News 2019


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Results 261 - 280 of 3520.

Life Sciences - Environment - 02.12.2019
Genomic gymnastics help sorghum plant survive drought
A new study led by UC Berkeley researchers reveals how sorghum crops alter the expression of their genes to adapt to drought conditions. Understanding how sorghum survives harsh conditions could help researchers design crops that are more resilient to climate change. (UC Berkeley photo by Peggy Lemaux) Scorching temperatures and parched earth are no match for the sorghum plant - this cereal crop, native to Africa and Australia, will remain green and productive, even under conditions that would render other plants brown, brittle and barren.

Chemistry - 02.12.2019
Chemistry breakthrough could help produce new drugs, molecules
Olefins are one of those molecules that most people don't recognize, but that appear all around us: in bottles, in medicines, in wetsuits and in tires. Now, University of Chicago chemists have discovered an efficient method to make a kind of olefin with four different attachments-used in everything from medicines to new ways to store data.

Physics - Materials Science - 02.12.2019
When Solids and Liquids Meet: In Nanoscale Detail
When Solids and Liquids Meet: In Nanoscale Detail
Infrared technique at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source probes active chemistry at the solid-liquid interface How a liquid interacts with the surface of a solid is important in batteries and fuel cells, chemical production, corrosion phenomena, and many biological processes. To better understand this solid-liquid interface, researchers at Berkeley Lab developed a platform to explore these interactions under real conditions ("in situ") at the nanoscale using a technique that combines infrared light with an atomic force microscopy (AFM) probe.

Health - Chemistry - 02.12.2019
Automated technique helps identify cancer cell metabolism inhibitors
FINDINGS UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have developed a new automated method for testing hundreds of molecules at a time to find out which ones block cancer cells from consuming glucose — the sugars they need to spread and grow. Using robotics, the researchers tested 3,555 compounds on non-small-cell lung cancer cells.

Earth Sciences - 02.12.2019
Underwater Telecom Cables Make Superb Seismic Network
Underwater Telecom Cables Make Superb Seismic Network
Adapted from a news release by UC Berkeley : Fiber-optic cables that constitute a global undersea telecommunications network could one day help scientists study offshore earthquakes and the geologic structures hidden deep beneath the ocean surface. In a recent paper in the journal Science , researchers from UC Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) , and Rice University describe an experiment that turned 20 kilometers of undersea fiber-optic cable into the equivalent of 10,000 seismic stations along the ocean floor.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.12.2019
A Matchmaker for Microbiomes
A Matchmaker for Microbiomes
New tool will enable important insights into the microbial communities in the environment and inside our bodies Microbiomes play essential roles in the natural processes that keep the planet and our bodies healthy, so it's not surprising that scientists' investigations into these diverse microbial communities are leading to advances in medicine, sustainable agriculture, cheap water purification methods, and environmental clean-up technology, just to name a few.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.12.2019
Carnegie Mellon Invention Among The Scientist’s Top Innovations of 2019
Janus bases, a bivalent nucleic acid recognition platform, are being used to develop treatments for rare genetic diseases The Scientist Magazine has named Janus bases as one of its Top 10 Innovations of 2019 . Carnegie Mellon University Chemistry Professor Danith Ly invented the molecules, and they are being used to create new treatments for genetic diseases and disorders.

Computer Science - Materials Science - 02.12.2019
New Software Aims To Make Science More Replicable
Every field in science and engineering employs highly specialized equipment: surface area analyzers, nanosizers, recording membrane osmometers. This equipment is often incredibly specific, designed for just a single function, but it's essential for performing accurate, replicable research. And without the ability to replicate the research of other scientists, the validity of science itself falls apart.

Environment - 02.12.2019
Many pregnancies are shorter as climate change causes more 90-degree days
A UCLA study suggests that climate change is causing many women to have shorter pregnancies than they would normally, which could pose risks for infant health and child development. According to research published today , birth rates were 5% higher on days when the temperature exceeded 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.12.2019
Big Data makes intensive care better
Big Data makes intensive care better
Patient safety in intensive care units could be significantly improved if false alarms could be greatly reduced and critical complications such as epileptic seizures could be predicted. This is where the "ICU Cockpit" project of the National Research Programme "Big Data" (NRP 75) comes in: The large amounts of data from intensive care medicine will be used to develop procedures for early warning systems and therapeutic recommendations.

