News 2019



Results 81 - 100 of 396.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.10.2019
A Yale-developed drug shows promise as immune therapy for cancer
A therapy developed by Yale researchers stimulates immune cells to shrink or kill tumors in mice, according to a new study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine. The therapy is effective alone or in combination with existing cancer immunotherapies, and it appears to have lasting effects, the researchers said.

Social Sciences - Pharmacology - 14.10.2019
Wastewater reveals socioeconomic link to diet and drug consumption
Wastewater reveals socioeconomic link to diet and drug consumption
The consumption of caffeine, citrus, vitamin B and dietary fibre is higher in communities with higher socioeconomic status, according to new research from The University of Queensland. A study led by Queensland Alliance for Environmental Health Sciences (QAEHS) researchers uses wastewater to show the correlation between socioeconomics and diet and drug consumption.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.10.2019
Cannabis Research Buds Out in New Directions, Arthritis to Insomnia
With 33 states and the District of Columbia having legalized medical marijuana, it was inevitable that there would be much talk of its therapeutic benefits, real or imagined. But lost in the equally inevitable hype has been hard scientific proof. For almost two decades, the Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research (CMCR) at UC San Diego has been conducting such research, for much of that time largely alone and often, given the controversial nature of the subject, with limited resources.

Pharmacology - 10.10.2019
Birmingham health research academics call for NHS to act on mental health patient feedback
Researchers from the University of Birmingham are today making a series of recommendations for improving the way that NHS mental health trusts collect and use patient feedback to improve the quality of care for mental health inpatients. As part of a collaborative study funded by NIHR, a team from the Universities of Birmingham, Warwick , Sheffield and Queen Mary University of London , together with the Mental Health Foundation interviewed staff and patients across NHS mental health trusts in England and found that few are collecting patient feedback to actively improve services.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.10.2019
Secrets of lung cancer spread found in patients' blood and biopsies
Secrets of lung cancer spread found in patients’ blood and biopsies
Early signs that a patient's lung cancer may spread and become untreatable can be picked up in samples of their blood and tumour, according to a trio of papers co-led by UCL. The three studies, published , are all part of Cancer Research UK's 14million TRACERx project, which aims to understand how lung cancer cells change over time and become resistant to treatment.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 07.10.2019
How Plants React to Fungi
How Plants React to Fungi
Using special receptors, plants recognize when they are at risk of fungal infection. This new finding could help cultivate resistant crops and reduce pesticide usage. Plants are under constant pressure from fungi and other microorganisms. The air is full of fungal spores, which attach themselves to plant leaves and germinate, especially in warm and humid weather.

Pharmacology - Health - 07.10.2019
Patient-aligned care reduces unwanted medications, tests for older adults
An emerging approach to health care that focuses decision-making on older patients' health goals and care preferences can reduce unwanted and unhelpful treatment, such as medications and diagnostic tests, say Yale researchers. It can also lessen treatment burden, according to their new study, published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Pharmacology - Health - 07.10.2019
California program is a good step toward coordinating care for high-needs patients
An evaluation by UCLA researchers has found that a California program launched in 2016 has been a positive step toward providing better-coordinated health care for people insured by Medicaid. Initial findings from the ongoing analysis were published today by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

Health - Pharmacology - 03.10.2019
Fat cells are used to deliver drug that suppresses tumor growth in mice
FINDINGS In a study with mice, researchers at the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified a new mechanism for delivering a drug that can help stop tumors from growing and keep cancer from recurring. The scientists found that they could reengineer adipocytes — fat cells that provide fatty acids with the energy needed for tumors to grow and spread — to reverse their role in tumor development and deliver cancer-fighting drugs directly to the area of the body immediately surrounding the tumor.

