News 2019



Results 21 - 40 of 397.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.11.2019
Digital sepsis monitoring system helps save lives and improves care
Digital sepsis monitoring system helps save lives and improves care
The introduction of a digital alert system to monitor patients with sepsis has led to a reduction in deaths and hospital stays. Sepsis, also known as blood poisoning, is life threatening and accounts for an estimated 46,000 deaths in the UK each year. If diagnosed early it can be treated effectively with antibiotics but the difficulty lies in spotting sepsis before it develops, as symptoms are similar to other illnesses such as flu.

Pharmacology - Health - 19.11.2019
Why some hospitals don’t prioritize the sickest heart transplant patients
Analysis of more than 29,000 adults listed on the national heart transplant registry from 2006 to 2015 shows how rules that give hospitals discretion in determining who gets a transplant result in large discrepancies in how sick patients are when they receive heart transplants at hospitals across the United States.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.11.2019
Technique to preserve sexual function after prostate cancer surgery
A UCLH and UCL led trial of a technique to preserve men's sexual potency after prostate cancer surgery has begun to recruit participants across the UK. The trial of the NeuroSAFE procedure - designed to avoid the removal during surgery of nerves near the prostate which are important for sexual function - is being led by UCLH consultant urological surgeon Greg Shaw and sponsored by UCL.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 19.11.2019
Ayahuasca compound changes brainwaves to vivid 'waking-dream' state
Ayahuasca compound changes brainwaves to vivid ’waking-dream’ state
Scientists have peered inside the brain to show how taking DMT affects human consciousness by significantly altering the brain's electrical activity. DMT (or dimethyltryptamine) is one of the main psychoactive constituents in ayahuasca, the psychedelic brew traditionally made from vines and leaves of the Amazon rainforest.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 19.11.2019
Patients Missing One Brain Hemisphere Show Surprisingly Intact Neural Connections
In the most extreme cases of epilepsy, when a patient's seizures are relentless and do not respond to other treatments, doctors may perform a surgery called a hemispherectomy to remove half of the patient's brain. Remarkably, many of these patients are cured of their seizures and possess basic motor, language, and cognitive skills.

Pharmacology - 18.11.2019
Scientists and schoolkids find family soups have antimalarial properties
London schoolchildren have found that some of their families' soup recipes have antimalarial properties, with the help of Imperial scientists. Researchers from Imperial College London helped the schoolchildren test their family soup broths for activity against the malaria parasite. We may have to look beyond the chemistry shelf for new drugs, and natural remedies shouldn't be off our watch list, as artemisinin shows.

Pharmacology - Health - 18.11.2019
Improving the odds for patients with heart pumps
Improving the odds for patients with heart pumps
A new Yale study shows that some patients being treated for severe heart failure with a battery-operated pump saw significant improvement after additionally using neurohormonal blockade (NHB) drug therapy. NHB therapy, which includes three broad categories of drugs, including ACE inhibitors, has long been the standard therapy for treating heart failure.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.11.2019
Invasive heart treatments often needless
A large, international study led by Stanford and New York University found that invasive procedures are no better than medications and lifestyle advice at treating heart disease that's severe but stable. Patients with severe but stable heart disease who are treated with medications and lifestyle advice alone are no more at risk of a heart attack or death than those who undergo invasive surgical procedures, according to a large, federally-funded clinical trial led by researchers at the Stanford School of Medicine and New York University's medical school.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.11.2019
Life Experience Critical for Managing Type 2 Diabetes
A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University found that age plays a critical role in the well-being of people newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, with younger patients more susceptible to psychological distress resulting in worse health outcomes. "We found we can evaluate a patient's initial stress and predict how they will be doing six months later," said Vicki Helgeson , professor of psychology at CMU's Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences and senior author on the paper.