Environment - Social Sciences - 02.12.2019
Improved health check for running waters
Improved health check for running waters
If one turns a stone over in a river or stream, it swarms with tiny animals: caddisflies, water beetles, freshwater shrimp, and snails. The invertebrates living on the beds of water bodies that can be seen with the naked eye, called macroinvertebrates, are rather unimposing, but for science and the protection of surface waters they are of great importance.

Computer Science - 02.12.2019
New Streaming Technology Will Change Computer Gaming
New Streaming Technology Will Change Computer Gaming
Dieter Schmalstieg, a researcher at Graz University of Technology, is working on a method combining the advantages of cloud computing and virtual reality. This method will allow computer games to be displayed on inexpensive VR headsets in unsurpassed quality. Streaming services, such as Netflix or Amazon Prime, are widely used.

Environment - Life Sciences - 02.12.2019
Australia's got mussels (but it could be a problem)
Australia’s got mussels (but it could be a problem)
One of the world's most notorious invasive species has established itself on Australia's coastlines, according to research from The University of Queensland. UQ School of Biological Sciences researcher Dr Iva Popovic said the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis - identified as one of the '100 World's Worst Invasive Species' by the IUCN Global Invasive Species Database - had steadily taken over the country's coastlines.

Pharmacology - Health - 02.12.2019
Placebo use among Australian GPs surprisingly high
Most Australian GPs have used a placebo in practice at least once, with active placebos (active treatments used primarily to generate positive expectations) more commonly used than inert placebos, according to a new study in Psychology. Placebo use by GPs high International studies indicate that placebo use by general practitioners (GPs) is remarkably high, but until now usage in Australia was unknown.

Environment - Politics - 02.12.2019
What's driving erosion worldwide?
What’s driving erosion worldwide?
ETH Zurich researchers are reexamining the causes of soil erosion around the world - and have found that countries themselves have a surprisingly strong influence on their soil. This country effect was previously undetected. Soil erosion is a global problem that threatens food security and the functioning of ecosystems.

Social Sciences - 02.12.2019
Annual Title IX/Sexual Harassment Report released
Today Stanford University released its third annual Title IX/Sexual Harassment Report , which outlines the ways in which the university responded to reported concerns of sexual harassment, sexual violence and gender discrimination on campus and in all programs and activities connected to Stanford. The report includes information about reports of prohibited sexual conduct involving students, faculty and staff during the period from Sept.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 02.12.2019
Global levels of biodiversity could be lower than we think, new study warns
Biodiversity across the globe could be in a worse state than previously thought as current biodiversity assessments fail to take into account the long-lasting impact of abrupt land changes, a new study has warned. The study by PhD graduate Dr Martin Jung , Senior Lecturer in Geography Dr Pedram Rowhani and Professor of Conservation Science Jörn Scharlemann , all at the University of Sussex, shows that fewer species and fewer individuals are observed at sites that have been disturbed by an abrupt land change in past decades.

Life Sciences - Environment - 02.12.2019
McGill-led research unravels mystery of how early animals survived ice age
Channels McGill University News and Events How did life survive the most severe ice age? A McGill University-led research team has found the first direct evidence that glacial meltwater provided a crucial lifeline to eukaryotes during Snowball Earth, when the oceans were cut off from life-giving oxygen, answering a question puzzling scientists for years.

Health - Pharmacology - 01.12.2019
Highlights obesity services a patient postcode lottery
New research highlights obesity services a patient postcode lottery A lack of consistent reporting on obesity and weight management programmes around the UK, has created a postcode lottery for patient care. Researchers from the University of Glasgow have highlighted the inconsistences in NHS weight management programmes across the UK, in a study published in Obesity Reviews.

Health - Computer Science - 01.12.2019
And the Beep Goes On
CMU, UPMC researchers use machine learning algorithms to develop a risk score used to predict tachycardia episodes Artur Dubrawski is not a critical care physician, but his best friend is. Dubrawski, a research professor in Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute , loves talking about disease symptoms with Michael Pinsky, a professor of critical care medicine, cardiovascular disease, bioengineering and more at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.