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Life Sciences - Health - 04.12.2019
Failure of the molecular bodyguard in Parkinson's disease
Failure of the molecular bodyguard in Parkinson’s disease
Scientists from ETH Zurich and the University of Basel's Biozentrum have shown that chaperone proteins dynamically bind to the Parkinson protein -synuclein. If this interaction is disturbed, it leads to cell damage and the formation of aggregates typical for the disease. Parkinson's disease is characterised by the progressive death of nerve cells in the brain.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.12.2019
Closest-ever approach to the Sun gives new insights into the solar wind
The Parker Solar Probe spacecraft, which has flown closer to the Sun than any mission before, has found new evidence of the origins of the solar wind. NASA's Parker Solar Probe was launched in August 2018. Its first results are published today in a series of four papers in Nature , with Imperial College London scientists among those interpreting some of the key data to reveal how the solar wind is accelerated away from the surface of the Sun.

Psychology - Pedagogy - 04.12.2019
Infant blood markers predict childhood mental health
A newfound link between levels of "bad" cholesterol at birth and subsequent childhood behavior could help identify and treat people who are prone to experiencing depression and other mental difficulties. Stanford researchers have shown that levels of cholesterol and fat in a newborn's blood can reliably predict that child's psychological and social health five years later.

Pharmacology - Health - 04.12.2019
Typhoid vaccine over 81% effective in tackling disease in Nepal
A large field study of typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) in Nepal has shown a single dose to be safe and effective in reducing typhoid in children aged 9 months to <16 years in an endemic setting. Caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi, typhoid is a major cause of fever in children in lowand middle-income countries and is responsible for nearly 11 million cases and more than 116,000 deaths a year worldwide.

Environment - 04.12.2019
Tracking power plant emissions in real time
Tracking power plant emissions in real time
Stanford scientists have developed a precise way to measure U.S. power plant emissions 24/7. The new tool will enable grid operators and big electricity consumers to reduce their carbon footprint in real time. About 30 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions come from power plants that generate electricity by burning fossil fuels.

Environment - Physics - 04.12.2019
Early climate modelers got global warming right, new report finds
Climate skeptics have long raised doubts about the accuracy of computer models that predict global warming, but it turns out that most of the early climate models were spot-on, according to a look-back by climate scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and NASA.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 04.12.2019
Drugs that quell brain inflammation reverse dementia
UC Berkeley scientists propose a radical new theory that the memory loss and cognitive dysfunction of aging is due to a leaky barrier between the blood stream and the brain. (iStock image) Drugs that tamp down inflammation in the brain could slow or even reverse the cognitive decline that comes with age.

Health - Social Sciences - 04.12.2019
Young women face unnecessary surgery for suspected appendicitis - study
Thousands of young women are unnecessarily admitted to UK hospitals and undergo surgery they do not need each year in the NHS, according to a new study. Surgery for appendicitis is one of the world's most common emergency operations. UK hospitals exhibit the world's highest rate of 'normal appendicectomy,' where patients undergo surgery for suspected appendicitis but laboratory examination of the removed appendix finds it to be normal.

Physics - Chemistry - 04.12.2019
Freeze Frame: Scientists Capture Atomic-Scale Snapshots of Artificial Proteins
Freeze Frame: Scientists Capture Atomic-Scale Snapshots of Artificial Proteins
Berkeley Lab scientists adapt microscopy technique to build and image peptoid nanosheets with unprecedented atomic precision P rotein-like molecules called "polypeptoids" (or "peptoids," for short) have great promise as precision building blocks for creating a variety of designer nanomaterials, like flexible nanosheets - ultrathin, atomic-scale 2D materials.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 04.12.2019
Better wildfire and smoke predictions with new vegetation database
This animation shows the average amount of wildfire fuels across the country for five different types of vegetation: trees, coarse wood debris, duff (decomposing organic materials on the ground), herbaceous live vegetation and shrubs. Michael Billmire/Michigan Technological University It's hard to find a place in the U.S. that isn't impacted by wildfires and smoke.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 04.12.2019
Australia at its most stripped back
New research from The Australian National University (ANU) and Geoscience Australia could provide a much clearer picture of the Australian landscape, and how to better manage it under a changing climate. The study, published , shows the Australian continent at its 'barest' - or least vegetated. Dr Dale Roberts designed a new mathematical algorithm that accurately estimates the earth's reflected light at every location from satellite imagery.

