News 2019


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Results 61 - 80 of 784.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 19.03.2019
What is on the ground in a city linked inequality in life satisfaction
Cities which have a balance between facilities, housing and natural green spaces have lower levels of socio-economic inequality in the life satisfaction of its residents, according to new research. ‌ In a European-wide study, led by the University of Glasgow MRC/CSO Social & Public Health Sciences Unit and published today in Social Science & Medicine, scientists found links between urban design and levels of inequality in life satisfaction.

Health - 19.03.2019
Finds that long-serving veterans live longer
Veterans with a long period of service in the Armed Forces have a reduced risk of early death, according to a study by the University of Glasgow. People who spend longer in employment are generally at lower risk of early death (the ‘healthy worker effect'), but few studies have looked at whether this holds good for military service.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.03.2019
Links breastfeeding with lower risk of heart disease
Mothers who breastfeed their babies have a lower risk of developing or dying from heart disease than those who don't breastfeed, finds new research from the University of Sydney. Published in Journal of the American Heart Association , the study of over 100,000 Australian mothers participating in the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study found women who breastfed had a 14 percent lower risk of developing, and 34 percent lower risk of dying from, cardiovascular disease.

Environment - Health - 19.03.2019
Researchers explore the effects of climate change on hunger
Researchers explore the effects of climate change on hunger
As more of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide enters the atmosphere, leading to climate change, crops might carry fewer nutrients, like zinc and iron. Stanford researchers explored this trend and regions most likely to be hurt by it. As the climate changes, where plants grow best is predicted to shift.

Life Sciences - 19.03.2019
Australia’s rarest bird on menu for wedged-tailed eagle
A successful rabbit cull two decades ago has had unforeseen consequences, with a study finding wedge-tailed eagles are now preying on one of Australia's rarest birds. The University of Queensland research found that more native species, including the critically-endangered plains-wanderer, were now being taken by wedge-tailed eagles.

Environment - 18.03.2019
Researchers make a key discovery on how alpine streams work
Researchers make a key discovery on how alpine streams work
An EPFL study has showed that until now, scientists have been substantially underestimating how quickly gases are exchanged between mountain streams and the atmosphere. Based on research in the Swiss cantons of Vaud and Valais, an EPFL laboratory has shed new light on the role of mountain streams to emit greenhouse gases.

Materials Science - Physics - 18.03.2019
Scientists create fire-retardant sensors for safety gear in harsh environments
Scientists create fire-retardant sensors for safety gear in harsh environments
Self-extinguishing device uses body movement to determine when workers are in danger Meghan Steele Horan Imagine a device that could stand up to even the most intense fires so that it could automatically signal others when a firefighter is immobilized on the job. UCLA researchers and colleagues at two other universities have designed the first fire-retardant, self-extinguishing motion sensor and power generator.

Health - Innovation / Technology - 18.03.2019
Ability of wearable technology to detect atrial fibrillation
Stanford researchers presented preliminary findings from a virtual study that enrolled more than 400,000 participants. Researchers from the Stanford University School of Medicine today presented preliminary results of the Apple Heart Study, an unprecedented virtual study with over 400,000 enrolled participants.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.03.2019
Shows novel use of mosquito-killing drug may reduce childhood malaria
Childhood malaria episodes could be reduced by 20% during malaria transmission season if an entire village population were given the mosquito-killing drug ivermectin or IVM every three weeks, according to a new study published in The Lancet international medical journal. The study represents the first scientific evidence that repeated mass administration of IVM can reduce malaria incidence in children aged five or younger without an increase in adverse events for the wider population given the drug, the researchers said.

Computer Science / Telecom - Health - 18.03.2019
New Argonne supercomputer, built for next-gen AI, will be most powerful in U.S
The most powerful computer ever built in the United States will make its home at Argonne National Laboratory in 2021, the U.S. Department of Energy and Intel announced today. Aurora , the United States' first exascale computer, will combine unprecedented processing power with the growing potential of artificial intelligence to help solve the world's most important and complex scientific challenges.

