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Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2019
A new pathway to
A new pathway to "reprogram" killer cells
Killer cells of the immune system detect and kill infected cells or cancer cells. Researchers at the Institute of Pathology at the University of Bern have now discovered that the mechanism by which certain immune cells kill their target cells can also be used to control the killer cells themselves. This finding may be relevant to cancer immunotherapy.

Pharmacology - Health - 19.11.2019
Why some hospitals don’t prioritize the sickest heart transplant patients
Analysis of more than 29,000 adults listed on the national heart transplant registry from 2006 to 2015 shows how rules that give hospitals discretion in determining who gets a transplant result in large discrepancies in how sick patients are when they receive heart transplants at hospitals across the United States.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.11.2019
Technique to preserve sexual function after prostate cancer surgery
A UCLH and UCL led trial of a technique to preserve men's sexual potency after prostate cancer surgery has begun to recruit participants across the UK. The trial of the NeuroSAFE procedure - designed to avoid the removal during surgery of nerves near the prostate which are important for sexual function - is being led by UCLH consultant urological surgeon Greg Shaw and sponsored by UCL.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2019
KU Leuven researchers receive 3 million dollars to fight Crohn’s disease
Why do some patients with Crohn's disease still suffer from abdominal pain, even when their treatment is successful? With funding from the Helmsley Charitable Trust, researchers from Belgium and Sweden will spend the next three years examining the underlying mechanisms of this pain. Approximately 3 out of 1000 people have Crohn's disease, which is characterised by intestinal inflammation.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.11.2019
Visualizing DNA Labels in Cells and Tissues
A new bioengineering technique uses imaging to enable readout of the DNA barcodes of individual cells directly within tissues. This will allow researchers to combine information about the history of the cells, their present state, and their spatial position. Complex living things are made up of collections of individual cells all working together.

Social Sciences - Health - 19.11.2019
Estimating undiagnosed abnormal heart rhythm cases in older adults
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of abnormal heart rhythm linked to higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, including stroke. A risk factor for AF is increasing age; however, it is unclear how many older adults likely have the condition. A new study from the University of Minnesota, led by recent School of Public Health graduate Mary Rooney, examined the prevalence of undiagnosed AF in thousands of older adults.

Pharmacology - Health - 18.11.2019
Improving the odds for patients with heart pumps
Improving the odds for patients with heart pumps
A new Yale study shows that some patients being treated for severe heart failure with a battery-operated pump saw significant improvement after additionally using neurohormonal blockade (NHB) drug therapy. NHB therapy, which includes three broad categories of drugs, including ACE inhibitors, has long been the standard therapy for treating heart failure.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.11.2019
Scientists make vampire bats ’glow’ to simulate vaccine spread
Scientists have used 'glowing' fluorescent gel to estimate the potential effectiveness of spreadable vaccines to control diseases in wild bats. The study - led by researchers at the Universities of Glasgow and Michigan, and published today in Nature Ecology and Evolution - found that a low effort vaccination programme could substantially reduce rabies transmission in wild vampire bats, thereby reducing the risk of lethal infections in humans and livestock.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.11.2019
Invasive heart treatments often needless
A large, international study led by Stanford and New York University found that invasive procedures are no better than medications and lifestyle advice at treating heart disease that's severe but stable. Patients with severe but stable heart disease who are treated with medications and lifestyle advice alone are no more at risk of a heart attack or death than those who undergo invasive surgical procedures, according to a large, federally-funded clinical trial led by researchers at the Stanford School of Medicine and New York University's medical school.

