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Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 22.07.2019
"Breakthrough" grants awarded to two agriculture researchers at UW-Madison
Two of 10 new federal grants aimed at "leapfrogging" technologies to improve food security were awarded to scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison's College of Agricultural and Life Sciences. With estimates of future population exceeding 10 billion, agriculture needs radical improvements to improve yield and combat drought, flood and pests.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.07.2019
Fingerprint of Multiple Sclerosis Immune Cells Identified
In multiple sclerosis (MS), dysregulated immune cells periodically infiltrate the brain of afflicted patients, causing damages to neural transmission and neuronal loss. If not properly monitored and treated, the disease leads to accumulating disabilities that ultimately greatly restrict the daily life of patients.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.07.2019
Contributing to science through games
Contributing to science through games
Scientific discovery games have been speeding otherwise time-consuming biomedical research. Players also experience real-world science, which is often otherwise hidden behind laboratory doors. Stanford University researchers Rhiju Das and Ingmar Riedel-Kruse like to play games. Specifically, they are champions of scientific discovery games - games that are designed so that anyone can play and, in doing so, contribute to solving the hardest questions in science.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.07.2019
Berkeley Talks transcript: Joel Moskowitz on the health risks of cell phone radiation
Kim Guess: Hi everybody, welcome. Thank you for attending this keynote presentation, "Cell Phones, Cell Towers and Wireless Safety.” This is part of our Balancing Technology Programs. My name is Kim Guess and I'm a dietician with the Be Well at Work Wellness Program. Balancing technology is a spring theme for all of Be Well at Work so for our UC Berkeley faculty and staff, we have workshops, we have a challenge and all kinds of resources available for you.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.07.2019
Bouncers in the Bone Marrow
Bouncers in the Bone Marrow
07/19/2019 Würzburg Scientists found that megakaryocytes act as "bouncers" and thus modulate bone marrow niche properties and cell migration dynamics. The study was published in the Journal "Haematologica". Hematopoiesis is the process of forming blood cells, which occurs predominantly in the bone marrow.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.07.2019
Neuron-nudged mice see what isn’t there
Stanford scientists, using only direct brain stimulation, reproduced both the brain dynamics and the behavioral response of mice taught to discriminate between two different images. Hallucinations are spooky and, fortunately, fairly rare. But, a new study suggests, the real question isn't so much why some people occasionally experience them.

Life Sciences - Palaeontology - 18.07.2019
Fossil shows how early mammals could swallow like their modern descendants
The 165-million-year-old fossil of a tiny, shrew-like animal shows the earliest example of modern hyoid bones-the ones that provide the ability to swallow food-in mammal evolution. The hyoid bones of Microdocodon gracilis -as well as all modern mammals, including humans-link the back of the mouth, or pharynx, to the openings of the esophagus and the larynx.

Life Sciences - 18.07.2019
Mosquito brain integrates diverse sensory cues to locate a host to bite
Mosquito brain integrates diverse sensory cues to locate a host to bite
For female mosquitoes, finding their next meal is all about smelling and seeing. Through behavioral experiments and real-time recording of the female mosquito brain, a team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of Washington, has discovered how the mosquito brain integrates signals from two of its sensory systems - visual and olfactory - to identify, track and hone in on a potential host for her next blood meal.

Life Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 18.07.2019
Research Identifies New Pathways for Sensory Learning in the Brain
Automated, robotic training device developed by Carnegie Mellon undergraduate student advances neuroscience research We've all heard the saying that individuals learn at their own pace. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed an automated, robotic training device that allows mice to learn at their leisure.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.07.2019
Top Ten Organisations for Animal Research Announced
Understanding Animal Research, an organisation promoting greater openness about animal research, has today released a list of the ten organisations in Great Britain that carry out the highest number of animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary and scientific research. These statistics are freely available on the organisations' websites as part of their ongoing commitment to transparency and openness around the use of animals in research.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2019
Leukemia: how cancer stem cells suppress a danger detector
Leukemia: how cancer stem cells suppress a danger detector
Acute myeloid leukemia stem cells elude the body's immune cells by deactivating a danger detector. The underlying mechanisms and the potential new therapeutic approaches that this gives rise to have been detailed by researchers from the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel in collaboration with colleagues in Germany.

Life Sciences - 17.07.2019
Scientists model the flight of dandelion seeds
EPFL scientists, working in association with colleagues at the University of Twente and the University of Pisa, have studied the link between the number of bristles on dandelion seeds and the ability of those seeds to travel long distances in a stable manner.  Humans went to great lengths to design airplanes that can fly stably at cruising speed.

Music - Life Sciences - 17.07.2019
How the brain distinguishes between voice and sound
How the brain distinguishes between voice and sound
Researchers at UNIGE and at Maastricht University have demonstrated that the brain adapts to a person's listening intentions by focusing either on a speaker's voice or on the speech sounds that are being uttered.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2019
Higher iron levels may boost heart health - but also increase risk of stroke
Scientists have helped unravel the protective ' and potentially harmful ' effect of iron in the body. In a series of early-stage studies examining genetic data from over 500,000 people, a team of international scientists, led by Imperial College London, explored the role that iron plays in over 900 diseases.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.07.2019
Parkinson’s disease study identifies possible new treatment target
Treatments for Parkinson's disease have most recently focused on increasing dopamine, a chemical messenger in the brain that affects reward-based behaviors and motivation, as well as movement. A new study by Yale researchers challenges long-held assumptions about dopamine's sole role in this disorder.

Life Sciences - 16.07.2019
The physiology of survival
The physiology of survival
The survival and growth of cells are central factors in biological systems. Scientists such as Ulrich Gerland, Professor for Physics of Complex Biosystems at the TUM, are therefore trying to understand how the molecular components interact to maintain the viability of a group of cells in stress situations.

Life Sciences - 16.07.2019
Automated microscope gives a look inside live cell populations
Automated microscope gives a look inside live cell populations
From now on scientists can look at how living cells function and react under various experimental conditions, in parallel and throughout a the cell's lifetime. With the new 3D microscope unveiled today by EPFL spin-off Nanolive, researchers can observe the details of how cells operate - all the way down to their organelles.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.07.2019
Investigation into fungal infection reveals genetic vulnerability in Hmong
Ten years ago, in Marathon County, Wisconsin, 55 people were sickened by an uncommon fungal infection called blastomycosis. Thirty patients were hospitalized. Two people died. The fungus, Blastomyces dermatitidis, found naturally in wet soil and in decomposing wood throughout the Great Lakes region and the Mississippi Valley, can cause flu-like illness and in severe cases, death.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.07.2019
High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) May Prevent Cognitive Decline
High intensity interval training (HIIT) may be doing more than just keeping you fit and strong - it may also help prevent age-related cognitive illnesses, such as dementia. A University of Queensland study found high intensity interval exercise may be more effective than continuous exercise in increasing brain blood flow in older adults.

Life Sciences - Environment - 12.07.2019
3-D imaging, AI reveal stories hidden in shells
A clam shell may be a familiar find on the beach, but its intricate curves and markings tell a rich tale. For centuries, biologists have collected, drawn, measured and compared the shells of bivalve species, pursuing knowledge about how the environment and behavior shape biodiversity. Now, University of Chicago scientists are combining high-resolution 3-D imaging with new geometric deep learning approaches to reveal a fuller version of the story hidden in shells.
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