Chemistry - Physics - 18.03.2019
A new way to generate hydrogen fuel from seawater
A new way to generate hydrogen fuel from seawater
Splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen presents an alternative to fossil fuels, but purified water is a precious resource. A Stanford-led team has now developed a way to harness seawater - Earth's most abundant source - for chemical energy. Stanford researchers have devised a way to generate hydrogen fuel using solar power, electrodes and saltwater from San Francisco Bay.

Physics - 18.03.2019
Cutting-edge fingerprint technology could help in the fight against knife crime
A new fingerprint technique capable of producing high-resolution images from the most challenging of metal surfaces, including knives and firearms - is already attracting interest from detectives working on cold cases. Experts at the University of Nottingham in collaboration with the University of Derby , are using highly sensitive, non-destructive Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS) to develop high resolution fingerprint images from surfaces conventional fingerprint imaging fails to pick up at all.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.03.2019
Potentially deadly and memory-killing effect of opioid abuse explored
Doctors treating drug-overdose patients should be on the lookout for abnormal brain swelling, a byproduct of a mysterious syndrome that can be fatal and may cause profound amnesia in survivors, a new study suggests. Doctors in Massachusetts recently reported seeing clusters of patients with a history of opioid abuse who present with an inability to form new memories.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.03.2019
Key to common cancer pathway in discovery that could unlock new therapies
Scientists have long known that the protein p53, when mutated, is a critical factor in the onset of many different kinds of cancer. In its unmutated form, however, it is known to protect against cancer. These dueling qualities make the p53 protein and the gene that makes it among the most studied in biology, yet the molecular mechanisms that govern its stability and function have yet to be fully understood.

Pharmacology - Health - 18.03.2019
Caterpillars could hold the secret to new treatment for Osteoarthritis
A substance from a fungus that infects caterpillars could offer new treatment hope for sufferers of osteoarthritis according to new research. Cordycepin is an active compound isolated from the caterpillar fungus Cordyceps militaris and has proved to be effective in treating osteoarthritis by blocking inflammation in a new way, through reducing a process called polyadenylation.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.03.2019
New Potential Approach to Treat Atopic Dermatitis
How does the immune system respond to fungi on our skin? Researchers at the University of Zurich have demonstrated that the same immune cells that protect us against skin fungi also encourage the inflammatory symptoms of atopic dermatitis. An antibody therapy could alleviate this chronic inflammatory skin disease.

Environment - 18.03.2019
Mutually-assured destruction in heated coral-algae war
Mutually-assured destruction in heated coral-algae war
Global warming and acidifying oceans are creating an intense competition between coral and algae that both are set to lose. University of Queensland School of Biological Sciences ' Dr Kristen Brown said it was previously thought that human-induced stressors like climate change would result in an algal takeover, but experiments conducted on the southern Great Barrier Reef have suggested otherwise.

Physics - Materials Science - 15.03.2019
High-quality bespoke nanocrystals
Stanford researchers redefine what it means for low-cost semiconductors, called quantum dots, to be near-perfect and find that quantum dots meet quality standards set by more expensive alternatives. Tiny, easy-to-produce particles, called quantum dots, may soon take the place of more expensive single crystal semiconductors in advanced electronics found in solar panels, camera sensors and medical imaging tools.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2019
Purple bacteria visualize 'big eaters'
Purple bacteria visualize ’big eaters’
Tumors are very different at cellular and molecular level making them difficult to diagnose and treat. A team from Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Helmholtz Zentrum München has now shown that harmless purple bacteria are capable of visualizing aspects of this heterogeneity in the tumors.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 15.03.2019
New 3D map will help solve long-standing cosmic mysteries
New 3D map will help solve long-standing cosmic mysteries
A new study led by ANU has created a 3D map of the magnetic field in a small wedge of the Milky Way galaxy, paving the way for future discoveries that will improve our understanding of the origin and evolution of the Universe. Lead researcher Dr Aris Tritsis from the ANU Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics (RSAA) said this was the first study to tomographically measure the strength of our galaxy's magnetic field.