Health - Social Sciences - 18.11.2019
Immigrants don’t move state-to-state in search of health benefits
When states expand public health insurance to include low-income, legal immigrants, it does not lead to out-of-state immigrants moving in search of benefits. Immigrants, once settled in a particular state, will not move to another state in search of public health benefits, Stanford researchers find. Their research, published Nov.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.11.2019
Body's protection shield
Body’s protection shield
Scientists have discovered a way to manipulate the body's own immune response to help boost tissue repair. The findings, published in Current Biology today [18 Nov], reveal a new network of protective factors to shield cells against damage. This discovery, made by University of Bristol researchers, could significantly benefit patients undergoing surgery by speeding recovery times and lowering the risk of complication.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.11.2019
Ketogenic diet helps tame flu virus
A high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet like the Keto regimen has its fans, but influenza apparently isn't one of them. Mice fed a ketogenic diet were better able to combat the flu virus than mice fed food high in carbohydrates, according to a new Yale University study published Nov. 15 Immunology.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.11.2019
Life Experience Critical for Managing Type 2 Diabetes
A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University found that age plays a critical role in the well-being of people newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, with younger patients more susceptible to psychological distress resulting in worse health outcomes. "We found we can evaluate a patient's initial stress and predict how they will be doing six months later," said Vicki Helgeson , professor of psychology at CMU's Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences and senior author on the paper.

Health - Environment - 15.11.2019
During epidemics, access to GPS data from smartphones can be crucial
During epidemics, access to GPS data from smartphones can be crucial
A new EPFL and MIT study into the interplay between mobility and the 2013 and 2014 dengue outbreaks in Singapore has uncovered a legal void around access to mobile phone data - information that can prove vital in preventing the spread of infectious diseases. Researchers from EPFL and MIT have shown that human mobility is a major factor in the spread of vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue even over short intra-city distances.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2019
Researchers take first step towards genetic test for childhood short-sightedness
Researchers from the Universities of Cardiff and Bristol have devised a test that could in future help to identify children at risk of developing a very common eye condition. Short-sightedness, or myopia, usually develops during childhood and is thought to affect up to one in three people in the UK.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2019
New imaging technique unlocks secrets of the zebrafish heart
A new type of microscopy is helping to unlock the secrets of the zebrafish's heart - which could also teach us more about how human hearts form, grow and heal. Video In a new paper published today , researchers from the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh describe how they have developed a new method to capture 3D video images of the growing hearts of zebrafish embryos for the first time.

Pharmacology - Health - 15.11.2019
Link between inflammation and mental sluggishness shown in new study
Scientists at the University of Birmingham in collaboration with the University of Amsterdam have uncovered a possible explanation for the mental sluggishness that often accompanies illness. An estimated 12M UK citizens have a chronic medical condition, and many of them report severe mental fatigue that they characterize as ‘sluggishness' or ‘brain fog'.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.11.2019
Community cooking programme improves eating in young children and families
Community cooking programme improves eating in young children and families A Glasgow-based community cooking programme has been shown to improve family eating and could help to combat poor diets. The six week NHS programme, which included one cookery class a week and practical guidance on how to choose healthier foods was assessed by researchers at the University of Glasgow and deemed to have a positive impact on families' cooking and children's eating habits.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.11.2019
New finding offers possibility for preventing age-related metabolic disease
New finding offers possibility for preventing age-related metabolic disease
A study by researchers at Yale has uncovered why belly fat surrounding organs increases as people age, a finding that could offer new treatment possibilities for improving metabolic health, thereby reducing the likelihood for diseases like diabetes and atherosclerosis that stem from inflammation. Led by Dr. Vishwa Deep Dixit , the Waldemar Von Zedtwitz Professor of Comparative Medicine and of Immunobiology, the study was published Nov.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Study provides insights into how fibrosis progresses in the human lung
A Yale-led collaborative study boosts scientific understanding of how the lung disease idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) progresses, providing a roadmap for researchers to discover new treatment targets for the disease. The study, led by Naftali Kaminski, M.D., the Boehringer-Ingelheim Endowed Professor of Internal Medicine and chief of the Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine at Yale School of Medicine, and John E. McDonough, instructor and researcher at the medical school, appears in JCI.
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