News 2019



Results 861 - 880 of 1186.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.04.2019
Tumour-targeting viruses hold hope for incurable brain cancers
Using bacteria-killing viruses to deliver cancer therapies could help to tackle deadly brain cancers, according to new early-stage research. The approach is being explored by researchers to treat glioblastoma, an aggressive, incurable form of brain cancer which kills many patients within the first year following diagnosis.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.03.2019
Sydney excels in national research engagement and impact assessment
The University of Sydney has performed strongly in the Australian Research Council's first Engagement and Impact Assessment of research at Australian universities. Results at the University are well above the sector average, with 96 per cent of our impact and engagement ratings being 'high' or 'medium'.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.03.2019
A cellular protein as a
A cellular protein as a "Gas Pump Attendant" of Cancer Development
03/29/2019 Scientists at the University of Würzburg have discovered a new mechanism of gene transcription in tumor cells. Their study identifies novel strategies to develop innovative anti-Cancer drugs. The cells which make up our body vary significantly. A liver cell does not look like a muscle cell and each has a unique function.

Health - 29.03.2019
Scientists trial drones to protect coffee plants from devastating fungal disease
Scientists trial drones to protect coffee plants from devastating fungal disease
Researchers are trialling the use of drones to monitor coffee plant health in Thailand in a bid to prevent the spread of disease. Around 95 million cups of coffee are drunk a day in the UK alone, but the coffee plant is susceptible to a fungal disease known as coffee rust. This disease is devastating to the plant and can wipe out vast swathes of crops or even entire plantations.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.03.2019
Crime Scene Schizophrenia - 30 Genes under suspicion
Crime Scene Schizophrenia - 30 Genes under suspicion
A research group has identified 30 genes associated with schizophrenia. The team was able to show which pathological changes in the brain and behavioral abnormalities are triggered by these genes. The results of the study have now been published in "Cell". The research team of the Biozentrum, University of Basel investigated a total of 132 genes associated with schizophrenia.

Health - Pharmacology - 28.03.2019
Breast cancer: the promises of old recipes
Breast cancer: the promises of old recipes
Researchers from UNIGE and UNIL demonstrate the efficacy of a well-known antibiotic in treating a particularly fatal form of breast cancer, offering hope for targeted therapy. Of the three major subtypes of breast cancer, the «triple negative» is the most lethal: half of all breast cancer deaths are attributed to it, whereas it accounts for only about 15% of incidences of breast cancer.

Health - 28.03.2019
Living near green space boosts teenagers’ mental health, UCLA study finds
Teenagers who live within a few blocks of green space are more likely to have better mental health than teens who don't, according to a study by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research. Researchers used California Health Interview Survey data from 2011 to 2014, combined with information from a satellite-generated map showing the density of vegetation.

Health - Environment - 27.03.2019
Improved housing doubles across Sub-Saharan Africa but millions remain in slums
The prevalence housing with improved water and sanitation has doubled in sub-Saharan Africa between 2000 and 2015, according to new research. Using state-of-the-art mapping, researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Imperial College London and the Malaria Atlas Project, University of Oxford, have provided the first accurate estimate of urban and rural housing quality in sub-Saharan Africa.

Health - Computer Science - 27.03.2019
Artificial intelligence can predict premature death
Computers which are capable of teaching themselves to predict premature death could greatly improve preventative healthcare in the future, suggests a new study by experts at the University of Nottingham. The team of healthcare data scientists and doctors have developed and tested a system of computer-based ‘machine learning' algorithms to predict the risk of early death due to chronic disease in a large middle-aged population.

Health - 27.03.2019
AI can improve X-ray identification of pacemakers in emergencies
Researchers have created new AI software that can identify cardiac rhythm devices in x-rays more accurately and quickly than current methods. The team believes this software could speed up the diagnosis and treatment of patients with faulty devices in an emergency setting. The software, created by researchers at Imperial College London, has been able to identify the make and model of different cardiac rhythm devices, such as pacemakers and defibrillators, within seconds.

