News 2019


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Results 341 - 360 of 3523.

Social Sciences - 22.11.2019
Rare medieval manuscript telling the legend of Charlemagne discovered in Dundee
Professor Marianne Ailes , a specialist in medieval French narrative poetry has identified rare fragments of the French poem Fierabras (composed c. 1200), recovered from a sixteenth-century binding in Dundee City Archives. The identification came about by a happy coincidence of circumstances when Dr Julian Luxford of St Andrews University came across the fragments when working in the archive.

Pharmacology - 22.11.2019
New model for predicting kidney injury after common heart procedure
New model for predicting kidney injury after common heart procedure
A Yale-led group of doctors has developed a new mathematical model that can predict the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing a common heart procedure. For patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), commonly known as angioplasty, exposure to contrast agents - material used in the procedure to help visualize blood vessels - can harm the kidneys.

Agronomy / Food Science - Innovation - 22.11.2019
Engineering solutions for kitchen challenges
Engineering solutions for kitchen challenges
Crafty engineering can help solve many problems, including those we face in our own kitchens. At EPFL's Institute of Mechanical Engineering, students from three laboratories tackled some of the most common kitchen challenges as part of the first Kitchen-Inspired Engineering contest. Cooking the perfect poached egg is a lot trickier than it looks.

Physics - Electroengineering - 22.11.2019
New method for using spin waves in magnetic materials
New method for using spin waves in magnetic materials
Smaller, faster, more energy-efficient - this is the goal that developers of electronic devices have been working towards for years. In order to be able to miniaturize individual components of mobile phones or computers for example, magnetic waves are currently regarded as promising alternatives to conventional data transmission functioning by means of electric currents.

Physics - Computer Science - 22.11.2019
A "simulation booster" for nanoelectronics
Two research groups from ETH Zurich have developed a method that can simulate nanoelectronics devices and their properties realistically, quickly and efficiently. This offers a ray of hope for the industry and data centre operators alike, both of which are struggling with the (over)heating that comes with increasingly small and powerful transistors.

Innovation - Chemistry - 22.11.2019
Glass from a 3D printer
Glass from a 3D printer
ETH researchers are using a 3D printing method to produce complex, highly porous glass structures. The technology makes it possible to produce made-to-measure objects that may eventually make life difficult for counterfeiters. Producing glass objects using 3D printing is not easy. Only a few groups of researchers around the world have attempted to produce glass using additive methods.

Psychology - 22.11.2019
Sleep problems in children with genetic condition linked to mental health issues, clumsiness and impaired planning ability, experts say
Scientists from Cardiff University have studied the sleep patterns of children and adolescents with one of the most common genetic conditions - 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q). The researchers found nearly two thirds (60%) of the group aged 17 and under experienced insomnia or restless sleep and in turn, a higher proportion of these had conditions such as ADHD, anxiety disorders and conduct disorder.

Materials Science - Health - 22.11.2019
Protection for pacemakers
Protection for pacemakers
A protective membrane for cardiac pacemakers developed at ETH Zurich has proved successful in animal trials in reducing the undesirable build-up of fibrotic tissue around the implant. The next step is to test the protective membrane in patients. ETH scientists have developed a special protective membrane made of cellulose that significantly reduces the build-up of fibrotic tissue around cardiac pacemaker implants, as reported in the current issue of the journal Biomaterials.

Health - Pharmacology - 22.11.2019
Screening for thyroid dysfunction in patients without symptoms: don’t routinely check that box
Channels McGill University News and Events New guideline from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care A new guideline from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care found no benefit of routine screening for thyroid dysfunction in adults without symptoms or risk factors. Based on the latest evidence, the Task Force guideline recommends against routine screening for thyroid dysfunction in non-pregnant adults and is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) .

