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Results 3481 - 3500 of 3521.


Life Sciences - Health - 07.01.2019
Scientists call for increased diversity in genomic research
Scientists call for increased diversity in genomic research
A growing number of genomic studies have generated important discoveries regarding human health and behaviour, but new research from the University of Oxford suggests that scientific advancement is limited by a lack of diversity.  The findings show that the people studied in genetic discovery research continue to be overwhelmingly of European descent, but also for the first time reveal that subjects are concentrated in a handful of countries - the UK, US and Iceland, and have specific demographic characteristics.

Health - 07.01.2019
Recent report places Glasgow as UK lead in pancreatic cancer research
A recent report has revealed that half of the top dozen UK pancreatic cancer researchers are based in Glasgow, with all six being affiliated with the University of Glasgow. The analysis, from the expertscape.com, confirms Glasgow's position as a leading centre of excellence for pancreatic cancer.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.01.2019
New material could ’drive wound healing’ using the body’s inbuilt healing system
Imperial researchers have developed a new bioinspired material that interacts with surrounding tissues to promote healing. Materials are widely used to help heal wounds: Collagen sponges help treat burns and pressure sores , and scaffold-like implants are used to repair broken bones. However, the process of tissue repair changes over time, so scientists are looking to biomaterials that interact with tissues as healing takes place.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.01.2019
New materials could ’drive wound healing’ by harnessing natural healing methods
Imperial researchers have developed new bioinspired material that interacts with surrounding tissues to promote healing. Materials are widely used to help heal wounds: Collagen sponges help treat burns and pressure sores , and scaffold-like implants are used to repair broken bones. However, the process of tissue repair changes over time, so scientists are looking to biomaterials that interact with tissues as healing takes place.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 07.01.2019
Can artificial intelligence tell a polar bear from a can opener?
Can artificial intelligence tell a polar bear from a can opener?
Science + Technology UCLA psychologists' experiments demonstrate severe limitations of 'deep learning' machines Stuart Wolpert How smart is the form of artificial intelligence known as deep learning computer networks, and how closely do these machines mimic the human brain? They have improved greatly in recent years, but still have a long way to go, a team of UCLA cognitive psychologists reports in the journal PLOS Computational Biology.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.01.2019
Automated phone calls may help patients to take medicines as prescribed, pilot study suggests
Automated phone calls may help patients to take medicines as prescribed, pilot study suggests
Remembering to take medication is vital for managing long term health conditions such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, or multiple conditions. Latest research from the University of Cambridge suggests that using interactive voice response (IVR) technology supports patients to take their medicine as prescribed.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 07.01.2019
Mars 2020 - geology and the conquest of space
Cathy Quantin-Nataf, Gilles Dromart and Gilles Montagnac of the Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon (LGL-TPE) are members of a research team developing one of the instruments that will go aboard the rover of the Mars 2020 Mission: the SuperCam. Watch live as NASA's next rover, Mars 2020, is built and tested in the Spacecraft Assembly Facility at the agency's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 07.01.2019
Gene map offers osteoporosis hope
An atlas of genetic markers may hold the key to unlocking new treatments for osteoporosis, thanks to University of Queensland researchers. The team identified more than 500 genetic markers which determine bone mineral density, one of the strongest risk factors for osteoporosis. Researchers hope the atlas will lead to the development of treatments by highlighting a select set of genes.

Pharmacology - 06.01.2019
Review finds more effective drugs to stop bleeding after childbirth
New evidence from a Cochrane review published today, led by a University of Birmingham scientist, suggests that alternative drugs may be more effective than the standard drug currently used to stop women bleeding after childbirth. Bleeding after birth, also known as postpartum haemorrhage, is the most common reason why mothers die in childbirth worldwide.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.01.2019
Recurrent miscarriage linked to faulty sperm
Multiple miscarriages may be linked to the poor quality of a man's sperm, suggests new research. The early-stage study, from scientists at Imperial College London , investigated the sperm quality of 50 men whose partners had suffered three or more consecutive miscarriages.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.01.2019
Tiny satellites could be
Tiny satellites could be "guide stars" for huge next-generation telescopes
Researchers design CubeSats with lasers to provide steady reference light for telescopes investigating distant planets. There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits" - instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light.

History / Archeology - 04.01.2019
Ancient urban villa with shrine for ancestor worship discovered in Egypt
Excavation work led by the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute team has unearthed a large urban villa dating back to the early New Kingdom, about 1500-1450 B.C.E. The findings at the site of Tell Edfu in southern Egypt include a large hall containing a rare and well-preserved example of a domestic shrine dedicated to family ancestors.

Physics - Materials Science - 04.01.2019
Excitons pave the way to more efficient electronics
Excitons pave the way to more efficient electronics
After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. They were the first to control exciton flows at room temperature. And now, the team of scientists from EPFL's Laboratory of Nanoscale Electronics and Structures (LANES) has taken their technology one step further.

Pharmacology - Health - 04.01.2019
Engineers create an inhalable form of messenger RNA
Engineers create an inhalable form of messenger RNA
Patients with lung disease could find relief by breathing in messenger RNA molecules. Messenger RNA, which can induce cells to produce therapeutic proteins, holds great promise for treating a variety of diseases. The biggest obstacle to this approach so far has been finding safe and efficient ways to deliver mRNA molecules to the target cells.

Environment - 04.01.2019
Upstart sparrows and chasing waterfalls: News from the College
From textbook-defying sparrows to powerful waterfalls, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Textbook-defying sparrows A seemingly well-established hypothesis in biology may need a rethink. The 'status signalling hypothesis' says that certain physical attributes of animals reflect their dominance in the group, regardless of age, body size and body condition.

Career - 04.01.2019
Effective Science Communication Begins With Collaboration
Carnegie Mellon University's Baruch Fischhoff says the key to communicating scientific research is simple: Collaborate. "Communicating science effectively can require an unnatural act: collaboration among experts from professional communities with different norms and practices,” wrote Fischhoff in his paper " Evaluating science communication ,” published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Life Sciences - 04.01.2019
Evolution: a new mechanism of genome size variation linked to the size of organisms discovered in tunicates
Publication from the IGFL in Current Biology on April 1st, 2019. The genome, which corresponds to the whole DNA content of a cell and is characteristic of an organism, can present big variations in size between species. If this size does not correlate with organismal "complexity", it is not clearly established yet if bigger or smaller genomes could be adaptive.

Health - 04.01.2019
Cutting off melanoma’s escape routes
Stopping melanoma from spreading to other parts of the body might be as simple as cutting off the blood supply to the cancer, according to researchers. Scientists from The University of Queensland's Diamantina Institute have discovered stem cells which form blood vessels in tumours, and have identified how to 'switch the cells off'.

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.01.2019
Climate change research produced reasons for concern and hope in 2018
In 2018, climate scientists and energy researchers at Stanford not only documented the devastating effects of climate change on the world, but also developed new technologies to help reduce carbon emissions and considered strategies to keep societies safe as the climate continues to change. The past year brought multiple extreme events to the US, including devastating wildfires to California and deadly hurricanes on the east coast.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 03.01.2019
Q&A: Creating a
Q&A: Creating a "Virtual Seismologist"
Understanding earthquakes is a challenging problem-not only because they are potentially dangerous but also because they are complicated phenomena that are difficult to study.