News 2019


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Results 41 - 60 of 2491.


Health - Life Sciences - 18.09.2019
Points to new drug target in fight against cancer
Points to new drug target in fight against cancer
Research shows how a cancer-linked protein blocks key mitochondrial gateway Researchers have identified a potential new drug target in the fight against cancer. In a study this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , an international team of researchers describe how a cancer-linked version of the protein mitoNEET can close the primary gateways in the outer surface of mitochondria , the "power plants” that supply cells with chemical energy.

Computer Science / Telecom - Astronomy / Space Science - 18.09.2019
Deep dive for dark matter may aid all of data science
Deep dive for dark matter may aid all of data science
National Science Foundation backs Rice-led effort to create science-aware artificial intelligence A Rice University scientist and his colleagues are booting their search for dark matter into a study they hope will enhance all of data science. Rice astroparticle physicist Christopher Tunnell and his team have received a $1 million National Science Foundation (NSF) grant to reimagine data science techniques and help push data-intensive physical sciences past the tipping point to discovery.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.09.2019
Interactions between bacteria and parasites
Interactions between bacteria and parasites
A team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has completed the first study of the effects of a simultaneous infection with blood flukes (schistosomes) and the bacterium Helicobacter pylori - a fairly common occurrence in some parts of the world. They identified a complex interaction which resulted - among other effects - in a weakening of the adverse impact of the pathogens acting individually.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 18.09.2019
CMU Professor Assists International Experiment in Pinning Down Elusive Neutrino Mass
An international team of scientists has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant, yet elusive, elementary particles in our universe. At the 2019 Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics conference in Toyama, Japan, leaders from the KATRIN experiment reported Friday that the estimated range for the rest mass of the neutrino is between 0.02 and 1 electron volts, or eV.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science / Telecom - 18.09.2019
Artificial intelligence probes dark matter in the universe
Artificial intelligence probes dark matter in the universe
A team of physicists and computer scientists at ETH Zurich has developed a new approach to the problem of dark matter and dark energy in the universe. Using machine learning tools, they programmed computers to teach themselves how to extract the relevant information from maps of the universe. Understanding the how our universe came to be what it is today and what will be its final destiny is one of the biggest challenges in science.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 17.09.2019
William Meadow, pioneer in neonatal intensive care and medical ethics, 1948-2019
About 466 million years ago, long before the age of the dinosaurs, the Earth froze. The seas began to ice over at the Earth's poles, and the new range of temperatures around the planet set the stage for a boom of new species. The cause of this ice age was a mystery, until now: a new study by a group of scientists including a University of Chicago professor argues that the ice age was caused by global cooling, triggered by extra dust in the atmosphere from a giant asteroid collision in outer space.

Innovation / Technology - 17.09.2019
Smiths Detection joins Imperial White City's security and defence ecosystem
Smiths Detection joins Imperial White City’s security and defence ecosystem
Global threat detection and security technologies company Smiths Detection have announced the opening of an office at Imperial College London. The new office is opened in the I-Hub with the intention of establishing an R&D partnership between the two organizations. Smiths Detection, part of Smiths Group, specialises in sensors and detection technology for security and defence purposes.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 17.09.2019
Identifies a climate signature in rivers globally
A new study, including scientists from Cardiff University and published today , discovers a clear climatic signature on rivers globally that challenges existing theories. If you walk from a river's source to its mouth, you walk a path that descends in elevation. In some rivers, this path will descend steeply out of the uplands, and then flatten out in the lowlands.

Chemistry - Physics - 17.09.2019
A molecular bridge further
A molecular bridge further
Electronics built from molecules could open up new possibilities in the miniaturization of circuits in the future. Empa researchers, together with partners from Switzerland, the Netherlands, Israel, and the UK, succeeded in solving a crucial detail in the realization of such circuit elements: A molecular bridge for electrons that remains mechanically and electronically stable at room temperature.

Computer Science / Telecom - Innovation / Technology - 17.09.2019
ESnet a Key Partner on Project to Build Novel Network Research Infrastructure
ESnet a Key Partner on Project to Build Novel Network Research Infrastructure
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is funding a collaborative effort to create a nationwide research infrastructure that will enable the computer science and networking community to develop and test novel architectures that could yield a faster, more secure Internet. Dubbed " FABRIC ," the four-year, $20 million project is intended to support exploratory research, at scale, in computer networking, distributed computing systems, and next-generation applications.

