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Health - 07.11.2019
Female mosquitoes that have mated are more likely to transmit malaria
Hormones received from male mosquitoes during mating boost the likelihood of female mosquitoes transmitting malaria to people. Only female mosquitoes bite humans and pass on malaria. However, the new study shows that males can also influence malaria transmission, by making mated females more likely to pass on the parasites.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.11.2019
Potential new target for treatment of inflammatory disease
Researchers led by the University of Birmingham have found a potential new target to treat inflammatory disease. The research, led by scientists at the University of Birmingham's Institute of Inflammation and Ageing , Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, and Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research, publishes today in Cell Metabolism.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.11.2019
Simple blood test could better predict both kidney disease and cardiovascular risk
Researchers have found a better way to test for kidney disease using a simple blood test that is affordable and although it is available in NHS laboratories is not yet widely used. Kidney disease and cardiovascular risk could be easier to predict using a simple blood test.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.11.2019
New theory for Neanderthal extinction
New theory for Neanderthal extinction
Complex disease transmission patterns could explain why it took tens of thousands of years after first contact for our ancestors to replace Neanderthals throughout Europe and Asia. Growing up in Israel, Gili Greenbaum would give tours of local caves once inhabited by Neanderthals and wonder along with others why our distant cousins abruptly disappeared about 40,000 years ago.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.11.2019
Flu shot can provide effective immunity for people living with HIV
People who are being treated for HIV can gain effective protection against seasonal flu with the influenza (flu) vaccine, new findings confirm. Since people living with HIV can have an impaired immune system and may be at higher risk of serious illness from flu, they are recommended to get the seasonal influenza vaccine every year.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 07.11.2019
How healthy is your meal kit meal?
Popular commercial meal kit subscription services assessed for nutritional quality were found to provide adequate serves of core foods such as vegetables - but there was room to improve to meet dietary guidelines. With many people spending less time cooking and more time eating out and ordering takeaways, the food industry has adapted by introducing commercial meal kit subscription services that deliver recipes and fresh, pre-measured ingredients direct to people's doors.

Computer Science - Health - 06.11.2019
Sex and gender analysis improves science
Sex and gender analysis improves science
Including a gender and sex analysis in scientific research can open the door to discovery and innovation. Whether it's designing equipment or developing drugs, scientists often fail to consider how gendered preferences, biases and assumptions can lead to unintended consequences. According to Stanford historian Londa Schiebinger , it's time for science to catch up.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.11.2019
A Game-Changing Test for Prion, Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's Diseases is on the Horizon
A Game-Changing Test for Prion, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s Diseases is on the Horizon
There are currently no effective treatments for prion diseases, a family of fatal neurodegenerative conditions caused by accumulations of misfolded copies of a naturally occurring protein. But now, there is finally an effective way to test for them. As reported in the journal PLOS ONE , a team of scientists who have been working on prion detection for nearly 20 years have demonstrated that their unique, synthetic-molecule-based approach can isolate prion proteins in body fluids sampled from infected animals.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.11.2019
"Super-grafts" that could treat diabetes
By successfully strengthening pancreatic islets before transplantation, researchers at UNIGE and HUG are hoping for a significant improvement in the success of cell transplants in patients with severe diabetes. To save patients with a severe form of type 1 diabetes (characterized by the absence of functional insulin-producing cells), pancreatic cell transplantation is sometimes the last resort.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.11.2019
Q&A: A drug-free option for treating ADHD in children
Deciding how to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children can be a difficult decision for parents. Stimulants, such as Adderall and Ritalin, are the most commonly prescribed ADHD treatments — and are considered to be the most effective. But in April, the FDA approved the first device-based, non-drug therapy to treat ADHD in children.

