News 2019



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Pharmacology - Health - 11.09.2019
Opioid treatment for teens’ Medications can help
Teens who misuse prescription or illicit opioids might benefit from opioid treatment medications, according to a new study led by a Yale researcher. An estimated 900 adolescents started to misuse opioid painkillers every day in 2017, and some of them turned to cheaper and more potent illegal opioids like heroin.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.09.2019
Dietary supplement may help with schizophrenia
Dietary supplement may help with schizophrenia
A dietary supplement, sarcosine, may help with schizophrenia as part of a holistic approach complementing antipsychotic medication, according to a UCL researcher. In an editorial published in the British Journal of Psychiatry , Professor David Curtis (UCL Genetics, Evolution & Environment and QMUL Centre for Psychiatry) suggests the readily available product could easily be incorporated into treatment plans, while calling for clinical trials to clarify the benefit and inform guidelines.

Pharmacology - Health - 10.09.2019
Multiple sclerosis therapy: scientists identify the Achilles' heel of a therapeutic antibody and find a solution to avoid the problem
Multiple sclerosis therapy: scientists identify the Achilles’ heel of a therapeutic antibody and find a solution to avoid the problem
An international research team led by the Institute for Research in Biomedicine, affiliated to the UniversitÓ della Svizzera italiana, has discovered why some patients with multiple sclerosis make an immune reaction that curtails the effectiveness of natalizumab, a therapeutic antibody used for the treatment of the disease and used this information to engineer a new version of the antibody that avoids this problem.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.09.2019
Blood test shows promise to aid better detection of lung cancer
Lung cancer can be spotted earlier and diagnosed more precisely with the help of a blood test, a major study carried out in Scotland has found. The Early Detection of Cancer of the Lung Scotland (ECLS) is the world's largest clinical biomarker trial looking into detecting early lung cancer using a blood test.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.09.2019
36% of proton pump inhibitor prescriptions for older adults may be unneeded
FINDINGS One in eight older adults was prescribed proton pump inhibitor drugs, which are used to treat gastric ulcers or to prevent gastrointestinal bleeding in those taking blood thinners. About 36 percent of those prescriptions were potentially unnecessary, a study found, primarily because people took them far longer than the often-recommended eight weeks.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 04.09.2019
Protein tangles linked with dementia seen for first time in patients’ brains
Scientists have visualised for the first time protein 'tangles' associated with dementia in the brains of patients who have suffered a single head injury. This is the finding of a new study led by scientists from Imperial College London, published Translational Medicine. In the early-stage study, researchers studied 21 patients who had suffered a moderate to severe head injury at least 18 years earlier (mostly from traffic accidents), as well as 11 healthy individuals who had not experienced a head injury.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.09.2019
When physicians integrate with hospitals, costs go up, Rice study says
When physicians integrate with hospitals, the cost of health care rises even though there's no evidence patients get better treatment, according to a new paper by experts at Rice University and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Texas (BCBSTX). As hospitals gain more control over physicians, they may incentivize delivery of more services but not necessarily higher quality care, the researchers said in the paper, which appears in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.09.2019
Cracking "virus code" could help fight cancer
Virus experts from Cardiff University's School of Medicine have uncovered, for the first time, how a virus known as Adenovirus type 26 (Ad26), which has been used effectively in a tamed form as a vaccine, can infect human cells. Ad26 is a virus of great interest to the scientific and medical community.

Pharmacology - 03.09.2019
Videos, music on tablets boost moods of dementia patients and caregivers
Dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, often afflicts patients with negative moods: confusion, anger, sadness or apathy. Negative emotions also affect caregivers, who are often family members with little formal training to cope with the stress of caring for a loved one. Patients with dementia may be prescribed antidepressants or other drugs in an effort to help lift their mood.

