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Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 26.09.2019
Enigmatic radio burst illuminates a galaxy's tranquil halo
Enigmatic radio burst illuminates a galaxy’s tranquil halo
Astronomers using ESO's Very Large Telescope have for the first time observed that a fast radio burst passed through a galactic halo. Lasting less than a millisecond, this enigmatic blast of cosmic radio waves came through almost undisturbed, suggesting that the halo has surprisingly low density and weak magnetic field.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 25.09.2019
A radio that searches for dark matter
A radio that searches for dark matter
An "out there" theory inspired the development of the Dark Matter Radio, a device that could explain the mysterious matter that makes up 85 percent of the mass of our universe. A team of Stanford University researchers are on a mission to identify dark matter once and for all. But first, they'll need to build the world's most sensitive radio.

Physics - Innovation - 25.09.2019
Precision physics with 'tabletop' experiments
Precision physics with ’tabletop’ experiments
With the future of large particle accelerators uncertain, Stanford theorists are exploring the use of smaller, more precise "tabletop" experiments to investigate fundamental questions in physics. The history of particle accelerators is one of seemingly constant one-upmanship. Ever since the 1920s, the machines - which spur charged particles to near light speeds before crashing them together - have grown ever larger, more complex and more powerful.

Physics - Chemistry - 23.09.2019
2000 atoms in two places at once
2000 atoms in two places at once
The quantum superposition principle has been tested on a scale as never before in a new study by scientists at the University of Vienna in collaboration with the University of Basel. Hot, complex molecules composed of nearly two thousand atoms were brought into a quantum superposition and made to interfere.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 23.09.2019
Imperial instrument cleared to study the Sun after extensive spacecraft testing
Imperial instrument cleared to study the Sun after extensive spacecraft testing
An Imperial-built instrument will study the Sun's magnetic field aboard the Solar Orbiter spacecraft following its launch in early 2020. Solar Orbiter, a European Space Agency (ESA) mission, will study the Sun in unprecedented detail from only 50 million kilometres away, inside the orbit of Mercury.

Physics - Chemistry - 20.09.2019
New method for the measurement of nano-structured light fields
New method for the measurement of nano-structured light fields
Münster researchers combine nano-optics and organic chemistry to measure complex light landscapes in the tight focus of a laser beam / Study published in "Nature Communications" Structured laser light has already opened up various different applications: it allows for precise material machining, trapping, manipulating or defined movement of small particles or cell compartments, as well as increasing the bandwidth for next-generation intelligent computing.

Physics - 19.09.2019
Plasma flow near sun's surface explains sunspots, other solar phenomena
Plasma flow near sun’s surface explains sunspots, other solar phenomena
For 400 years people have tracked sunspots, the dark patches that appear for weeks at a time on the sun's surface. They have observed but been unable to explain why the number of spots peaks every 11 years. A University of Washington study published this month in the journal Physics of Plasmas proposes a model of plasma motion that would explain the 11-year sunspot cycle and several other previously mysterious properties of the sun.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 19.09.2019
Introducing VPLanet: A virtual planet simulator for modeling distant worlds across time
University of Washington astrobiologist Rory Barnes and co-authors have created VPLanet, a software package that simulates multiple aspects of planetary evolution across billions of years, with an eye toward finding and studying potentially habitable worlds. ESA/Hubble, NASA University of Washington astrobiologist Rory Barnes has created software that simulates multiple aspects of planetary evolution across billions of years, with an eye toward finding and studying potentially habitable worlds.

Physics - 19.09.2019
How to Get a Particle Detector on a Plane
How to Get a Particle Detector on a Plane
Berkeley Lab researchers have been assembling components for an upgrade of the ALICE particle collider experiment's detector array at CERN laboratory. Learn about their work and how it could help to unravel the inner workings of an exotic state of matter known as the quark-gluon plasma in this short video.

