news 2018


Social Sciences

Results 61 - 80 of 150.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 20.07.2018
Young people who frequently argue with their parents are better citizens, research finds
Teenagers who regularly clash with their parents are more likely to have given time to a charity or humanitarian cause, a study has shown. The survey of 13 and 14 year-olds carried out by academics at Cardiff University, showed those who argued "a lot" with their mother and father, compared to those who "never" argued, were also more likely to have been involved with a human rights organisation in the past 12 months and to have contacted a politician or signed a petition.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 19.07.2018
Mobile Phone Radiation may Affect Memory Performance in Adolescents
Mobile Phone Radiation may Affect Memory Performance in Adolescents
Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields may have adverse effects on the development of memory performance of specific brain regions exposed during mobile phone use. These are the findings of a study involving nearly 700 adolescents in Switzerland. The investigation, led by the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), will be published on Monday, 23 July 2018 in the peer-reviewed journal Environmental Health Perspectives.

Sport - Social Sciences - 18.07.2018
Playing football boosts girls’ confidence
A study by scientists from the University of Birmingham has found that teenage girls who play football have higher levels of self-confidence than those who play other sports. The study, which is the largest of its kind to date, was led by the University of Birmingham with colleagues from five other countries for the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA).

Social Sciences - 17.07.2018
Suicide must not appear to be the only escape for some victims of abuse, warns new study
In one of the largest studies of its kind, and the first in the UK, experts from Refuge and the University of Warwick School of Law looked at the experiences of more than 3500 of Refuge's clients with the aim of informing policy and practice in relation to victims of abuse who are at an increased risk of suicide.

Innovation - Social Sciences - 13.07.2018
One dose of aspirin doesn't fit all
One dose of aspirin doesn’t fit all
The struggle to shape the experiences young people have online is now part of modern parenthood. As children and teenagers spend increasing amounts of time online, a significant share of parents and guardians now use Internet filtering tools (such as parental controls) to protect their children from accessing sexual material online.

Health - Social Sciences - 12.07.2018
Nature is proving to be awesome medicine for PTSD
Nature is proving to be awesome medicine for PTSD
The awe we feel in nature can dramatically reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, according to UC Berkeley research that tracked psychological and physiological changes in war veterans and at-risk inner-city youth during white-water rafting trips. Psychologists tested nature's healing powers on 72 military veterans and, separately, on 52 teens from underserved Bay Area communities during and after dozens of oneand two-day rafting excursions along the South Fork of the American River in California.

Social Sciences - 12.07.2018
UCL statement on Tier 4 visa monitoring
In response to an incorrect and unauthorised email that was sent to some staff in one department regarding UCL's policy on monitoring of Tier 4 students, a UCL spokesperson said: "Fines for non-compliance with Tier 4 monitoring is not UCL policy. The communication was issued in error by a member of staff and has been retracted with an apology.

Social Sciences - Sport - 26.06.2018
Citizen scientists capture penguin breeding dynamics
As World Cup fever sets in, increased hooliganism and football related violence are legitimate international concerns. Previous research has linked sports-related hooliganism to 'social maladjustment' e.g. previous episodes of violence or dysfunctional behaviour at home, work or school etc.

Social Sciences - Sport - 22.06.2018
Social bonding key cause of football violence
As World Cup fever sets in, increased hooliganism and football related violence are legitimate international concerns. Previous research has linked sports-related hooliganism to 'social maladjustment' e.g. previous episodes of violence or dysfunctional behaviour at home, work or school etc.

Social Sciences - 20.06.2018
Is it their own fault'! How people judge the exclusion of others
Is it their own fault’! How people judge the exclusion of others
The way people view the social exclusion of others varies - depending on how much they think the excluded person is to blame. However, this is heavily influenced by how similar the group members are to each other, as a research team from the University of Basel writes in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Law - Social Sciences - 19.06.2018
Changing the law to protect victims of upskirting
Changing the law to protect victims of upskirting
Professor Clare McGlynn of Durham Law School tells how her research has helped to shape a law on upskirting and why more comprehensive legislation is needed to protect victims from all image-based sexual abuse. Moves to legislate against upskirting - the act of secretly taking a photograph under a victim's skirt - hit the headlines when a planned law to criminalise the act stalled in Parliament.

