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Results 21 - 40 of 784.

Physics - 21.03.2019
LHCb sees a new flavour of matter-antimatter asymmetry
LHCb sees a new flavour of matter-antimatter asymmetry
The LHCb collaboration at CERN 1 has seen, for the first time, the matter-antimatter asymmetry known as CP violation in a particle dubbed the D0 meson. The finding, presented today at the annual Rencontres de Moriond conference and in a dedicated CERN seminar , is sure to make it into the textbooks of particle physics.

Health - 21.03.2019
Childhood adversity linked to higher out-of-pocket health care costs in adulthood
Childhood adversity linked to higher out-of-pocket health care costs in adulthood
FINDINGS A study has found that out-of-pocket health care spending and medical debt are substantially higher when adults have a history of adverse childhood experiences. The study showed that household medical costs were 30 percent higher, and the likelihood of medical debt was doubled, when an adult had lived through three or more adverse experiences during childhood.

Life Sciences - Physics - 21.03.2019
Engineering Technique Provides Insight into Cellular Forces
Kris Dahl, a chemical engineering and biomedical engineering professor at Carnegie Mellon University, is using a new method to understand how cells are structured. Her method uses densely packed regions of condensed DNA, known as chromatin, to be used a sensors for cellular force generation. The technique, known as SINK, which stands for sensors from intranuclear kinetics, allowed Dahl and her team to provide physical and biological insights into cells.

Life Sciences - 21.03.2019
Robots enable bees and fish to talk to each other
Robots enable bees and fish to talk to each other
Through an imaginative experiment, researchers were able to get two extremely different animal species located far apart to interact with each other and reach a shared decision with the help of robots. Bees and fish don't often have the occasion to meet, nor would they have much to say to each other if they did.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 21.03.2019
With a 'hello,' Microsoft and UW demonstrate first fully automated DNA data storage
With a ’hello,’ Microsoft and UW demonstrate first fully automated DNA data storage
Researchers from the University of Washington and Microsoft have demonstrated the first fully automated system to store and retrieve data in manufactured DNA - a key step in moving the technology out of the research lab and into commercial data centers. In a simple proof-of-concept test, the team successfully encoded the word "hello" in snippets of fabricated DNA and converted it back to digital data using a fully automated end-to-end system, which is described in a new paper published March 21 in Nature Scientific Reports.

Computer Science / Telecom - Pharmacology - 21.03.2019
Data sharing by popular health apps is
Data sharing by popular health apps is "routine"
Researchers call for greater regulation and transparency as analysis of medicines-related apps found most directly shared user data - including sensitive health data - with third parties, posing an unprecedented privacy risk. Mobile health apps are a booming market targeted at both patients and health professionals.

Psychology - 21.03.2019
Depression in your twenties linked to memory loss in your fifties, find Sussex psychologists
Depression in your twenties linked to memory loss in your fifties, find Sussex psychologists
A new large-scale longitudinal study carried out by University of Sussex psychologists has found a clear link between episodes of depression and anxiety experienced by adults in their twenties, thirties and forties, with a decrease in memory function by the time they are in their fifties. The study, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, is the first of its kind to look at the relationship between depressive symptoms experienced across three decades of early-mid adulthood and a decline in cognitive function in midlife.

Health - 20.03.2019
Risk of miscarriage linked strongly to mother’s age and pregnancy history
The risk of miscarriage varies greatly with a woman's age, shows a strong pattern of recurrence, and is increased after some pregnancy complications, finds a study led by the Bristol Medical School and published in The BMJ today [Wednesday 20 March]. The findings suggest that miscarriage and other pregnancy complications might share underlying causes, which warrant further study, say the researchers.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.03.2019
Giant 'chimneys' vent X-rays from Milky Way's core
Giant ’chimneys’ vent X-rays from Milky Way’s core
By surveying the centre of our Galaxy, ESA's XMM-Newton has discovered two colossal 'chimneys' funneling material from the vicinity of the Milky Way's supermassive black hole into two huge cosmic bubbles. The giant bubbles were discovered in 2010 by NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope: one stretches above the plane of the Milky Way galaxy and the other below, forming a shape akin to a colossal hourglass that spans about 50 000 light years - around half the diameter of the entire Galaxy.

Administration - Health - 20.03.2019
Child and adolescent anxiety could be linked to later alcohol problems
New research led by the University of Bristol has found some evidence that children and adolescents with higher levels of anxiety may be at greater risk of developing alcohol problems. However, the link between anxiety and later binge drinking and later frequency and quantity of drinking was more inconclusive.