Health - 05.11.2019
Dog ownership could reduce loneliness: study
Dog ownership could reduce loneliness: study
Sydney researchers find some evidence to suggest new dog owners experience a reduction in negative mood but further larger-scale trials are needed. A new University of Sydney trial lends weight to the expression 'man's best friend,' showing a sample of new dog owners saw a significant reduction in loneliness within three months of acquiring their pet.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.11.2019
Reveals how brain injury can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder in U.S. military members frequently follows a concussion-like brain injury. Until now, it has been unclear why. A UCLA team of psychologists and neurologists reports that a traumatic brain injury causes changes in a brain region called the amygdala; and the brain processes fear differently after such an injury.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.11.2019
Synthetic phages with programmable specificity
Synthetic phages with programmable specificity
ETH researchers are using synthetic biology to reprogram bacterial viruses - commonly known as bacteriophages - to expand their natural host range. This technology paves the way for the therapeutic use of standardized, synthetic bacteriophages to treat bacterial infections. Bacteriophages ("phages" for short) are viruses that infect bacteria.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.11.2019
Researchers identify certain gut bacteria that may be involved in causing bowel cancer
People who have a certain type of bacteria in their guts may be at greater risk of developing bowel cancer. The findings were presented by University of Bristol researcher, Dr Kaitlin Wade, at the 2019 NCRI Cancer Conference in Glasgow today [4 Nov]. While there is increasing evidence that the make-up of the gut microbiome plays a role in the human health and the body's susceptibility to disease including an association between the microbiome and bowel cancer, very few have provided convincing evidence for causality.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.11.2019
Shows heavy smoking can have a damaging effect on facial ageing
Heavy smoking may have a causal effect on facial ageing, according to new research led by the University of Bristol. The study searched across 18,000 traits from the UK Biobank cohort to identify those that may be affected by how heavily someone smokes. As well as recognising several known adverse effects such as on lung health, the research also found heavy smoking could influence appearance.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.11.2019
Gaming Protein Structures: X-Ray Studies Confirm Power of Crowdsourcing
Gaming Protein Structures: X-Ray Studies Confirm Power of Crowdsourcing
The unique ways in which proteins fold dictate their interplay with diseases and medicines, so understanding their twists and turns is key to designing effective drugs. While new drug design is serious work, discovering how proteins fold can be fun, too: A crowdsourcing game called Foldit allows players to try different fold configurations for points and rankings.

Health - Pharmacology - 01.11.2019
New Glasgow Cancer Tests for research and clinical trials
The Glasgow Precision Oncology Laboratory (GPOL) at the University of Glasgow has developed a ground-breaking new cancer test for research and clinical trials that could ultimately change the way cancer medicine is delivered. The Glasgow Cancer Tests are a suite of affordable solid tumour and blood cancer tests, developed specifically to enable patients to benefit from real-world precision medicine-based cancer treatments.

Pharmacology - Health - 01.11.2019
New direction for treatment of aggressive type of breast cancer
Researchers identify path to improve HER2+ breast cancer susceptibility to approved therapies Approximately 15 to 20% of breast cancers are caused by changes in a gene known as HER2, which cause the protein produced by the gene to become constantly active, leading to uncontrolled cell growth. Cancers with these genetic changes are called "HER2-positive" or "HER2+" breast cancers.

Pharmacology - Health - 31.10.2019
Checkpoint inhibitor prolongs survival in pa
The checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) increases the survival time of patients with advanced head and neck cancers, according to a new global study led by Yale Cancer Center (YCC). The data was published today in the journal The Lancet. The findings of the phase 3 study show that, compared to the standard therapy, overall survival was significantly improved for participants with previously untreated recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancers.

Health - Pharmacology - 31.10.2019
Measles causes 'immune amnesia' leaving us vulnerable to other diseases
Measles causes ’immune amnesia’ leaving us vulnerable to other diseases
Scientists have shown how measles causes long-term damage to the immune system, leaving people vulnerable to other infections. The international team, which includes the Wellcome Sanger Institute, the University of Amsterdam and Imperial College London, revealed that the measles virus deletes part of the immune system's memory, removing previously existing immunity to other infections, in both humans and ferrets.
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