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Chemistry - Physics - 20.02.2019
Dietary Fiber Helps Clump Material in Your Gut
Dietary Fiber Helps Clump Material in Your Gut
Food, microbes, and medicine all clump together as they move through our gut. Sticky molecules secreted into our intestines bind the gut particles in the same way that flour holds a ball of dough together. Now a new mice-based study from Caltech is showing that dietary fiber also plays a role in clumping.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 14.02.2019
New Molecular Blueprint Advances Our Understanding of Photosynthesis
New Molecular Blueprint Advances Our Understanding of Photosynthesis
Berkeley Lab research will shed light on the process by which plants convert carbon dioxide into sugar, helping scientists engineer crops that produce sustainable bioproducts including biofuels. Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have used one of the most advanced microscopes in the world to reveal the structure of a large protein complex crucial to photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into cellular energy.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 14.02.2019
Ers create ultra-lightweight ceramic material that can better withstand extreme temperatures
Ers create ultra-lightweight ceramic material that can better withstand extreme temperatures
UCLA-led team develops highly durable aerogel that could ultimately be an upgrade for insulation on spacecraft Matthew Chin UCLA researchers and collaborators at eight other research institutions have created an extremely light, very durable ceramic aerogel. The material could be used for applications like insulating spacecraft because it can withstand the intense heat and severe temperature changes that space missions endure.

Chemistry - 12.02.2019
New tool tackles reproducibility crisis in science
The scientific community has been struggling with the problem of data reproducibility-a key step in the process that guides how most scientists create knowledge in their field. According to a recent survey , more than 70 percent of researchers have tried and failed to reproduce another scientist's published experiments.

Chemistry - 12.02.2019
New device simplifies measurement of fluoride contamination in water
New device simplifies measurement of fluoride contamination in water
Seeking to address fluoride contamination in drinking water, chemical engineers at EPFL have developed a portable and user-friendly device that can measure fluoride concentration accurately and reliably. Adding fluoride to water has been common practice in a number of countries, including the US, Australia, Brazil, Malaysia, India and Vietnam.

Pharmacology - Chemistry - 11.02.2019
Machine learning algorithm helps in the search for new drugs
Researchers have designed a machine learning algorithm for drug discovery which has been shown to be twice as efficient as the industry standard, which could accelerate the process of developing new treatments for disease. The ability to fish out four active molecules from six million is like finding a needle in a haystack Alpha Lee The researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, used their algorithm to identify four new molecules that activate a protein which is thought to be relevant for symptoms of Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 11.02.2019
What does it take to make a better battery?
What does it take to make a better battery?
Cambridge researchers are working to solve one of technology's biggest puzzles: how to build next-generation batteries that could power a green revolution. A better battery could make all the difference. So what's holding up progress? Like many of us, when I wake up I reach for the phone on my bedside table and begin scrolling through Twitter, Instagram, email and news apps.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 10.02.2019
Turbocharged supercapacitors from new ionic liquids
Publication by Laboratoire de chimie, , on August 2019. A new article describes the discovery of a new class of electrolytes, which can improve energy storage efficiency in supercapacitors. A team of scientists from US, France, UK and Australia has worked out a way to improve energy storage devices called supercapacitors, by designing a new class of ionic liquids based on common, non-toxic chemicals.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 06.02.2019
Offers First Complete Picture of Lithium-Ion Battery Performance
Offers First Complete Picture of Lithium-Ion Battery Performance
By Ali Sundermier Note: This article was adapted from an original press release published by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. View the original release. One issue plaguing today's commercial battery materials is that they are only able to release about half of the lithium ions they contain. A promising solution is to cram cathodes with extra lithium ions, allowing them to store more energy in the same amount of space.