Health - Chemistry - 20.03.2019
Interest in newborn health, ignited at Yale, leads to major discovery
Ofer Levy '88, professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and director of the Precision Vaccines Program at Boston Children's Hospital, can trace his lifelong interest in infectious diseases to the research he did at Yale under the mentorship of I. George Miller, Jr. , the John F. Enders Professor of Pediatrics.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 20.03.2019
Discovery of a new heart muscle component
Discovery of a new heart muscle component
In order for the heart to work properly, it must exert muscular force. This involves the coordinated contraction of numerous sarcomeres, the smallest contractile units of heart muscle. Muscle contraction is brought about by the activity of conventional motor proteins, which pull on thin filaments to shorten sarcomeres.

Health - 20.03.2019
Links perimenopause to accelerated fat mass gains, lean mass losses
FINDINGS The menopause transition, also known as perimenopause, is the time in a woman's life when hormonal changes lead to irregular menstruation, hot flashes and other symptoms leading up to menopause, when menstruation stops altogether. The researchers found that women undergoing perimenopause lost lean body mass and more than doubled their fat mass.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.03.2019
Researchers identify potential new combination treatment for pancreatic cancer
Researchers identify potential new combination treatment for pancreatic cancer
FINDINGS Researchers from UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified a possible new therapeutic strategy using two types of drug inhibitors at once to treat one of the world's deadliest cancers. The combination approach uses one drug that inhibits the process — known as lysosome — that allows cancer cells to recycle essential nutrients to survive, and another drug that blocks the pathway used to repair DNA.

Astronomy / Space Science - 20.03.2019
Giant X-ray 'chimneys' are exhaust vents for vast energies produced at Milky Way's center
Giant X-ray ’chimneys’ are exhaust vents for vast energies produced at Milky Way’s center
Study co-authored by UCLA astronomer provides close look at what might be happening in other, more energetic galaxies Christopher Crockett The center of our galaxy is a frenzy of activity. A behemoth black hole — 4 million times as massive as the sun — blasts out energy as it chows down on interstellar detritus while neighboring stars burst to life and subsequently explode.

Physics - Materials Science - 20.03.2019
The Best Topological Conductor Yet: Spiraling Crystal Is the Key to Exotic Discovery
The Best Topological Conductor Yet: Spiraling Crystal Is the Key to Exotic Discovery
The realization of so-called topological materials - which exhibit exotic, defect-resistant properties and are expected to have applications in electronics, optics, quantum computing, and other fields - has opened up a new realm in materials discovery. Several of the hotly studied topological materials to date are known as topological insulators.

Environment - 20.03.2019
Butterfly numbers down by two thirds
Butterfly numbers down by two thirds
Meadows adjacent to high-intensity agricultural areas are home to less than half the number of butterfly species than areas in nature preserves. The number of individuals is even down to one-third of that number. These are results of a research team led by Jan Christian Habel at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Thomas Schmitt at the Senckenberg Nature Research Society.

Environment - Law / Forensics - 20.03.2019
New tool merges climate science, law and policy to protect California coastline
A Stanford study released on March 13 in Marine Policy provides a new framework for coastal climate adaptation planning, with the potential to save local California governments money and protect the homes and livelihoods of coastal residents. The research incorporates a statewide assessment of the California coast's zoning, habitat, land use, and legal requirements into an interactive tool managers can use to identify which strategies best address threats along the coastline.

Pharmacology - Health - 20.03.2019
Giving cancer patients a voice
Giving cancer patients a voice
UCLA's Dr. Patricia Ganz is co-leading a study to understand treatment tolerability by including the patient's feedback in cancer research Duane Bates Far too often, cancer patients and their doctors aren't aware of all the side effects that accompany new cancer therapies. Some of these new medications might cause fatigue, muscle aches, general pain and discomfort.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 20.03.2019
Nicotine addiction from vaping is a bigger problem than teens realize
As the vaping epidemic continues, researchers point to well-known health risks associated with nicotine. Data show clearly that young people are vaping in record numbers. And despite the onslaught of reports and articles highlighting not only its dangers but the marketing tactics seemingly aimed to hook teens and young adults, the number of vaping users continues to climb.  These teens may be overlooking (or underestimating) a key ingredient in the vapors they inhale: nicotine.