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Results 21 - 40 of 1280.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.05.2019
’Smart’ insulin could prevent hypoglycemia during diabetes treatment
UCLA bioengineers and their colleagues have developed a new type of insulin that could help prevent hypoglycemia in people who use the drug to manage diabetes. The treatment is being evaluated for potential clinical trials and, if successful, could change diabetes care. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Life Sciences - 16.05.2019
Reveals role of neonatal brain cells in early bonding in mammals
What drives the social bond between offspring and caregivers in the first few days of life? A Yale-led team of researchers has found clues in specific neurons in the brains of neonatal mice that are associated with feeding. The neurons, known as Agrp, regulate feeding behavior in adult mammals, but it was not clear what role they played in early development.

Environment - 16.05.2019
The air we breathe
The air we breathe
16 May 2019 Air pollution is a global environmental health problem, especially for those living in urban areas. Not only does it negatively impact our ecosystems, it considerably affects our health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around 8 million premature deaths per year are linked to air pollution, more than double of previous estimates.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.05.2019
Cooling baby treatment one of ‘Nation's Lifesavers'
Cooling baby treatment one of ‘Nation’s Lifesavers’
A University of Bristol researcher who discovered that cooling babies who have suffered a lack of oxygen at birth improves their survival without brain damage in later childhood, is named by Universities UK as one of the 'Nation's Lifesavers'. One in 1,000 babies born at full term in the UK suffer brain injury as a result of being severely deprived of oxygen.

History / Archeology - Chemistry - 16.05.2019
Reveals what was on the menu for medieval peasants
Scientists from the University of Bristol have uncovered, for the first time, definitive evidence that determines what types of food medieval peasants ate and how they managed their animals. Using chemical analysis of pottery fragments and animal bones found at one of England's earliest medieval villages, combined with detailed examination of a range of historical documents and accounts, the research has revealed the daily diet of peasants in the Middle Ages.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.05.2019
UC San Diego Ranked Ninth in World in Biomedical Sciences
Nature Index also cited UC San Diego sixth among US academic institutions and UC San Diego Health Sciences seventh among health care institutions in 2019 In its first-ever assessment of biomedical institutions around the world, based upon published research in a targeted set of high-quality scientific journals, the 2019 Nature Index ranked University of California San Diego ninth among the top 200 institutions in biomedical sciences worldwide.

Innovation / Technology - 16.05.2019
Children describe technology that gives them a sense of ambiguity as 'creepy'
Children describe technology that gives them a sense of ambiguity as ’creepy’
Many parents express concerns about privacy and online safety in technology designed for their children. But we know much less about what children themselves find concerning in emerging technologies. Now University of Washington researchers have defined for the first time what children mean when they say technology is "creepy.” Kids in a new study described creepy technology as something that is unpredictable or poses an ambiguous threat that might cause physical harm or threaten an important relationship.

Life Sciences - 16.05.2019
Breakthrough Technique for Studying Gene Expression Takes Root in Plants
Berkeley Lab scientists adapt open-source genetic analysis method for use in plant cells for the first time Researcher Christine Shulse tends to Arabidopsis plants in a lab at the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI). (Photo credit: Marilyn Chung/Berkeley Lab) An open-source RNA analysis platform has been successfully used on plant cells for the first time - an advance that could herald a new era of fundamental research and bolster efforts to engineer more efficient food and biofuel crop plants.

Health - Transport - 16.05.2019
Particles from aircraft engines affect airways
Particles from aircraft engines affect airways
In a unique experimental setup, Swiss researchers have investigated the effect of exhaust particles from aircraft turbine engines on human lung cells. The cells reacted most strongly to particles emitted during ground idling. The study also showed that the cytotoxic effect is only to some extent comparable to that of particles from gasoline and diesel engines.

Physics - Transport - 16.05.2019
Particulate matter from aircraft engines affects airways
In a unique, innovative experiment, researchers under the leadership of the University of Bern have investigated the effect of exhaust particles from aircraft turbine engines on human lung cells. The cells reacted most strongly to particles emitted during ground idling. It was also shown that the cytotoxic effect is only to some extent comparable to that of particles from gasoline and diesel engines.