Physics - 04.12.2019
Donut-shaped orbitals and Ising magnetism in Ca3Co2O6
Donut-shaped orbitals and Ising magnetism in Ca3Co2O6 The research teams of Hao Tjeng from the MPI-CPfS, Andrea Severing from the University of Cologne, Antoine Maignan from CRISMAT Laboratory Caen, and Maurits Haverkort from the University of Heidelberg have succeeded in determining the electronic orbital that is responsible for the Ising magnetism in Ca3Co2O6.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 04.12.2019
Through the eyes of animals
Humans are a step closer to seeing what the world looks like through the eyes of animals, thanks to technology developed by researchers from The University of Queensland and the University of Exeter. PhD candidate Cedric van den Berg from UQ's School of Biological Sciences said that, until now, it had been difficult to understand how animals saw the world.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.12.2019
Parker Solar Probe’s first discoveries: Odd phenomena in space weather, solar wind
Last summer, NASA's Parker Solar Probe split the predawn skies in a blaze of light as it headed closer to the sun than any other spacecraft. Named for pioneering University of Chicago astrophysicist Eugene Parker, the probe has now made three of its 24 planned passes through the sun's corona-enough for scientists to announce their first discoveries.

Social Sciences - 04.12.2019
Sleep helps memory, right? Not for eyewitnesses
New research investigating the effect of sleep on eyewitness memory has found that having a period of sleep, compared to a period of wake, does not improve eyewitness identification accuracy. The research team, led by PhD student, David Morgan at Royal Holloway, University of London, Professor Laura Mickes, senior author at the University of Bristol and including researchers from Royal Holloway, the Universities of California, USA and Birmingham, and funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) is published today [4 December] in Royal Society Open Science .

Life Sciences - Health - 04.12.2019
Big data toolkit to mine the dark genome for precision medicine
Big data toolkit to mine the dark genome for precision medicine
EPFL researchers have developed Big Data tools for identifying new gene functions. The work identifies millions of connections between genes and their functions, and can facilitate the development of precision medicine. Genes are the functional units of heredity, and the understanding of gene function is the major focus of biomedical research, serving as the basis of precision medicine.

Astronomy / Space Science - 04.12.2019
Potential New Class of X-ray Star System Research
Harvard & Smithsonian has announced the discovery that mass in triple star systems takes on the characteristics of recipient stars before mass is actually transferred, which may allow scientists to re-examine previously labeled binary star systems for evidence of a third companion. "Scientists already knew that the transfer of mass from one star to another is one of the most important processes in astronomy, because it produces events that release tremendous amounts of energy - from Type Ia supernovae to the merger of black holes.

Astronomy / Space Science - 04.12.2019
Parker Solar Probe: 'We're missing something fundamental about the sun'
Parker Solar Probe: ’We’re missing something fundamental about the sun’
oe中文 हिन्दी Portugus Español First data holds clues to a decades-old mystery, and major implications for space weather prediction Share on: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Our closest-ever look inside the sun's corona has unveiled an unexpectedly chaotic world that includes rogue plasma waves, flipping magnetic fields and distant solar winds under the thrall of the sun's rotation, according to University of Michigan researchers who play key roles in NASA's Parker Solar Probe mission.

Life Sciences - 04.12.2019
Stress in early life extends lifespan
Stress in early life extends lifespan
oe中文 हिन्दी Portugus Español Share on: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Some stress at a young age could actually lead to a longer life, new research shows. University of Michigan researchers have discovered that oxidative stress experienced early in life increases subsequent stress resistance later in life.

Environment - Life Sciences - 04.12.2019
Migratory birds shrinking as climate warms, new analysis of four-decade record shows
Migratory birds shrinking as climate warms, new analysis of four-decade record shows
oe中文 हिन्दी Portugus Español Share on: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn North American migratory birds have been getting smaller over the past four decades, and their wings have gotten a bit longer. Both changes appear to be responses to a warming climate. Those are the main findings from a new University of Michigan-led analysis of a dataset of some 70,000 North American migratory birds from 52 species that died when they collided with buildings in Chicago.
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