News 2019


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Results 381 - 400 of 3531.


Earth Sciences - 20.11.2019
Huge tsunami hit Oman 1,000 years ago
Huge tsunami hit Oman 1,000 years ago
A natural event of similar magnitude would have devastating consequences today, warn researchers 15-meter high waves that pushed 100 tons boulders inland: This is more or less how one can imagine the tsunami that hit the coast of today's Sultanate of Oman about 1,000 years ago, as concluded by a recent study by the universities of Bonn, Jena, Freiburg and RWTH Aachen.

Art and Design - 20.11.2019
Beauty in the biased eye of the beholder
Beauty in the biased eye of the beholder
When we pass through an art gallery, what determines our idea of beauty? A University of Sydney study of how people rate the aesthetics of each artwork shows part of our aesthetic assessment is due to the painting you saw a few moments before. The research, led by PhD student Ms Sujin Kim in the School of Psychology , is published in the  Journal of Vision .

Chemistry - Environment - 20.11.2019
Creating Useful Chemicals Out of Thin Air
Humanity's reliance on fossil fuels is often thought of in the context of energy, but petroleum and natural gas are also important sources of raw materials for the manufacture of commodity chemicals. In concert with efforts to develop sustainable sources of energy, like wind and solar, there has been an increasing push to develop technologies that allow the production of chemicals from renewable resources.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2019
Emerging tick-borne parasite detected in UK
Scientists have detected an exotic tick-borne parasite within sheep in the North of Scotland, according to a new study. The research, by scientists at the University of Glasgow's School of Veterinary Medicine and Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, was published today in Emerging Infectious Diseases, the journal of the Centre for Disease Control (CDC).

Life Sciences - Research Management - 19.11.2019
UCL academics named in global list of influential researchers
Forty-four academics are included in Clarivate's 'Highly Cited Researchers 2019' list, which recognises authors of the most influential research papers around the world. The results are comparable with university peers such as Oxford (55 researchers recognised), Cambridge (53) and Imperial College London (34) and represent an increase since last year, when 41 UCL researchers were recognised.

Astronomy / Space Science - 19.11.2019
Evidence of missing neutron star
The leftovers from a spectacular supernova that revolutionised our understanding of how stars end their lives have finally been spotted by astronomers at Cardiff University. The scientists claim to have found evidence of the location of a neutron star that was left behind when a massive star ended its life in a gigantic explosion, leading to a famous supernova dubbed Supernova 1987A.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.11.2019
Depression puts South African girls at higher risk of contracting HIV
South African Actresses Khomotso Manyaka, right, and Keaoboka Makanyane, left, starred in the 2010 Oscar-nominated film "Life, above all," a drama about the impact of the impact of HIV-AIDS in their country. A new UC Berkeley-led analysis suggests that addressing the mental health needs of teen women in South Africa may help stem the spread of the disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2019
A new pathway to
A new pathway to "reprogram" killer cells
Killer cells of the immune system detect and kill infected cells or cancer cells. Researchers at the Institute of Pathology at the University of Bern have now discovered that the mechanism by which certain immune cells kill their target cells can also be used to control the killer cells themselves. This finding may be relevant to cancer immunotherapy.

Pharmacology - Health - 19.11.2019
Why some hospitals don’t prioritize the sickest heart transplant patients
Analysis of more than 29,000 adults listed on the national heart transplant registry from 2006 to 2015 shows how rules that give hospitals discretion in determining who gets a transplant result in large discrepancies in how sick patients are when they receive heart transplants at hospitals across the United States.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.11.2019
Technique to preserve sexual function after prostate cancer surgery
A UCLH and UCL led trial of a technique to preserve men's sexual potency after prostate cancer surgery has begun to recruit participants across the UK. The trial of the NeuroSAFE procedure - designed to avoid the removal during surgery of nerves near the prostate which are important for sexual function - is being led by UCLH consultant urological surgeon Greg Shaw and sponsored by UCL.

Transport - Innovation - 19.11.2019
Super-efficient wing takes off
Super-efficient wing takes off
Aeroelastic wing's first flight at Special Airport Oberpfaffenhofen Super-efficient wing takes off In a joint effort by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), researchers have successfully developed new technologies for lighter aircraft wings that are still extremely stable.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 19.11.2019
Ayahuasca compound changes brainwaves to vivid ’waking-dream’ state
Scientists have peered inside the brain to show how taking DMT affects human consciousness by significantly altering the brain's electrical activity. DMT (or dimethyltryptamine) is one of the main psychoactive constituents in ayahuasca, the psychedelic brew traditionally made from vines and leaves of the Amazon rainforest.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2019
KU Leuven researchers receive 3 million dollars to fight Crohn’s disease
Why do some patients with Crohn's disease still suffer from abdominal pain, even when their treatment is successful? With funding from the Helmsley Charitable Trust, researchers from Belgium and Sweden will spend the next three years examining the underlying mechanisms of this pain. Approximately 3 out of 1000 people have Crohn's disease, which is characterised by intestinal inflammation.

Economics / Business - 19.11.2019
Hubris behind corporate unethical behaviour
New research from The Australian National University (ANU) has found overconfidence driven by outstanding performance is the decisive factor when companies behave badly. When high-performing companies and individuals behave unethically it is because past successes make them arrogant or cut corners to maintain strong performance.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 19.11.2019
Trash Talk Hurts, Even When It Comes From a Robot
Trash talking has a long and colorful history of flustering game opponents, and now researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have demonstrated that discouraging words can be perturbing even when uttered by a robot. The trash talk in the study was decidedly mild, with utterances such as "I have to say you are a terrible player," and "Over the course of the game your playing has become confused." Even so, people who played a game with the robot - a commercially available humanoid robot known as Pepper - performed worse when the robot discouraged them and better when the robot encouraged them.

Physics - 19.11.2019
Novel approach to non-uniform superconductivity
Superconductivity has fascinated scientists for many years both for fundamental reasons and because it offers the potential to revolutionize current technologies. Materials only become superconductors - meaning that electrons can travel in them with no resistance - at very low temperatures. These days, this unique zero resistance superconductivity is commonly found in a number of technologies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Transport - 19.11.2019
How the road network determines traffic capacity
How the road network determines traffic capacity
ETH researchers have shown that we can use the structure of urban road networks to predict their traffic capacity. This information enables urban and transportation planners to quantify how changes will influence traffic volumes. People who commute by car will have an idea of what "traffic capacity" means, drawn from their own experience: as a stream of cars heads into a city early in the morning, the flow of traffic initially increases - until a critical point is reached in terms of the number of vehicles on the roads.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.11.2019
Visualizing DNA Labels in Cells and Tissues
A new bioengineering technique uses imaging to enable readout of the DNA barcodes of individual cells directly within tissues. This will allow researchers to combine information about the history of the cells, their present state, and their spatial position. Complex living things are made up of collections of individual cells all working together.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 19.11.2019
Patients Missing One Brain Hemisphere Show Surprisingly Intact Neural Connections
In the most extreme cases of epilepsy, when a patient's seizures are relentless and do not respond to other treatments, doctors may perform a surgery called a hemispherectomy to remove half of the patient's brain. Remarkably, many of these patients are cured of their seizures and possess basic motor, language, and cognitive skills.

Social Sciences - Health - 19.11.2019
Estimating undiagnosed abnormal heart rhythm cases in older adults
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of abnormal heart rhythm linked to higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, including stroke. A risk factor for AF is increasing age; however, it is unclear how many older adults likely have the condition. A new study from the University of Minnesota, led by recent School of Public Health graduate Mary Rooney, examined the prevalence of undiagnosed AF in thousands of older adults.