Physics - Chemistry - 04.02.2019
Observing hydrogen's effects in metal
Observing hydrogen’s effects in metal
Microscopy technique could help researchers design safer reactor vessels or hydrogen storage tanks. Hydrogen, the second-tiniest of all atoms, can penetrate right into the crystal structure of a solid metal. That's good news for efforts to store hydrogen fuel safely within the metal itself, but it's bad news for structures such as the pressure vessels in nuclear plants, where hydrogen uptake eventually makes the vessel's metal walls more brittle, which can lead to failure.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 01.02.2019
Intuition and failure are valuable ingredients in chemistry
Intuition and failure are valuable ingredients in chemistry
When researchers make a new discovery, they tend to only publish the results of their successful experiments. But just as informative are all the experiments that didn't work - the failed trials and incorrect hypotheses, which can offer important information. A team of EPFL chemists has developed a methodology for collecting those lessons and, crucially, sharing them with other researchers.

Physics - Chemistry - 31.01.2019
Scientists ’hijack’ open-access quantum computer to tease out quantum secrets
The rules of quantum mechanics describe how atoms and molecules act very differently from the world around us. Scientists have made progress toward teasing out these rules-essential for finding ways to make new molecules and better technology-but some are so complex that they evade experimental verification.

Physics - Chemistry - 30.01.2019
Scientists tap into open-access quantum computer to tease out quantum secrets
The rules of quantum mechanics describe how atoms and molecules act very differently from the world around us. Scientists have made progress toward teasing out these rules-essential for finding ways to make new molecules and better technology-but some are so complex that they evade experimental verification.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 28.01.2019
How do mRNAs deal with stress?
How do mRNAs deal with stress?
Two hallmarks of the integrated stress response of cells are the inhibition of translation and the formation of stress granules (SGs) and processing bodies (PBs). However, it is not well understood how both processes are coupled. In a study published in Molecular Cell, researchers from the Chao group applied single-molecule RNA imaging to study the interactions of mRNAs with SGs and PBs, and found out that the generally accepted assumptions about the function of granules need to be revised.

Chemistry - Physics - 23.01.2019
Fine tuning for clean energy
An international collaboration between researchers in Spain and Scotland has resulted in a new approach to improve the catalysts needed to carry out the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction (HER). The reaction, in which water is transformed into hydrogen and oxygen, is a promising alternative to humanity's dependency on fossil fuels to satisfy energy requirements.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 22.01.2019
Chemists develop new synthesis method for producing fluorinated piperidines
Chemists develop new synthesis method for producing fluorinated piperidines
Synthetic molecules are essential for many products in our lives: medicines, crop protection agents or special materials such as Teflon. These molecules have several components, which can be combined in a variety of ways, resulting in different properties. Both so-called piperidines and fluorinated groups are particularly important.

Chemistry - Physics - 22.01.2019
Creating attraction between molecules deep in the periodic table
Imagine a waterproof computer. It's not going to happen tomorrow, but it may no longer be a pipedream since a McGill-led international research team has shown for the first time that it is possible to form strong, stable attractions between some of the heavier elements in the periodic table. A recent article provides the first experimental and theoretical proof that heavy, large atoms of an increasingly metallic nature - such as arsenic or even antimony - can be used to create new materials called cocrystals by using halogen bonds.

Chemistry - Physics - 18.01.2019
Bringing electricity and chemistry together with a 1.6M project
Bringing electricity and chemistry together with a 1.6M project
Dr Clotilde Cucinotta is trying to solve the combined electrical and chemical problem, paving the way for next-generation energy sources. Dr Cucinotta joined Imperial this year, bringing an EPSRC grant of more than 1.6 million and a wide range of experience. We talked to her about her research, her journey so far, and why the Molecular Sciences Research Hub - the new home for Chemistry at Imperial's White City campus - is the best place to carry out her plans.

Physics - Chemistry - 18.01.2019
Hand-knitted Molecules
Hand-knitted Molecules
Molecules are usually formed in reaction vessels or laboratory flasks. An Empa research team has now succeeded in producing molecules between two microscopically small, movable gold tips - in a sense as a "hand-knitted" unique specimen. The properties of the molecules can be monitored in real time while they are being produced.

Physics - Chemistry - 09.01.2019
Shows single atoms can make more efficient catalysts
Detailed observations of iridium atoms at work could help make catalysts that drive chemical reactions smaller, cheaper and more efficient. Catalysts are chemical matchmakers: They bring other chemicals close together, increasing the chance that they'll react with each other and produce something people want, like fuel or fertilizer.
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