Pharmacology - Health - 03.10.2019
Codeine misuse in Australia reduced by prescription-only changes
The move to prescription-only codeine in Australia has seen a 50 percent reduction in the monthly rate of codeine-related poisoning calls and halved codeine sales, finds new research led by the University of Sydney. The move to prescription-only codeine in Australia has seen a 50 percent reduction in the monthly rate of codeine-related poisoning calls and halved codeine sales, finds new research led by the University of Sydney.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.10.2019
New drug helps combat metabolic syndrome
A new drug developed at Yale reduces a host of abnormalities associated with metabolic syndrome, an obesity-born condition that afflicts one of three adults in the United States, researchers report Oct. 2 Translational Medicine. Metabolic syndrome is marked by insulin resistance leading to high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, abnormal blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels, and increased fat in the liver, a condition referred to as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 02.10.2019
CompBio’s Mohimani Going Big To Find New Antibiotics
NIH New Innovator Award supports global search of microbial communities Hosein Mohimani has a knack for finding ever-faster ways of searching giant databases in search of potential therapeutic drugs. Now, the computer scientist is trying a new approach in which the size of the databases isn't something to be conquered, but a feature he uses to his advantage.

Pharmacology - Health - 02.10.2019
New approach to pain treatment in diseases of the pancreas
New approach to pain treatment in diseases of the pancreas
One of the worst symptoms associated with inflammation or cancer of the pancreas is severe chronic pain. Pancreatic pain is difficult to treat, because many painkillers prove ineffective in pancreatic patients. In a recent study, a team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) discovered the cause of this phenomenon for the first time: a particular neuroenzyme in the body is present in the nerves of the organ in high concentrations.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.10.2019
Gut bacteria 'fingerprint' predicts radiotherapy side effects
Gut bacteria ’fingerprint’ predicts radiotherapy side effects
Scientists have conducted the first clinical study to show a link between types of gut bacteria and radiotherapy-induced gut damage. Taking a ‘fingerprint' of the mix of bacteria in the gut can indicate how susceptible individual cancer patients are to gut damage as a result of radiotherapy for prostate and gynaecological cancers, the new study shows.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 01.10.2019
'Poisoned arrowhead' used by warring bacteria could lead to new antibiotics
’Poisoned arrowhead’ used by warring bacteria could lead to new antibiotics
A weapon bacteria use to vanquish their competitors could be copied to create new forms of antibiotics, according to Imperial College London research. Researchers have uncovered a novel weapon in the arsenal of bacteria that works in a similar way to common antibiotics. By further understanding and characterizing the molecular targets of VgrG2b, and how the toxin works, this research would support the design of new antibiotics.

Pharmacology - Health - 30.09.2019
Microneedle biosensors accurately detect patient antibiotic levels in real-time
Microneedle biosensors accurately detect patient antibiotic levels in real-time
Scientists have successfully used microneedle biosensors to accurately detect changes in antibiotic levels in the body, for the first time. Small, non-invasive patches worn on the skin can accurately detect the levels of medication in a patient's system, matching the accuracy of current clinical methods.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.09.2019
Identifies therapeutic target for high blood pressure in the lungs
FINDINGS Researchers have identified a potential new therapeutic target for those who have high blood pressure in the lungs, or what is known as pulmonary hypertension secondary to pulmonary fibrosis, a lung disease in which lung tissue becomes damaged and scarred. The discovery helps explain the previously unknown mechanism behind the development of pulmonary hypertension in people with pulmonary fibrosis.

Pharmacology - Health - 30.09.2019
Fruit flies live longer with combination drug treatment
Fruit flies live longer with combination drug treatment
A triple drug combination has been used to extend the lifespan of fruit flies by 48% in a new study led by UCL and the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing. The three drugs are all already in use as medical treatments: lithium as a mood stabiliser, trametinib as a cancer treatment and rapamycin as an immune system regulator.

Health - Pharmacology - 25.09.2019
Powerful new synthetic vaccines to combat epidemics
Powerful new synthetic vaccines to combat epidemics
A new type of vaccine that can be stored at warmer temperatures, removing the need for refrigeration, has been developed for mosquito-borne virus Chikungunya in a major advance in vaccine technology. The findings, published in Science Advances today [Wednesday 25 September], reveal exceptionally promising results for the Chikungunya vaccine candidate, which has been engineered using a synthetic protein scaffold that could revolutionise the way vaccines are designed, produced and stored.

Pharmacology - Health - 24.09.2019
Anti-malarial drug can make cancer chemotherapy more effective
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have found an anti-malarial drug was effective in treating head and neck cancer in mice. The drug quinacrine was used extensively to prevent and treat malaria in soldiers fighting in mosquito-ridden areas during World War Two. It is similar to the quinine that makes tonic water glow, has minimal side-effects, and is now used for treating parasite infections and other conditions.

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