Physics - 19.09.2019
Quantum physics: beyond the logic of cause and effect
In classical, Newtonian theory, causality, the connection between cause and effect, is considered to sit at the core of physics: Causal thinking, together with the idea that absolute time and space are the pre-given stage for all physical events, have been dominating classical physics well into the twentieth century.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 18.09.2019
CMU Professor Assists International Experiment in Pinning Down Elusive Neutrino Mass
An international team of scientists has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant, yet elusive, elementary particles in our universe. At the 2019 Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics conference in Toyama, Japan, leaders from the KATRIN experiment reported Friday that the estimated range for the rest mass of the neutrino is between 0.02 and 1 electron volts, or eV.

Chemistry - Physics - 17.09.2019
A molecular bridge further
A molecular bridge further
Electronics built from molecules could open up new possibilities in the miniaturization of circuits in the future. Empa researchers, together with partners from Switzerland, the Netherlands, Israel, and the UK, succeeded in solving a crucial detail in the realization of such circuit elements: A molecular bridge for electrons that remains mechanically and electronically stable at room temperature.

Physics - 17.09.2019
3D super-resolution helping scientists take a closer look
Nanoscale microscopy, a tool relied on by scientists tackling tough health challenges, will be more accessible and affordable, thanks to a team of university researchers. The University of Queensland's Dr Martin Ploschner said super-resolution microscopy allowed users to observe breathtaking details of nanoscale structures, but for many labs, it was a costly addition to their usual microscopes.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 16.09.2019
New results for the mass of neutrinos
New results for the mass of neutrinos
Apart from photons, the fundamental quanta of light, neutrinos are the most abundant elementary particles in the universe. As they possess a small non-zero mass, these “light-weights of the universe” play a key role in cosmology and particle physics. The most precise scale for neutrinos in the world is the international experiment "KATRIN" at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, in which scientists of the University of Münster are also involved.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 16.09.2019
KATRIN Cuts the Mass Estimate for the Elusive Neutrino in Half
KATRIN Cuts the Mass Estimate for the Elusive Neutrino in Half
Original release published by the University of Washington. An international team of scientists that includes researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant yet elusive elementary particles in our universe.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 16.09.2019
KATRIN cuts the mass estimate for the elusive neutrino in half
KATRIN cuts the mass estimate for the elusive neutrino in half
An international team of scientists has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant, yet elusive, elementary particles in our universe. At the 2019 Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics conference in Toyama, Japan, leaders from the KATRIN experiment reported Sept.

Physics - 16.09.2019
3Q: Scientists shave estimate of neutrino's mass in half
3Q: Scientists shave estimate of neutrino’s mass in half
Joseph Formaggio explains the discovery that the ghostly particle must be no more than 1 electronvolt, half as massive as previously thought. Prof. Joseph Formaggio speaks with Clara Moskowitz of Scientific American about how an international team of researchers (including MIT scientists) has found that a neutrino cannot weigh more than one electron volt.

Pharmacology - Physics - 12.09.2019
A Single Dose for Good Measure: How an Anti-Nuclear-Contamination Pill Could Also Help MRI Patients
A Single Dose for Good Measure: How an Anti-Nuclear-Contamination Pill Could Also Help MRI Patients
Same pill designed to treat radiation poisoning could double as an anti-gadolinium-toxicity pill for MRI patients injected with commonly used contrast dye, says Berkeley Lab chemist W hen chemist Rebecca Abergel and her team at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) successfully developed an anti-radiation-poisoning pill in 2014 , they hoped it would never have to be used.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 11.09.2019
Black hole at the center of our galaxy appears to be getting hungrier
The enormous black hole at the center of our galaxy is having an unusually large meal of interstellar gas and dust, and researchers don't yet understand why. “We have never seen anything like this in the 24 years we have studied the supermassive black hole,” said Andrea Ghez, UCLA professor of physics and astronomy and a co-senior author of the research.

Chemistry - Physics - 11.09.2019
From years to days: Artificial Intelligence speeds up photodynamics simulations
From years to days: Artificial Intelligence speeds up photodynamics simulations
Scientists use deep neural networks to achieve simulations on long time scales The prediction of molecular reactions triggered by light is to date extremely time-consuming and therefore costly. A team led by Philipp Marquetand from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Vienna has now presented a method using artificial neural networks that drastically accelerates the simulation of light-induced processes.
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