Health - Life Sciences - 21.11.2019
Bacteria used to control the mosquito-borne virus dengue in the wild
Scientists have reported an effective and environmentally sustainable way to block the transmission of mosquito-borne dengue virus, in trials carried out in Malaysia. Using a strain of the bacteria Wolbachia , which inhibit mosquitoes from transmitting viruses to humans, researchers at the Universities of Glasgow and Melbourne and the Institute for Medical Research in Malaysia were successfully able to reduce cases of dengue at sites in Kuala Lumpur.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 21.11.2019
New Algorithm trains AI to avoid bad behaviors
Robots, self-driving cars and other intelligent machines could become better-behaved thanks to a new way to help machine learning designers build AI applications with safeguards against specific, undesirable outcomes such as racial and gender bias. Artificial intelligence has moved into the commercial mainstream thanks to the growing prowess of machine learning algorithms that enable computers to train themselves to do things like drive cars, control robots or automate decision-making.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.11.2019
Should newborns get genetic testing for adult-onset conditions?
In the last decade, genome sequencing has provided a wealth of information about risks for certain diseases. But should parents be able to get all of the sequence results of their children's genomes, especially if the variants would not cause illness or symptoms until adulthood? No, argues a University of Chicago medical ethicist, who recently examined the issue through the lens of one newborn genetic sequencing case study gone awry.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 21.11.2019
Experiment to increase understanding of the universe secures £30m
UCL scientists working to understand neutrinos and antimatter through DUNE (the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment) will benefit from the UK's latest multi-million pound investment in the project. The DUNE project brings together more than 1,000 physicists from the UK and 31 countries from Asia, Europe and the Americas to build the world's most advanced neutrino observatory, which could lead to profound changes in our understanding of the universe.

Social Sciences - 21.11.2019
Women raised in deprived neighbourhoods face an increased risk of intimate partner violence
Women who spend longer periods of their early lives in less affluent neighbourhoods are at greater risk of experiencing violence during their early adulthoods at the hands of their intimate partners, finds a new study published in Epidemiology . Intimate partner violence - physical, psychological, or sexual violence committed by a current or former partner - is the most common form of violence experienced by women worldwide.

Pharmacology - 21.11.2019
Potential new treatment for rare muscle-wasting disease
A team of Cardiff University researchers has uncovered a potential new way to treat a very rare genetic disorder that causes muscles in the arms and legs to become increasingly weak. GNE myopathy is a debilitating condition that affects young adults in their 20s or 30s, typically leaving them in a wheelchair within years.

Linguistics / Literature - 21.11.2019
Carnegie Mellon Publishing Agreement Marks Open Access Milestone
Carnegie Mellon University, a longtime proponent of open-access research, is championing an international movement to revolutionize academic publishing. The university recently reached a transformative agreement with the scientific publishing giant Elsevier that prioritizes free and public access to the university's research.

Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering - 21.11.2019
Eliminating cracks in 3D-printed metal components
Eliminating cracks in 3D-printed metal components
Researchers at EPFL have developed a new laser 3D-printing technique to manufacture metal components with unprecedented resistance to high temperature, damage and corrosion. The method has applications in fields ranging from aerospace to power-generating turbines. 3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing, has revolutionized the way components are made, setting new standards in terms of production speed when geometric complexity is high.

Life Sciences - 21.11.2019
Motherly poison frogs shed light on maternal brain
Motherly poison frogs shed light on maternal brain
Stanford biologists are using rare poison frogs that nurse their young as a way to help answer a fundamental question: Is there more than one way to build a maternal brain? For most frogs, motherhood begins and ends with the release of hundreds of eggs into a sizable body of water and then hopping or swimming away.

Social Sciences - Politics - 21.11.2019
Growing diversity does not increase votes for anti-immigration candidates
Growing diversity does not increase votes for anti-immigration candidates
Donald Trump's anti-immigration views were a feature of his 2016 presidential campaign. To what extent was his unexpected victory driven by voters' anger over immigrants moving into their neighborhoods, attending their children's schools, or working in local businesses? Not at all, according to a new study co-authored by Yale political scientist Gregory A. Huber.

Social Sciences - 21.11.2019
Women who spend their childhoods in deprived neighbourhoods face an increased risk of intimate partner violence
Intimate partner violence - physical, psychological, or sexual violence committed by a current or former partner - is the most common form of violence experienced by women worldwide. In the UK, an estimated 7% of women (approximately 1.1 million women) reported experiencing this violence in the last year alone according to the latest Crime Survey for England and Wales.