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Results 61 - 80 of 978.


Life Sciences - Health - 03.10.2019
CMU and Yale Receive NIH Grant To Further Gene Editing Technique
The peptide nucleic acid-based technique offers an alternative to CRISPR-Cas9 A research team from Carnegie Mellon University and Yale University will advance their innovative, synthetic nucleic acid-based gene editing technique under a new grant from the National Institutes of Health's (NIH's) Somatic Cell Genome Editing (SCGE) Program.

Pharmacology - Health - 03.10.2019
Codeine misuse in Australia reduced by prescription-only changes
The move to prescription-only codeine in Australia has seen a 50 percent reduction in the monthly rate of codeine-related poisoning calls and halved codeine sales, finds new research led by the University of Sydney. The move to prescription-only codeine in Australia has seen a 50 percent reduction in the monthly rate of codeine-related poisoning calls and halved codeine sales, finds new research led by the University of Sydney.

Health - Physics - 03.10.2019
Infrared vision for immunotherapy
A new technique employs a bright infrared light that can pass through millimeters of tissue to illuminate tumors deep inside the body. Stanford chemists have developed a new deep-tissue imaging technique that can see beneath the skin of living subjects to illuminate buried tumors with unparalleled clarity.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.10.2019
Turbo-charging the discovery process
Vance Lemmon, professor of neurological surgery, explains the high-content screening process he and John Bixby, vice provost for research, use to study hundreds of neurons at a time. Photo and video by Rob Camarena/University of Miami Vance Lemmon, professor of neurological surgery, explains the high-content screening process he and John Bixby, vice provost for research, use to study hundreds of neurons at a time.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.10.2019
New drug helps combat metabolic syndrome
A new drug developed at Yale reduces a host of abnormalities associated with metabolic syndrome, an obesity-born condition that afflicts one of three adults in the United States, researchers report Oct. 2 Translational Medicine. Metabolic syndrome is marked by insulin resistance leading to high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, abnormal blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels, and increased fat in the liver, a condition referred to as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Health - 02.10.2019
Health worsens the longer you live in a deprived neighbourhood
Living in a deprived neighbourhood as a child can have negative effects on long-term health and the longer people stay in poor areas, the more likely they are to become ill, according to a UCL-led study. The international study, which is the first systematic review to bring together research on neighbourhood effects on health and well-being over the life course, is published today in the European Journal of Public Health.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.10.2019
Weak spot in pathogenic bacteria
Weak spot in pathogenic bacteria
Antibiotics are still the most important weapon for combatting bacterial infections. But medical science is running out of "ammunition" because of more and more frequently occurring resistances. A research team has now elucidated the structure of the proteolytic complex ClpX-ClpP. This is a key to development of innovative antibiotics which target the degradation process of defective proteins in bacteria.

Pharmacology - Health - 02.10.2019
New approach to pain treatment in diseases of the pancreas
New approach to pain treatment in diseases of the pancreas
One of the worst symptoms associated with inflammation or cancer of the pancreas is severe chronic pain. Pancreatic pain is difficult to treat, because many painkillers prove ineffective in pancreatic patients. In a recent study, a team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) discovered the cause of this phenomenon for the first time: a particular neuroenzyme in the body is present in the nerves of the organ in high concentrations.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.10.2019
Gut bacteria 'fingerprint' predicts radiotherapy side effects
Gut bacteria ’fingerprint’ predicts radiotherapy side effects
Scientists have conducted the first clinical study to show a link between types of gut bacteria and radiotherapy-induced gut damage. Taking a ‘fingerprint' of the mix of bacteria in the gut can indicate how susceptible individual cancer patients are to gut damage as a result of radiotherapy for prostate and gynaecological cancers, the new study shows.

