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Results 3261 - 3280 of 3530.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.01.2019
Led team uncovers critical new clues about what goes awry in brains of people with autism
Led team uncovers critical new clues about what goes awry in brains of people with autism
A team of UCLA-led scientists has discovered important clues to what goes wrong in the brains of people with autism — a developmental disorder with no cure and for which scientists have no deep understanding of what causes it. The new insights involve RNA editing — in which genetic material is normal, but modifications in RNA alter nucleotides, whose patterns carry the data required for constructing proteins.

Life Sciences - 30.01.2019
We need to fine-tune our 'maps' of the visual cortex
We need to fine-tune our ’maps’ of the visual cortex
Monkey brain scans have revealed new information about the part of the brain that processes visual information. The findings were recently presented in PNAS by neurophysiologists Qi Zhu (KU Leuven) and Wim Vanduffel (KU Leuven/ Harvard Medical School).  When the brain receives visual signals from our eyes, it processes them in a strictly hierarchical way.

Politics - Economics / Business - 30.01.2019
Tuning out: What happens when you drop Facebook?
The early promise and excitement of social media ' its ability to connect people around the world and inspire grass-roots activism ' has given way to fears that it is making us depressed and more politically polarized than ever. But is that really happening? In one of the largest-ever randomized evaluations of Facebook's broader social impacts, Stanford economists look at common assumptions about the platform and its effects on individuals and society.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.01.2019
Set of genes predicts severity of dengue
Stanford researchers have identified 20 genes that can predict an individual's likelihood of developing a severe form of dengue fever with about 80 percent accuracy. There's no such thing as a "good" case of dengue fever, but some are worse than others, and it's difficult to determine which patients will make a smooth recovery and which may find their condition life-threatening.

Computer Science - 30.01.2019
MIT robot combines vision and touch to learn the game of Jenga
MIT robot combines vision and touch to learn the game of Jenga
Machine-learning approach could help robots assemble cellphones and other small parts in a manufacturing line. It gently pokes at a tower of blocks, looking for the best block to extract without toppling the tower, in a solitary, slow-moving, yet surprisingly agile game of Jenga. The robot, developed by MIT engineers, is equipped with a soft-pronged gripper, a force-sensing wrist cuff, and an external camera, all of which it uses to see and feel the tower and its individual blocks.

Health - Environment - 30.01.2019
Into age-related eye disease to investigate genetic risk factors
Over 60s residents of an East Yorkshire town are being offered the chance to play an important role in the future development of personalised treatments for age-related eye disease. The Bridlington Eye Assessment Project (BEAP), led by The University of Nottingham, is appealing for people to take part in research that aims to more accurately predict how many patients are likely to be affected by age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and those who are at a greater risk due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Physics - 30.01.2019
How does a quantum particle see the world?
How does a quantum particle see the world?
Researchers at the University of Vienna study the relevance of quantum reference frames for the symmetries of the world According to one of the most fundamental principles in physics, an observer on a moving train uses the same laws to describe a ball on the platform as an observer standing on the platform - physical laws are independent on the choice of a reference frame.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 30.01.2019
Ancient Mongolian skull is the earliest modern human yet found in the region
A much debated ancient human skull from Mongolia has been dated and genetically analysed, showing that it is the earliest modern human yet found in the region, according to new research from the University of Oxford. The study published used Radiocarbon dating and DNA analysis and revealed that the only Pleistocene hominin fossil discovered in Mongolia, initially called Mongolanthropus, is in reality a modern human who lived approximately 34 - 35 thousand years ago.