Materials Science - 16.05.2019
’A Day in the Light’ Videos Highlight How Scientists Use Light in Experiments
In recognition of the International Day of Light ( @IDL2019 ) on May 16, the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( Berkeley Lab ) is highlighting how scientists use light in laboratory experiments. From nanolasers and X-ray beams to artificial photosynthesis and optical electronics, Berkeley Lab researchers tap into light's many properties to drive a range of innovative R&D.

Health - 16.05.2019
Provost named among Nation's Lifesavers
Provost named among Nation’s Lifesavers
A researcher from the University of Sussex has today been recognised for his exceptional contribution to the nation's wellbeing. Professor Saul Becker , the University's Provost and world-leading expert in young carers has been named one of the Nation's Lifesavers - the top 100 individuals or groups based in universities whose work is saving lives and making a life-changing difference to our health and wellbeing.

Earth Sciences - Chemistry - 16.05.2019
Geologists discover previously unknown region of the Earth's mantle
Geologists discover previously unknown region of the Earth’s mantle
The Bermuda Islands - a very special terrain in the middle of the western Atlantic Ocean, not only for its white beaches, but also because the archipelago is at the top of a 4,570-metre high volcano that died out about 30 million years ago. An international team of researchers has now taken a closer look at this geological peculiarity and geochemically examined the magma rock under Bermuda for the first time.

Business / Economics - 16.05.2019
Most deprived communities are left behind
16 May 2019 As the UK heads towards a cashless society, experts have warned changes to infrastructure - including easy access to free ATMs - are leaving some of the most deprived communities behind. New research from the University of Bristol's Personal Finance Research Centre shows deprived neighbourhoods, often those where people are most likely to rely on cash, are rapidly witnessing the disappearance of their free cashpoints.

Linguistics / Literature - 16.05.2019
Bristol academic publishes solution to Voynich mystery
Bristol academic publishes solution to Voynich mystery
A University of Bristol academic appears to have succeeded where countless cryptographers, linguistics scholars and computer programs have failed - by cracking the code of the 'world's most mysterious text', the Voynich manuscript. Although the purpose and meaning of the manuscript had eluded scholars for over a century, it took Research Associate Dr. Gerard Cheshire two weeks, using a combination of lateral thinking and ingenuity, to identify the language and writing system of the famously inscrutable document.

Environment - 15.05.2019
Monitoring Earth's shifting land
Monitoring Earth’s shifting land
15 May 2019 The monitoring of land subsidence is of vital importance for low-lying countries, but also areas which are prone to peculiar ground instability. Land subsidence is the lowering or sinking of the ground's surface, owing to changes that take place underground. Subsidence is usually due to a combination of ground water overexploitation, mining, natural consolidation of sediments and rapid urbanisation.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.05.2019
Study identifies how cancer drug inhibits DNA repair in cancer cells
According to researchers at Yale Cancer Center , a cancer drug thought to be of limited use possesses a superpower of sorts: It is able to stop certain cancer cells from repairing their DNA in order to survive. The study, published today Translational Medicine , suggests that combining this drug, cediranib, with other agents could potentially deliver a lethal blow in cancer that uses a specific pathway - or process - to create DNA repair cells.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.05.2019
3D Earth in the making
3D Earth in the making
15 May 2019 A thorough understanding of the 'solid Earth' system is essential for deciphering the links between processes occurring deep inside Earth and those occurring nearer the surface that lead to seismic activity such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, the rise of mountains and the location of underground natural resources.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.05.2019
Jawless fish take a bite out of the blood-brain barrier
A jawless parasitic fish could help lead the way to more effective treatments for multiple brain ailments, including cancer, trauma and stroke. One major challenge in treating cancers and other disorders of the brain is ensuring that medicines reach their targets. A team of biomedical engineers and clinician-scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Texas at Austin borrowed molecules from the immune system of the parasitic sea lamprey to deliver anti-cancer drugs directly to brain tumors.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 15.05.2019
First smartphone app that can hear ear infections in children
First smartphone app that can hear ear infections in children
. This condition occurs when fluid builds up in the middle ear behind the eardrum and is infected. This buildup is also common in another condition called otitis media with effusion. Any kind of fluid buildup can be painful and make it hard for children to hear, which can be especially detrimental when they are learning to talk. Both conditions are hard to diagnose because they have vague symptoms: Sometimes children tug on their ears or have fev