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Environment - Life Sciences - 02.01.2019
Melting ice sheets release tons of methane into the atmosphere
Melting ice sheets release tons of methane into the atmosphere
The Greenland Ice Sheet emits tons of methane according to a new study, showing that subglacial biological activity impacts the atmosphere far more than previously thought. An international team of researchers led by the University of Bristol camped for three months next to the Greenland Ice Sheet, sampling the meltwater that runs off a large catchment (> 600 km2) of the Ice Sheet during the summer months.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 02.01.2019
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A "pacemaker" for North African climate
Study shows the Sahara swung between lush and desert conditions every 20,000 years, in sync with monsoon activity. The Sahara desert is one of the harshest, most inhospitable places on the planet, covering much of North Africa in some 3.6 million square miles of rock and windswept dunes. But it wasn't always so desolate and parched.

Health - Environment - 02.01.2019
Is habitat restoration actually killing plants in the California wildlands?
Is habitat restoration actually killing plants in the California wildlands?
In 2014, plant biologists with the California Department of Agriculture reported an alarming discovery: native wildflowers and herbs, grown in nurseries and then planted in ecological restoration sites around California, were infected with Phytophthora tentaculata , a deadly exotic plant pathogen that causes root and stem rot.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.01.2019
Tumors backfire on chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is an effective treatment for breast cancer, yet some patients develop metastasis in spite of it. Researchers at EPFL have discovered that chemotherapy-treated mammary tumors produce small vesicles that may help them spread to other organs. The study is published. Some patients with breast cancer receive chemotherapy before the tumor is removed with surgery.

Health - 02.01.2019
UW-Madison life-expectancy paper nabs top honor from APHA
Work published by three University of Wisconsin researchers regarding decreasing the gap in life expectancy of the United States population compared to European peers, earned top honors from the American Public Health Association. The winning paper, "Meeting the Institute of Medicine's 2030 US Life Expectancy Target," was a collaboration between David Kindig, emeritus professor, population health sciences, Jenna Nobles, professor of sociology, and Moheb Zidan, PhD candidate in economics, UW-Madison.

Environment - 02.01.2019
Feisty hummingbirds prioritize fencing over feeding
Feisty hummingbirds prioritize fencing over feeding
Most hummingbirds have bills and tongues exquisitely designed to slip inside a flower, lap up nectar and squeeze every last drop of precious sugar water from their tongue to fuel their frenetic lifestyle. But in the tropics of South America, University of California, Berkeley, scientists are finding that some male hummers have traded efficient feeding for bills that are better at stabbing and plucking other hummingbirds as they fend off rivals for food and mates.

Physics - Life Sciences - 02.01.2019
Pushing the boundaries of the visible
Pushing the boundaries of the visible
Our cutting-edge technology platforms are key enablers of research at the FMI. One of the biggest of these, with the largest number of users, is the Facility for Advanced Imaging and Microscopy (FAIM). To find out more about the facility, and microscopy in general, we spoke to the joint heads of FAIM - Christel Genoud, who is responsible for Electron Microscopy, and Laurent Gelman, responsible for Light Microscopy.

Environment - 02.01.2019
Protecting proboscis monkeys from deforestation
A 10 year study of proboscis monkeys in Borneo has revealed that forest conversion to oil palm plantations is having a significant impact on the species. Nearly half of all primate species are threatened with extinction, with habitat destruction acting as the key driving force. New research studied proboscis monkeys from 2004 to 2014, finding that the protection of swamp forests is vital for their survival.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 02.01.2019
Searching for the lost ships of CortÚs
Divers with the research team explore the centuries-old anchor located off the coast of Mexico. Photo: Jonathan Kingston/National Geographic Image Collection Divers with the research team explore the centuries-old anchor located off the coast of Mexico. Photo: Jonathan Kingston/National Geographic Image Collection The discovery of a centuries-old anchor may help a UM researcher find the fleet the Spanish conquistador scuttled before conquering Mexico.

Computer Science - Mathematics - 02.01.2019
Customizing computer-aided design
Customizing computer-aided design
System breaks down complex designs into easily modifiable shapes for custom manufacturing and 3-D printing. MIT researchers have devised a technique that "reverse engineers" complex 3-D computer-aided design (CAD) models, making them far easier for users to customize for manufacturing and 3-D printing applications.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 01.01.2019
Martian drill set for Antarctic climate mission
A drill originally developed to break through Martian rocks is set to be deployed to Antarctica on a mission which could help us understand the history of Earth's changing climate. A team of University of Glasgow engineers are heading to a British Antarctic Survey (BAS) research station named Skytrain Ice Rise on Thursday 3 January with a sophisticated drill they originally developed for use on future unmanned Martian rover missions.

Health - Environment - 01.01.2019
From cycling to Eurovision - how Imperial can help your New Year’s resolutions
We take a look back at Imperial research from the past year to give you some inspiration for your 2019 new year's resolutions. Reduce alcohol intake Thinking of doing dry January? According to Imperial research , this may be something you want to keep up throughout the year… Earlier this year, Imperial researchers were among a team of international scientists to suggest there is no safe level of alcohol and instead the health risks outweigh any possible benefits.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 01.01.2019
Anna Frebel is searching the stars for clues to the universe's origins
Anna Frebel is searching the stars for clues to the universe’s origins
MIT astronomer and writer investigates ancient starlight and shares her excitement about the cosmos. In August 2002, Anna Frebel pressed pause on her undergraduate physics studies in Germany and spent her entire life savings on a plane ticket to take her halfway around the world, to a mountaintop observatory just outside Canberra, Australia.
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