Pharmacology - Health - 15.11.2019
Link between inflammation and mental sluggishness shown in new study
Scientists at the University of Birmingham in collaboration with the University of Amsterdam have uncovered a possible explanation for the mental sluggishness that often accompanies illness. An estimated 12M UK citizens have a chronic medical condition, and many of them report severe mental fatigue that they characterize as ‘sluggishness' or ‘brain fog'.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Study provides insights into how fibrosis progresses in the human lung
A Yale-led collaborative study boosts scientific understanding of how the lung disease idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) progresses, providing a roadmap for researchers to discover new treatment targets for the disease. The study, led by Naftali Kaminski, M.D., the Boehringer-Ingelheim Endowed Professor of Internal Medicine and chief of the Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine at Yale School of Medicine, and John E. McDonough, instructor and researcher at the medical school, appears in JCI.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Phage Therapy Shows Promise Beyond Treating Infections
For first time, researchers use bacteriophages in mice to treat a condition not considered a classic bacterial infection: alcoholic liver disease. Bacteriophages are viruses that specifically destroy bacteria. In the early 20th century, researchers experimented with phages as a potential method for treating bacterial infections.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Vaping: A Serious Hit to Your Health
A young patient lies in a hospital bed in the intensive care unit (ICU) connected to a mechanical breathing machine that will perform basic functions his body can no longer do. He is a vaper, and his experience is becoming increasingly common in hospitals across the nation. “I am seeing more (vaping) patients with serious lung issues in the ICU and it is devastating,” said Atul Malhotra, MD, critical care pulmonologist and sleep medicine specialist at UC San Diego Health.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Antibody injection stops peanut allergy for 2 to 6 weeks
A Stanford-led pilot study has provided early evidence that an antibody is a safe, effective and rapid food allergy treatment. One injection of an antibody treatment let people with severe peanut allergies eat a nut's worth of peanut protein two weeks later, a small, Stanford-led pilot study showed. The study provides early evidence that the antibody is a safe, effective and rapid food allergy treatment.

Pharmacology - Chemistry - 14.11.2019
Could synthetic molecules provide a general treatment for Cystic Fibrosis?
A new treatment for lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF) for which there remains no cure could potentially benefit all patients, according to a University of Bristol study published in Chemical Science. The findings are an important step towards a new therapy addressing the fundamental cause of cystic fibrosis.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Can ’smart toilets’ be the next health data wellspring?
Wearable, smart technologies are transforming the ability to monitor and improve health, but a decidedly low-tech commodity - the humble toilet - may have potential to outperform them all. That's the conclusion of a team of metabolism scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Morgridge Institute for Research , who are working to put the tremendous range of metabolic health information contained in urine to work for personalized medicine.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.11.2019
Experimental drug targets currently untreatable type of lung cancer
Researchers at Stanford and UCSF slowed the spread of a type of nonsmall cell lung cancer in mice by neutralizing a single protein that would otherwise set off a chain reaction, causing runaway tumor growth. Scientists at Stanford and UC-San Francisco have developed an experimental drug that targets a currently untreatable type of lung cancer responsible for generating roughly 500,000 newly diagnosed cases worldwide each year.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.11.2019
Bionic pacemaker slows progression of heart failure
Using brain circuits made in silicon, scientists have alleviated symptoms of heart failure by reinstating the body's natural heart rhythm. This study published in The Journal of Physiology today [Wednesday 13 November] holds great potential for designing more effective pacemakers in the future. In the UK alone, around 900,000 people are living with heart failure and almost 1.4 million have survived a heart attack.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 13.11.2019
Scientists Identify a Genetic Basis for Healthy Sleep
From organisms as simple as worms to those as complex as humans, sleep is a fundamental necessity. But although an estimated 50 to 70 million people in the United States suffer from a chronic sleep disorder, the genetic mechanisms that regulate human sleep remain poorly understood. Now, Caltech scientists have identified a genetic pathway that is necessary and sufficient for proper sleep in zebrafish and appears to also regulate sleep in humans.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.11.2019
Old Joe to turn blue to mark World Antibiotic Awareness Week
The face of the University of Birmingham's ‘Old Joe' Clock tower will be lit blue to shine a light on the work scientists are doing to discover new ways to prevent and treat drug-resistant bacterial infections. The clock will turn blue during World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2019, which runs from 18 - 24 November, and is organised by the World Health Organization (WHO) to increase global awareness of antibiotic resistance and to encourage best practices among the general public, health workers and policy makers to avoid the further emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.

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