Pharmacology - Health - 03.09.2019
Cholesterol-cutting gene silencing treatment shows lasting effects
Twice-yearly injections of a cholesterol-cutting medication could offer patients lasting reduction in cholesterol, cutting risk of heart attacks. A new, currently-unlicensed drug treatment that works by ‘silencing' genes can help to halve levels of LDL cholesterol with just two injections per year, according to new data presented this week.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.09.2019
Breast cancer can form 'sleeper cells' after drug treatment
Breast cancer can form ’sleeper cells’ after drug treatment
Breast cancer medicines may force some cancer cells into 'sleeper mode', allowing them to potentially come back to life years after initial treatment. These are the early-stage findings from scientists at Imperial College London , who studied human breast cancer cells in the laboratory.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.09.2019
Bacteria behind hospital infections block out antibiotics
Bacteria behind hospital infections block out antibiotics
Drug-resistant bacteria responsible for deadly hospital-acquired infections shut out antibiotics by closing tiny doors in their cell walls. The new finding by researchers at the MRC Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection , Imperial College London, could allow researchers to design new drugs that ‘pick the locks' of these closed doors and allow antibiotics into bacterial cells.

Pharmacology - Health - 02.09.2019
Australia has a paracetamol poisoning problem
There has been a concerning increase in paracetamol poisonings, and resulting liver damage in Australia over the last decade writes Dr Rose Cairns from Sydney Pharmacy School. Most of us take paracetamol every now and again to reduce pain or fever. As far as medications go, it's one we're unlikely to associate with harm.

Pharmacology - Health - 01.09.2019
Diabetes medication can be used to treat heart failure
A common diabetes medication, originally introduced as a treatment for diabetes, can be successfully used to treat patients with heart failure, reducing their risk of worsening heart failure or death from cardiovascular causes by more than 25%. The new research, which is presented today at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2019, found the diabetes drug dapagliflozin could be used as a treatment for patients with heart failure, even if they don't also have diabetes.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 29.08.2019
Drug discovery offers new hope to halt the spread of malaria
Drug discovery offers new hope to halt the spread of malaria Breakthrough research has revealed a new drug that may prevent the spread of malaria, and also treat people suffering with the deadly parasitic disease. The findings, which were delivered by an international team of scientists led by the University of Glasgow and published today in Science, offer fresh hope in the global fight against malaria.

Pharmacology - Health - 28.08.2019
Strawberries May Be Key To Developing an Insulin Pill
More than 30 million Americans suffer from diabetes and must inject themselves with insulin two to four times daily. Researchers have been looking for ways to administer the drug orally, and researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have now shown such a feat is possible. Chemical Engineering Associate Professor Kathryn Whitehead and her team said the secret lies in an unlikely place: strawberries.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.08.2019
Researchers probe microbiome-cancer treatment link
Immunotherapy has great promise as a cancer treatment, but current therapies only work in some. Now, Stanford researchers are testing the idea that microorganisms in our guts might be the deciding factor. Cancer immunotherapies have given patients with particularly intractable cancers new hope, but not everyone benefits.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 27.08.2019
A molecular
A molecular "Trojan Horse"
The research group of Nuno Maulide from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Vienna has, in cooperation with the Research Center for Molecular Medicine (CeMM) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, achieved the synthesis of a potential immunosuppressive agent by modification of a naturally occurring compound.

Health - Pharmacology - 26.08.2019
Quest for new cancer treatment crosses milestone
Quest for new cancer treatment crosses milestone
Therapy invented at Rice University excels in pilot clinical trials A cancer therapy invented at Rice University has crossed a milestone in clinical trials, a major development in a decadeslong quest to develop a treatment that destroys tumors without the debilitating side effects of chemotherapy, invasive surgery and radiation.

Pharmacology - Health - 25.08.2019
Removing cancer’s protective barrier could boost immunotherapy treatments
Scientists at the University of Birmingham may have found a way to pull down the protective wall that surrounds tumours, potentially re-exposing them to the killing power of the immune system and immunotherapy treatments, according to a study part funded by Cancer Research UK and published in EBioMedicine today.
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