Health - Social Sciences - 18.06.2018
Everything big data claims to know about you could be wrong
Everything big data claims to know about you could be wrong
When it comes to understanding what makes people tick - and get sick - medical science has long assumed that the bigger the sample of human subjects, the better. But new research led by UC Berkeley suggests this big-data approach may be wildly off the mark. That's largely because emotions, behavior and physiology vary markedly from one person to the next and one moment to the next.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 15.06.2018
Migrant children less obese due to absent grandmothers - study
Children of migrants to Chinese cities have lower rates of obesity than youngsters in more affluent established urban families - probably because their grandparents are not around to over-feed them, a new study has found. Fewer opportunities for unhealthy snacking and less pressure for academic achievement, leading to more active play, also contribute to migrant children's lower obesity rates.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 15.06.2018
To share or not to share?
To share or not to share?
When are primary school children willing to share valuable resources with others and when are they not? A team of researchers from the University of Vienna lead by cognitive biologist Lisa Horn investigated this question in a controlled behavioural experiment. The motivation to share seems to be influenced by group dynamical and physiological factors, whereas friendship between the children seems to be largely irrelevant.

Social Sciences - 15.06.2018
Chinese research leaders visit Birmingham to meet potential partners
Researchers from the University of Birmingham, University of Tübingen and University of St. Andrews have suggested that gorillas are capable of learning food cleaning behaviours without having to witness it in others first. Though the authors acknowledge that general purpose social learning between individuals can help to increase the behaviour in frequency, their study of captive gorillas - who haven't crossed paths with those who are already known to show the behaviour - shows that food cleaning can be reinnovated spontaneously.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 13.06.2018
What does it mean to be moved by love?
What does it mean to be moved by love?
UCLA and University of Oslo researchers define the sensations associated with the emotion of 'kama muta' Jessica Wolf Researchers from UCLA and the University of Oslo have documented a complex but universally felt emotion they call kama muta — a Sanskrit term that means "moved by love." For the past five years they have documented the physical sensations people report when they feel kama muta, and what kind of events, images and experiences bring it about.

Health - Social Sciences - 13.06.2018
Healthcare professionals get new guidance on how to talk to people living with dementia
Experts at the University of Nottingham have developed a new training course for healthcare professionals to help them communicate more effectively with patients living with dementia. Around one-quarter of hospital beds are occupied by people with dementia, many of whom have problems communicating and often don't understand the requests being asked of them.

Social Sciences - Health - 11.06.2018
Vital research into incurable lung condition affecting millions to take place in Birmingham
University of Birmingham Chartered Physiotherapist Dr Melrose Stewart will return to our TV screens in a new series of Channel 4's 'Old People's Home for 4 Year Olds'. It follows the success of the first series of the BAFTA-nominated TV show in 2017, which brought together the very young and the very old for a six-week period to attempt to prove in a social experiment that these two generations can transform the physical, social and emotional well-being of the older volunteers for the better.

Social Sciences - 07.06.2018
Bad news becomes hysteria in crowds, new research shows
News stories about potential threats become more negative, inaccurate and hysterical when passed from person to person - new University of Warwick research finds Even drawing the public's attention to balanced, neutral facts does not calm this hysteria "The more people share information, the more negative it becomes, the further it gets from the facts, and the more resistant it becomes to correction" - Professor Thomas Hills News stories about t

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 07.06.2018
Individual "Names" Reveal Complex Relationships in Male Bottlenose Dolphins
Male bottlenose dolphins retain their individual 'names' well into adulthood. Similar to humans, this plays a central role in forming and maintaining complex social relationships, recent findings carried out by researchers at the universities of Zurich and Western Australia suggest. Dolphins form long-lasting alliances in which they give each other mutual support.