News 2019


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Health - 07.11.2019
Female mosquitoes that have mated are more likely to transmit malaria
Hormones received from male mosquitoes during mating boost the likelihood of female mosquitoes transmitting malaria to people. Only female mosquitoes bite humans and pass on malaria. However, the new study shows that males can also influence malaria transmission, by making mated females more likely to pass on the parasites.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.11.2019
Potential new target for treatment of inflammatory disease
Researchers led by the University of Birmingham have found a potential new target to treat inflammatory disease. The research, led by scientists at the University of Birmingham's Institute of Inflammation and Ageing , Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, and Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research, publishes today in Cell Metabolism.

Chemistry - Physics - 07.11.2019
Invention of teeny-tiny organic films could enable new electronics
The first cell phone, released in 1983, was the size of a brick and weighed two-and-a-half pounds. The newest Apple Watch, released this fall, weighs 1.1 ounces. These kind of technological leaps have been made possible by finding new and inventive ways of combining materials, which can pack more information and circuitry into smaller and smaller packages.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.11.2019
Simple blood test could better predict both kidney disease and cardiovascular risk
Researchers have found a better way to test for kidney disease using a simple blood test that is affordable and although it is available in NHS laboratories is not yet widely used. In a study, published today and led by the University of Glasgow, researchers have highlighted that a simple blood test - which could easily be adopted routinely in the NHS - is a better way of measuring both kidney and cardiovascular disease risk, as it offers a more precise diagnosis and could lead to better patient outcomes.

Life Sciences - Physics - 07.11.2019
Researchers convert 2D images into 3D using deep learning
A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. The researchers use artificial intelligence to turn two-dimensional images into stacks of virtual three-dimensional slices showing activity inside organisms.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.11.2019
New theory for Neanderthal extinction
New theory for Neanderthal extinction
Complex disease transmission patterns could explain why it took tens of thousands of years after first contact for our ancestors to replace Neanderthals throughout Europe and Asia. Growing up in Israel, Gili Greenbaum would give tours of local caves once inhabited by Neanderthals and wonder along with others why our distant cousins abruptly disappeared about 40,000 years ago.

Psychology - 07.11.2019
Diverse neighbourhoods linked to better mental health in White British youths
White British young people living in more ethnically diverse deprived neighbourhoods have better mental health than those living in "white working-class" neighbourhoods, according to a new UCL study. The study found there was no difference in the mental health of ethnic minority youths by whether they lived in neighbourhoods of differing levels of ethnic density and ethnic diversity.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 07.11.2019
Go With the Flow: Scientists Design Better Batteries for a Renewable Energy Grid
Go With the Flow: Scientists Design Better Batteries for a Renewable Energy Grid
New blueprint for affordable, sustainable 'flow batteries' developed at Berkeley Lab could accelerate an electrical grid powered by the sun and wind How do you store renewable energy so it's there when you need it, even when the sun isn't shining or the wind isn't blowing? Giant batteries designed for the electrical grid - called flow batteries, which store electricity in tanks of liquid electrolyte - could be the answer, but so far utilities have yet to find a cost-effective battery that can reliably power thousands of homes throughout a lifecycle of 10 to 20 years.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.11.2019
Flu shot can provide effective immunity for people living with HIV
People who are being treated for HIV can gain effective protection against seasonal flu with the influenza (flu) vaccine, new findings confirm. Since people living with HIV can have an impaired immune system and may be at higher risk of serious illness from flu, they are recommended to get the seasonal influenza vaccine every year.

Physics - Chemistry - 07.11.2019
Team uses golden 'lollipop' to observe elusive interference effect at the nanoscale
Team uses golden ’lollipop’ to observe elusive interference effect at the nanoscale
Electrons in atoms are pretty talented. They can form chemical bonds, get kicked out of the atom and even "jump" to different locations based on their energetic states. In 1961, atomic physicist Ugo Fano theorized that electrons harbor another and unexpected talent: They can interfere with themselves as they simultaneously take two different quantum-mechanical paths.

