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Agronomy/Food Science



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Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.06.2019
The natural lipids in buttermilk could contribute to reducing cardiovascular risk in vulnerable populations
A French consortium led by INRA, in collaboration with INSERM, the Universities of Lyon and Clermont Auvergne, Lyon Civil Hospitals and the Human Nutrition Research Centres (CRNH) of Rhône-Alpes and Auvergne, have now demonstrated that consuming certain lipids present naturally in dairy products (called "polar lipids") could reduce the cardiovascular risk in overweight postmenopausal women by lowering their blood levels of LDL-cholesterol ("bad" cholesterol) and triglycerides.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.06.2019
Consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cardiovascular disease
Consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cardiovascular disease
In an article published May 30, 2019 in the British Medical Journal , researchers from Inserm, Inra, Université Paris 13 and Cnam in the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN) report an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in consumers of ultra-processed foods in the NutriNet-Santé cohort.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.06.2019
A combination of insecticides and mite weakens honeybees
A combination of insecticides and mite weakens honeybees
Today, scientists of the Institute of Bee Health of the University of Bern and the honeybee research association COLOSS have published an article in the peer-reviewed journal Scientific Reports that shows a synergistic time-lag interaction between the parasitic mite Varroa destructor and neonicotinoid insecticides reducing survival of winter honeybees, Apis mellifera.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 29.05.2019
Chimpanzees Catch and Eat Crabs
Chimpanzees Catch and Eat Crabs
Chimpanzees have a mainly vegetarian diet, but do occasionally eat meat. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now shown for the first time that chimpanzees also eat crabs. In the rainforest of Guinea, the researchers observed how chimpanzees regularly fish for crabs. “Our study is the first evidence showing that non-human apes regularly catch and eat aquatic fauna,” says Kathelijne Koops, researcher at the Department of Anthropology at the University of Zurich.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.05.2019
New professor brings precision data to the dairy barn
Joao Dorea, faculty member in the UW-Madison Department of Dairy Science, explains to colleague Victor Cabrera results he observed using an automated computer vision system that was developed to monitor the behavior of dairy calves. Photo by Ted Halbach/UW-Madison Department of Dairy Science The same technology that alerts a self-driving car that there's a pedestrian in the crosswalk could also warn a dairy farmer that a calf is getting sick-even if that calf is mingled among dozens of healthy ones.

Agronomy / Food Science - 08.05.2019
Obesity rising faster in rural areas than cities
Obesity rising faster in rural areas than cities
Obesity is increasing more rapidly in the world's rural areas than in cities, according to a new study of global trends in body-mass index (BMI). The research analysed the height and weight data of more than 112 million adults across urban and rural areas of 200 countries and territories between 1985 and 2017.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.05.2019
For giant pandas, bamboo is vegetarian 'meat'
For giant pandas, bamboo is vegetarian ’meat’
New research using an approach called nutritional geometry sheds light on giant panda evolution, and their unusual transition from carnivorous ancestry to extreme specialised herbivory. Giant pandas are extremely specialised herbivores that feed almost exclusively on highly fibrous bamboo, despite descending from primarily flesh-eating carnivores.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.05.2019
Put down the protein shake: variety of protein better for health
University of Sydney researchers have examined whether there are any ongoing ramifications or potential side-effects from long-term high protein intake or from consuming certain types of amino acids. Amino acids have long been touted by the fitness and bodybuilding communities for their muscle building benefits.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.05.2019
Would you like maggots with that?
Would you like maggots with that?
University of Queensland researchers are investigating the use of maggots, locusts and other alternative proteins in a range of specialty foods. University of Queensland Meat Science Professor Dr Louwrens Hoffman said conventional livestock industries would not be able to meet worldwide demand for meat, and alternatives were needed to replace or complement traditional protein sources.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 23.04.2019
Improved WIC food packages reduced children's risk for obesity
Improved WIC food packages reduced children’s risk for obesity
Sweeping changes designed to make the food more nutritious in a federal assistance program for low-income families reduced the risk for obesity for 4-year-olds who had been on the program since birth, according to new research. The study of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children, or WIC, was conducted by researchers from the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health , Tulane University and Los Angeles-based PHFE WIC, the nation's largest local WIC agency and a program of Heluna Health.