Innovation / Technology - Life Sciences - 17.09.2019
Novel viruses carried by the Scottish midge
Novel viruses carried by the Scottish midge
Scientists discover novel viruses carried by the Scottish midge Scotland's biting midge population carries previously-unknown viruses, according to new research. The study - published in Viruses and carried out by scientists at the MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research (CVR) - used high throughput sequencing to study, for the first time, the total collection of viruses in the biting midge ( Culicoides impunctatus ).

Social Sciences - 17.09.2019
Major new report takes stock of violence in Scotland
Researchers based at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research have published a major new report which consolidates existing knowledge on violence in Scotland. A wealth of research has been conducted in Scotland over the last decade which has been essential in helping us understand violent offending in this country, but this is the first time that evidence has been compiled into one document.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.09.2019
How animal research is helping fight antibiotic resistance
How animal research is helping fight antibiotic resistance
We explore how animal research is playing a vital role in the battle against antibiotic resistant superbugs. People do not expect to die from a simple infection. But that might change: the world is running out of effective antibiotics. For decades, diseases like bacterial gastroenteritis and colitis have not been a serious health threat, thanks to antibiotics.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 17.09.2019
Brain activity intensity drives need for sleep
Brain activity intensity drives need for sleep
The intensity of brain activity during the day, notwithstanding how long we've been awake, appears to increase our need for sleep, according to a new UCL study in zebrafish. The research, published in Neuron , found a gene that responds to brain activity in order to coordinate the need for sleep. It helps shed new light on how sleep is regulated in the brain.

Environment - 17.09.2019
Wood that shapes itself
Wood that shapes itself
Researchers from ETH Zurich, Empa and the University of Stuttgart have developed a new technique involving a controlled drying process that makes wooden panels bend into a pre-set shape without the use of any mechanical force. Wood is a renewable resource and a popular, sustainable construction material.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 17.09.2019
Recognizing, Promoting and Understanding Developmental Steps of Small Children
Recognizing, Promoting and Understanding Developmental Steps of Small Children
A new app allows parents to playfully support their children as they explore their surroundings. They can record important motor, cognitive and linguistic milestones and receive scientifically sound information on each step. The app was developed by psychologists at the University of Zurich, who are researching the individual development of children.

Environment - 17.09.2019
Montreal Protocol prevents depletion of ozone layer, but
Montreal Protocol prevents depletion of ozone layer, but
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which celebrated its 30th anniversary in 2017, was the first UN multilateral environmental agreement to be universally ratified (197 Parties by 2008). The aim of this treaty is to protect the stratospheric ozone layer - essential for life on Earth - by phasing out the production and controlling emissions of ozone-depleting substances (chlorofluorocarbons, CFCs).

Physics - 17.09.2019
3D super-resolution helping scientists take a closer look
Nanoscale microscopy, a tool relied on by scientists tackling tough health challenges, will be more accessible and affordable, thanks to a team of university researchers. The University of Queensland's Dr Martin Ploschner said super-resolution microscopy allowed users to observe breathtaking details of nanoscale structures, but for many labs, it was a costly addition to their usual microscopes.

Pedagogy - Health - 17.09.2019
Play equipment that gets kids moving
Parents will be pleased to know that more is not always better when it comes to play equipment for their children. A study by researchers at The University of Queensland found children who have access to fixed play equipment like swings and slides and fewer electronic devices were more likely to meet national physical activity guidelines.

Health - Innovation / Technology - 17.09.2019
New incubator to fuel life science innovation in Stanford Research Park
New incubator to fuel life science innovation in Stanford Research Park
A recently vacated building in Stanford Research Park will be the future home of a new life sciences incubator and lab suites. Located near campus, this incubator will serve as an anchor for a preeminent life sciences district. To bolster the long-term vision of a thriving bioscience community near its campus, Stanford University is working to shape part of Stanford Research Park into a leading life science district focused on fast-growing sectors such as bioengineering, gene therapies, diagnostics, medical technology and devices, surgical robotics and digital health.

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