Health - 27.03.2019
Sexual satisfaction among older people about more than just health
Communication and being in a happy relationship, along with health, are important for sexual satisfaction among older people, according to new research published in PLOS ONE.‌ Sexual expression is increasingly recognised as important throughout the life course, in maintaining relationships, promoting self-esteem and contributing to health and well-being.

Health - 27.03.2019
What happens to claim-prone physicians?
Stanford researchers find that physicians with poor malpractice liability records are no more likely than physicians who did not experience claims to relocate for a fresh start elsewhere. However, they were more likely to cease practice or to shift to smaller practice groups or to solo practice. Researchers at Stanford University released findings of a study examining what happens to physicians who experience multiple malpractice claims.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.03.2019
Heating up tumors could make CAR’T therapy more effective
FINDINGS A preclinical study led by scientists at the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center suggests that heating solid tumors during CAR T-cell therapy can enhance the treatment's success. The researchers found that when a heating technique called photothermal ablation was combined with the infusion of CAR T cells, it suppressed melanoma tumor growth for up to 20 days in mice.

Health - 27.03.2019
Precision maps reveal widespread distribution of disabling neglected tropical disease in Rwanda
Precision maps reveal widespread distribution of disabling neglected tropical disease in Rwanda
The painful and stigmatising neglected tropical disease podoconiosis is widespread across Rwanda, according to the first mapping of the disease. All 30 districts have been found to be endemic for non-filarial elephantiasis, also known as podoconiosis, which affects the feet and lower limbs. More than a million people were screened for the disease across 30 districts, and cases of podoconiosis were found in all districts.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.03.2019
Manipulating bacteria found in mosquitoes could help control disease
Controlling mosquito-borne illnesses, such as Dengue fever or West Nile virus, has historically been difficult due to a lack of effective vaccines and concerns about the environmental impact of insecticides. Thus scientists have turned to manipulating a parasitic bacterium within mosquitoes as a way to control the reproductive fitness of mosquito populations that transmit human disease.

Health - 26.03.2019
Unresolved injury, not fibrosis, contributes to cisplatin-induced CKD
Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that the progression of acute kidney injury to chronic kidney disease (CKD) caused by use of the chemotherapy drug cisplatin is due to unresolved injury and sustained activation of regulated necrosis pathways rather than fibrosis. The new study is highlighted on the cover of the April 2019 issue of Kidney International .

Health - 26.03.2019
Combating fatigue with a smartwatch application
Combating fatigue with a smartwatch application
Scientists from EPFL, UNIL and local startup have developed a system that uses heart rate variability to detect fatigue and identify what kind it is. The system then uses the results to suggest lifestyle changes that can make a difference. An initial test has been carried out on university students under real-world conditions.

Health - 26.03.2019
Experts call for fairer reporting of out-of-hours healthcare services
Over 75% of newspaper articles regarding out-of-hours healthcare services were found to be negative in tone, according to a new study.‌‌ The research, led by the University of Glasgow's Institute of Health and Wellbeing, and published today in BMJ Open , found a prevalence of articles describing crises or personal narratives depicting rare and tragic patient stories that were often repeated, and could be providing a skewed picture of the service to the public.

Health - 25.03.2019
New trial to investigate how tinnitus can affect concentration
Hearing experts are calling for volunteers to take part in new research to investigate how tinnitus - often referred to as ringing in the ears - can affect the cognitive wellbeing of people who experience it, and their ability to concentrate. Tinnitus is a common hearing-related problem that affects up to 10% of the population.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2019
New CRISPR-powered device detects genetic mutations in minutes
New CRISPR-powered device detects genetic mutations in minutes
A team of engineers at the UC Berkeley and the Keck Graduate Institute (KGI) of The Claremont Colleges combined CRISPR with electronic transistors made from graphene to create a new hand-held device that can detect specific genetic mutations in a matter of minutes. The device, dubbed CRISPR-Chip, could be used to rapidly diagnose genetic diseases or to evaluate the accuracy of gene-editing techniques.

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