Agronomy / Food Science - 03.04.2019
The future of agriculture is computerized
The future of agriculture is computerized
Machine learning can reveal optimal growing conditions to maximize taste and other features. MIT researchers developed a machine learning system that has identified the ideal growing conditions for basil, reports Chase Purdy for Quartz .

Agronomy / Food Science - 02.04.2019
Berkeley's soda tax election changed drinking habits months before prices went up
Berkeley’s soda tax election changed drinking habits months before prices went up
Sticker shock may not have been the only force driving the decline in soda consumption in Berkeley after residents voted to enact the nation's first soda tax in November 2014. The election, and the vigorous campaigning around the tax that led up to the vote, also may have played a major role in changing habits, shows a new study by economists at the University of California, Berkeley.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.03.2019
New test method: Simulating in vitro what happens with proteins in vivo
New test method: Simulating in vitro what happens with proteins in vivo
Take protein - for instance, in the form of skimmed-milk powder - and put a pinch of it in a test tube. To determine how efficiently this dietary protein is converted into endogenous protein, follow the recipe described in the online science step-by-step in the laboratory. And voilà, the value of the protein, i.e. its benefit for humans, is revealed.

Business / Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.03.2019
Managers in global supply chains need to do more to tackle modern slavery
More needs to be done to tackle modern slavery in supply chains in Brazil - one of the world's biggest suppliers of beef and an important source of timber. Whilst some businesses in Brazil are already putting measures in place to tackle modern slavery in their supply chains, there is a lack of consistency in approach, action is voluntary, and initiatives are frequently limited to specific communities or locations, according to new research.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 28.02.2019
Fighting mystery killer in UQ’s own backyard
University of Queensland researchers trying to pinpoint the mystery killer behind ‘pasture dieback' find their research is fascinating - but they would much prefer to watch grass grow. Dieback, which causes large tracts of pasture to unexpectedly collapse and die, has been identified at two sites at UQ's Gatton campus.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.02.2019
Three years into soda tax, sugary drink consumption down more than 50 percent in Berkeley
Three years into soda tax, sugary drink consumption down more than 50 percent in Berkeley
Consumption of sugary drinks in Berkeley's diverse and low-income neighborhoods dropped precipitously in 2015, just months after the city levied the nation's first soda tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. Three years later, residents in these neighborhoods reported drinking 52 percent fewer servings of sugary drinks than they did before the tax was passed in November 2014, shows a new report from the University of California, Berkeley.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 21.02.2019
New Method Discovered: the Secrets of Lactose Digestion Revealed
New Method Discovered: the Secrets of Lactose Digestion Revealed
Around two-thirds of the global adult population cannot digest lactose - milk sugar - due to a deficiency in lactase, the enzyme that is required for lactose digestion in humans. Generally, consumers are unaware of whether they are able to digest the lactose contained in dairy products. However, Agroscope and Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV) researchers have now discovered a new method to measure the presence of lactase in the human body, and consequently determine an individual's ability to digest lactose.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.02.2019
Is lab-grown meat really better for the environment?
Growing meat in the laboratory may do more damage to the climate in the long run than meat from cattle, according to new research. In a first-of-its-kind study from the LEAP (Livestock, Environment and People) programme at the Oxford Martin School, the climate-change impact of several production methods for lab-grown and farmed beef was assessed accounting for the differing greenhouse gases produced.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 08.02.2019
Wine before beer, or beer before wine? Either way, you'll be hungover
Wine before beer, or beer before wine? Either way, you’ll be hungover
"Beer before wine and you'll feel fine; wine before beer and you'll feel queer" goes the age-old aphorism. But scientists have now shown that it doesn't matter how you order your drinks - if you drink too much, you're still likely to be ill. Unpleasant as hangovers are, we should remember that they do have one important benefit...

Agronomy / Food Science - 21.01.2019
Teens keep active despite asthma or eczema
A fresh look by the University of Bristol at how teenagers are affected by their asthma, eczema or obesity has some reassuring findings published in BMJ Open today (Monday 21 January). Researchers supported by the NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Centre found that both girls and boys at the ages of 12, 14 and 16 did not experience different levels of active or sedentary time if they had asthma or eczema compared to their peers.