Life Sciences - Environment - 30.01.2019
A small fish provides insight into the genetic basis of evolution
A small fish provides insight into the genetic basis of evolution
A genetic analysis of sticklebacks shows that isolated populations in similar environments develop in comparable ways. The basis for this is already present in the genome of their genetic ancestors. Evolutionary biologists from the University of Basel and the University of Nottingham report these insights in the journal Evolution Letters.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.01.2019
New doctoral programme will reinvigorate forest research
University of Birmingham researchers, with industry partners including health technology companies Dignio and Datatrial, have been awarded £1.1 million by UK Research & Innovation (UKRI)'s Innovate UK, to investigate patients' experience of cell and gene therapies. The funding has been provided as part of the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund's Medicines Manufacturing programme.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 30.01.2019
New Findings About Anti-Malaria Drug
New Findings About Anti-Malaria Drug
01/30/2019 Researchers at the Rudolf Virchow Center of the University of Würzburg have unveiled the molecular effectiveness of artemisinins. The findings could lead to drugs for diseases such as Alzheimer's, schizophrenia and epilepsy. Artemisinin is derived from the leaves and flowers of the annual mugwort (Artemisia annua) and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.01.2019
Fungal infection affecting frogs' future
Fungal infection affecting frogs’ future
Researchers have identified how a fungal skin infection is wiping out our native frog species at an alarming rate. The University of Queensland-led team investigated the chytrid fungus ( Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis ), which affects more than 500 species worldwide and is hampering frog conservation.

Health - Physics - 30.01.2019
Ingestible, expanding pill monitors the stomach for up to a month
Ingestible, expanding pill monitors the stomach for up to a month
Soft, squishy device could potentially track ulcers, cancers, and other GI conditions over the long term. The inflatable pill is embedded with a sensor that continuously tracks the stomach's temperature for up to 30 days. If the pill needs to be removed from the stomach, a patient can drink a solution of calcium that triggers the pill to quickly shrink to its original size and pass safely out of the body.

Life Sciences - 30.01.2019
Measuring stress around cells
Tissues and organs in the human body are shaped through forces generated by cells, that push and pull, to "sculpt" biological structures. Thanks to a new tool developed at McGill University, scientists will now be able to watch, and map these forces. Christopher Moraes, an assistant professor in McGill's Department of Chemical Engineering, and colleagues developed spherical spring-like sensors that distort under mechanical stress within three-dimensional tissues in the lab.

Computer Science - Astronomy / Space Science - 30.01.2019
Engineers program marine robots to take calculated risks
Algorithm could help autonomous underwater vehicles explore risky but scientifically-rewarding environments. We know far less about the Earth's oceans than we do about the surface of the moon or Mars. The sea floor is carved with expansive canyons, towering seamounts, deep trenches, and sheer cliffs, most of which are considered too dangerous or inaccessible for autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) to navigate.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 29.01.2019
Researchers identify inflammatory biomarkers indicating brain injury
Researchers at the University of Birmingham have identified inflammatory biomarkers which indicate whether the brain has suffered injury. The team, led by Professor Antonio Belli , at the University's College of Medical and Dental Sciences , now hopes to use these new biomarkers to develop a test which can be used on the side of a sports pitch or by paramedics to detect brain injury at the scene of an incident.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.01.2019
No-Deal Brexit will severely impact NHS delivery across devolved jurisdictions -report reveals
In the case of a ‘No-Deal' scenario, it appears inevitable that there will be some impact on NHS delivery of services, recruitment of healthcare professionals and access to medicines. Very clear contingency planning may ameliorate some of the impact, reveals a new report by the academic group ‘ The UK in a Changing Europe' , which includes researchers from the University of Birmingham.

Pharmacology - Health - 29.01.2019
New target for gastric cancer therapies
New target for gastric cancer therapies
Cardiff University researchers have uncovered new information about the underlying mechanisms for gastric cancer, providing hope of potential new therapies in the future. The team, at the University's European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute, found they could stop gastric cells dividing and growing by deleting a particular cell-surface receptor implicated in the function of stem cells.

Health - 29.01.2019
New guidance for vets launched to 'Keep Britain's Pets Healthy'
New recommendations to help vets give pet owners the best possible consultations on how to keep their animals healthy have been launched by researchers at the University of Nottingham and global pharmaceutical company MSD Animal Health. The recommendations are the result of a package of research by the Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine team at the University's School of Veterinary Medicine and Science , aimed at improving and standardising best practice in preventative healthcare consultations.

Computer Science - Health - 29.01.2019
Could AI improve patient care in the NHS?
The adoption of artificial intelligence in the diagnosis and prognosis of disease could help to extend people's lives whilst providing significant savings for the NHS. This is according to researchers from Cardiff University who have provided compelling evidence showing the benefits that state-of-the-art techniques can bring to risk assessments in patients.

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