Health - 01.10.2019
Analysis: Having sex in older age could make you happier and healthier
Dr Sarah Jackson (UCL Epidemiology & Health) co-authors an article discussing new research which examines the importance of having sex in older age. Sexual activity is an essential part of intimate relationships, though it tends to decline as people get older. But although research shows that frequency of sexual activity can decrease with age, for many older people, sex still remains an important part of their life.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.10.2019
Four Stanford scientists awarded high-risk, high-reward research awards
Four Stanford scientists awarded high-risk, high-reward research awards
The researchers received National Institutes of Health grants to support innovative work in the life sciences. Four Stanford scientists have been awarded grants from the National Institutes of Health for high-risk research efforts that could make a big impact in biomedicine.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.10.2019
A timekeeper for siesta
External stimuli can rearrange the hierarchy of neuronal networks and influence behaviour. This was demonstrated by scientists from the universities of Würzburg and Brandeis using the circadian clock of the fruit fly as an example. Circadian clocks must be flexible and they must be able to adapt to varying environmental conditions.

Health - Pedagogy - 01.10.2019
What is encephalitis’ A new study breaks down the numbers
A study that prompted an editorial in a prestigious journal yesterday highlights leading causes of the brain disease in children and the importance of monitoring, lead authors Dr Philip Britton and Prof Cheryl Jones explain. Encephalitis, which means inflammation of the brain, is a severe disease. Sometimes the inflammation can involve the lining of the brain (the meninges) as well, and is referred to as meningo-encephalitis.

Pharmacology - Health - 30.09.2019
Microneedle biosensors accurately detect patient antibiotic levels in real-time
Microneedle biosensors accurately detect patient antibiotic levels in real-time
Scientists have successfully used microneedle biosensors to accurately detect changes in antibiotic levels in the body, for the first time. Small, non-invasive patches worn on the skin can accurately detect the levels of medication in a patient's system, matching the accuracy of current clinical methods.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.09.2019
Identifies therapeutic target for high blood pressure in the lungs
FINDINGS Researchers have identified a potential new therapeutic target for those who have high blood pressure in the lungs, or what is known as pulmonary hypertension secondary to pulmonary fibrosis, a lung disease in which lung tissue becomes damaged and scarred. The discovery helps explain the previously unknown mechanism behind the development of pulmonary hypertension in people with pulmonary fibrosis.

Health - Psychology - 30.09.2019
Does being a ’superwoman’ protect African American women’s health?
A new UC Berkeley study explores how being a "strong black woman” affects the health of African American women coping with racial discrimination. (AP photo by Ivan Gener) The stereotype of the "strong black woman" is more than just a cultural trope: Many black women in America report feeling pressured to act like superwomen, projecting themselves as strong, self-sacrificing, and free of emotion to cope with the stress of raceand gender-based discrimination in their daily lives.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 30.09.2019
Artificial intelligence improves biomedical imaging
Artificial intelligence improves biomedical imaging
ETH researchers use artificial intelligence to improve quality of images recorded by a relatively new biomedical imaging method. This paves the way towards more accurate diagnosis and cost-effective devices. Scientists at ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich have used machine learning methods to improve optoacoustic imaging.

Pharmacology - Health - 30.09.2019
Fruit flies live longer with combination drug treatment
Fruit flies live longer with combination drug treatment
A triple drug combination has been used to extend the lifespan of fruit flies by 48% in a new study led by UCL and the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing. The three drugs are all already in use as medical treatments: lithium as a mood stabiliser, trametinib as a cancer treatment and rapamycin as an immune system regulator.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2019
Method discovered to reactivate tumour fighting genes ’silenced’ by cancer
Scientists at UCL have developed a method to reactivate 'tumour suppressor' genes, which are switched off by cancer cells - a finding which could lead to new targeted biotherapies for cancer. In the study, published in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology , researchers at UCL Cancer Institute and the Cancer Research UK UCL Centre aimed to identify ways to block the function of a regulatory protein called PRC2 (Polycomb repressive complex 2).

Health - Psychology - 26.09.2019
Abused or neglected children are four times more likely to develop serious mental illness
A study by the University of Birmingham has shown that children who have experienced child abuse or neglect are four times more likely to develop serious mental illness such as psychoses, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Researchers studied GP records dating between 1995 and 2018 of 217,758 patients aged under 18 who had experienced, or were suspected to have experienced, childhood maltreatment or related concerns, and then compared them to the records of 423,410 patients who had not.

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