Materials Science - Transport - 07.11.2019
UK needs to act to prevent electric vehicle battery waste mountain - new study
Recycling technologies for end-of-life lithium ion batteries (LIBs) are not keeping pace with the rapid rise of electric vehicles, storing up a potentially huge waste management problem for the future, according to a new study. A review of lithium ion battery recycling led by the University of Birmingham suggests that, while electric vehicles (EVs) offer a solution for cutting pollution, governments and industry need to act now to develop a robust recycling infrastructure to meet future recycling need.

Life Sciences - 07.11.2019
Neural Network Fills In Data Gaps For Spatial Analysis of Chromosomes
Computational methods used to fill in missing pixels in low-quality images or video also can help scientists provide missing information for how DNA is organized in the cell, computational biologists at Carnegie Mellon University have shown. "Filling in this missing information will make it possible to more readily study the 3D structure of chromosomes and, in particular, subcompartments that may play a crucial role in both disease formation and determining cell functions,” said Jian Ma, associate professor in CMU's Computational Biology Department.

Social Sciences - 07.11.2019
Fake news, hate speech on social media impacting Myanmar’s youth
A report led by the University of Sydney and Save the Children, launched in London, shows social media may be undermining democracy, revealing the extent to which youth are vulnerable to abuse, hate speech and fake news. The unprecedented and rapid explosion in social media use in Myanmar has left many young people - particularly girls, and those from ethnic and religious minority groups - especially vulnerable to online sexual harassment and the negative impacts of fake news and hate speech, a report by the University of Sydney and Save the Children shows.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 07.11.2019
How healthy is your meal kit meal?
Popular commercial meal kit subscription services assessed for nutritional quality were found to provide adequate serves of core foods such as vegetables - but there was room to improve to meet dietary guidelines. With many people spending less time cooking and more time eating out and ordering takeaways, the food industry has adapted by introducing commercial meal kit subscription services that deliver recipes and fresh, pre-measured ingredients direct to people's doors.

Environment - Business / Economics - 07.11.2019
Capturing carbon dioxide to make useful products could become big business
Capturing carbon dioxide to make useful products could become big business
Waste carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels could be used to make valuable products such as plastics, fuels and cement, suggests new research. If done correctly, using waste carbon dioxide (CO2) to make useful products would also help offset the costs of mitigating climate change, argue scientists in a review .

Social Sciences - Psychology - 06.11.2019
How your speech could impact your salary
Most Americans are aware that English sounds different throughout the country, and that those regional differences can contribute to widely held stereotypes. But a leading University of Chicago economist has uncovered how speech patterns also strongly affect a person's wages, particularly for African Americans.

Computer Science / Telecom - Health - 06.11.2019
Sex and gender analysis improves science
Sex and gender analysis improves science
Including a gender and sex analysis in scientific research can open the door to discovery and innovation. Whether it's designing equipment or developing drugs, scientists often fail to consider how gendered preferences, biases and assumptions can lead to unintended consequences. According to Stanford historian Londa Schiebinger , it's time for science to catch up.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.11.2019
A Game-Changing Test for Prion, Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's Diseases is on the Horizon
A Game-Changing Test for Prion, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s Diseases is on the Horizon
There are currently no effective treatments for prion diseases, a family of fatal neurodegenerative conditions caused by accumulations of misfolded copies of a naturally occurring protein. But now, there is finally an effective way to test for them. As reported in the journal PLOS ONE , a team of scientists who have been working on prion detection for nearly 20 years have demonstrated that their unique, synthetic-molecule-based approach can isolate prion proteins in body fluids sampled from infected animals.

Innovation - 06.11.2019
Imperial startup launches flagship store in the heart of London
Imperial startup launches flagship store in the heart of London
DnaNudge, co-founded by Imperial professor Chris Toumazou, has launched a flagship store in London's Covent Garden. DnaNudge offers the world's first DNA-based service for healthier food choices. The new Covent Garden store provides on-the-spot DNA testing, which is then used to ‘nudge' users to make healthier food shopping choices.

Environment - Business / Economics - 06.11.2019
Distributed Solar Prices Fall Annually by 5% to 7%
Distributed Solar Prices Fall Annually by 5% to 7%
Berkeley Lab's Tracking the Sun report details the latest pricing and technology trends for distributed solar systems The latest edition of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (Berkeley Lab's) annual Tracking the Sun report finds that prices for distributed solar power systems continued to fall in 2018, that industry practices continued to evolve, and that systems are getting bigger and more efficient.

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