration status impacts on family life.

Social Sciences - 08.01.2018
Researchers call for true picture of domestic violent crime
Researchers call for true picture of domestic violent crime
Violence against women could become significantly less visible in police-recorded crime figures when a new counting method comes into effect, warn researchers at Lancaster University. Plans for Home Office Counting Rules to count coercive and controlling behaviour as 'non-injurious violent crime' capped at one crime per victim - even though statistics show one in 20 victims can experience more than 10 domestic violence crimes a year - will mask the true extent of the problem.

Social Sciences - 03.01.2018
Study investigates impact of lions living alongside giraffe populations
Study investigates impact of lions living alongside giraffe populations
New research from the University of Bristol is calling for an urgent review into how populations of giraffes are managed in the wild when living alongside lions. It is commonly accepted that lions are the only predators to pose a risk to giraffes on an individual basis but there has never been a study to investigate how the presence of lions impacts on the population as a whole.