News 2019



Results 1 - 18 of 18.

Business / Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.03.2019
Managers in global supply chains need to do more to tackle modern slavery
More needs to be done to tackle modern slavery in supply chains in Brazil - one of the world's biggest suppliers of beef and an important source of timber. Whilst some businesses in Brazil are already putting measures in place to tackle modern slavery in their supply chains, there is a lack of consistency in approach, action is voluntary, and initiatives are frequently limited to specific communities or locations, according to new research.

Business / Economics - Social Sciences - 13.03.2019
Special effects: How a movie could reduce corruption
Special effects: How a movie could reduce corruption
A film and texting campaign can increase anticorruption reports from citizens, study shows. They don't give an Academy Award for this, but a Nigerian feature film, "Water of Gold," made viewers significantly more likely to report corruption, according to a new paper co-authored by an MIT researcher.

Business / Economics - 07.03.2019
Democracy fosters economic growth
Democracy fosters economic growth
Researchers find vast gains in productivity after countries democratize. As long as democracy has existed, there have been democracy skeptics - from Plato warning of mass rule to contemporary critics claiming authoritarian regimes can fast-track economic programs. But a new study co-authored by an MIT economist shows that when it comes to growth, democracy significantly increases development.

Administration - Business / Economics - 06.03.2019
Finds flaws in veterans' claims system
Finds flaws in veterans’ claims system
Stanford researchers examining the veterans' appeals process find that legal errors and due process mistakes while processing claims are much higher than publicly reported. A new study by Stanford scholars and their colleagues shines a stark spotlight on governance issues that have plagued a cornerstone of the nation's administrative system for years: rampant errors and a backlog of appeals cases involving veterans' benefits.

Environment - Business / Economics - 04.03.2019
National Climate Policy Pays Off
The efforts of developed economies to reduce their carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by boosting the use of renewable energy sources and increasing energy efficiency are beginning to pay off. This is the result of a study conducted by an international team of researchers that includes scientists from Heidelberg.

Business / Economics - 01.03.2019
Stable work schedules mean better sleep for retail workers
Improving schedule stability in the retail sector means better sleep for sales associates, according to a new study co-authored by a leading UChicago scholar of work-life issues. The study was a randomized experiment conducted at Gap Inc., designed to improve multiple aspects of scheduling practices in hourly retail jobs-from predictability to consistency to workers' input.

Business / Economics - 28.02.2019
An easy life hack to make weekends more refreshing
An easy life hack to make weekends more refreshing
When it comes to time off, America is definitely not a world leader. A review of mandated vacation policy in 21 countries with advanced economies by the Center for Economic and Policy Research reports that the United States is the only country that doesn't guarantee workers paid time off, and about one quarter of U.S. workers don't receive paid holidays and vacation days.

Business / Economics - 28.02.2019
Small and medium-sized towns are surprisingly innovative
Small and medium-sized towns are surprisingly innovative
Small and medium-sized towns are increasingly appearing on the radar of policy makers all over Europe. Findings from a project on the role and significance of these towns in Switzerland show that national policy and planning overlook their potential. For a long time, policy and research on urban development have primarily focused on large cities.

Business / Economics - 20.02.2019
How to save a seabird
How to save a seabird
In the 1990s, the endangered status of the short-tailed albatross catalyzed efforts to reduce the number of birds accidentally killed as bycatch in Alaska, home to the country's biggest fisheries.

Business / Economics - 08.02.2019
Time-shift TV does not reduce amount of live TV, ads consumers watch
Time-shift television, a technology that allows people to watch TV shows they missed without presetting devices to record content, is becoming more widely available, giving those with the feature the opportunity and flexibility to view previously aired programs. A new study looked at whether this technology has affected how people watch TV.

Business / Economics - Psychology - 07.02.2019
Why forgetting at work can be a good thing
Why forgetting at work can be a good thing
The amount of information and data which workers find themselves confronted with every day has increased enormously over the past few years. Globalisation and digitalisation have led to a steady increase in the complexity of work and business processes. Anything that is up-to-date today can already be outdated tomorrow.

Business / Economics - 04.02.2019
Monthly wages are an important step towards economic development
Across developing economies, most workers and agricultural producers are paid are paid on a daily basis. This has a negative impact on their ability to generate savings for large expenses. Researchers from UZH show dairy farmers and agricultural workers prefer to be paid once at the end of the month, rather then daily, because monthly payments schemes are an efficient tool to increase saving.

Politics - Business / Economics - 30.01.2019
Tuning out: What happens when you drop Facebook?
The early promise and excitement of social media ' its ability to connect people around the world and inspire grass-roots activism ' has given way to fears that it is making us depressed and more politically polarized than ever. But is that really happening? In one of the largest-ever randomized evaluations of Facebook's broader social impacts, Stanford economists look at common assumptions about the platform and its effects on individuals and society.

Environment - Business / Economics - 23.01.2019
The double-edged sword of palm oil
Researchers have found strong evidence that oil palm production gains in Cameroon are coming from extensification instead of intensification. Possible solutions for reversing the trend include improving crop and processing yields by using more high-yielding seed types, replanting old plantations and upgrading milling technologies.

Business / Economics - 21.01.2019
Ers take a step forward in understanding human feet
Researchers have taken strides in understanding how human feet evolved to enhance walking and running, setting us apart from species such as chimpanzees. Findings from The University of Queensland and University of Exeter study could be used to improve exercises for foot-related injuries, understanding of conditions such as flat feet, and the design of footwear.

Business / Economics - 16.01.2019
Nudging Does Not Necessarily Improve Decisions
Nudging Does Not Necessarily Improve Decisions
Nudging, the concept of influencing people's behavior without imposing rules, bans or coercion, is an idea that government officials and marketing specialists alike are keen to harness, and itis often viewed as a one-size-fits-all solution. Now, a study by researchers from the University of Zurich puts things into perspective: Whether a nudge really does improve decisions depends on a person's underlying decision-making process.

Business / Economics - 11.01.2019
Why people make up their minds sooner than they realize
You may think you are being prudent in taking the time to gather as much information as possible before making up your mind, but a new study finds that people consume far less information than expected before making judgments and decisions. Whether buying a new car, hiring a job candidate or getting married, people assume they can and will use more information to make their decisions than they actually end up using, according to research from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business.

Business / Economics - 11.01.2019
Gamblers predicted Brexit before financial traders
Gamblers predicted Brexit before financial traders
Research shows how financial markets should have predicted Brexit hours before they eventually did, and that betting markets beat currency markets to the result by an hour - producing a "close to risk-free" profit-making opportunity, according to economists.   It looks like the gamblers had a better sense that Leave could win, or that it could at least go either way Tom Auld International finance markets lagged behind punters having a flutter whe