News 2019


Computer Science

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Life Sciences - Computer Science - 26.12.2019
Mindfulness video game changes areas of the brain associated with attention
With an estimated 97 percent of adolescents playing video games in their free time, there is growing potential to design games as tools for attention-building instead of attention-busting. A research team at the Center for Healthy Minds at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of California, Irvine, designed a video game to improve mindfulness in middle schoolers and found that when young people played the game, they showed changes in areas of their brains that underlie attention.

Physics - Computer Science - 23.12.2019
First chip-to-chip quantum teleportation harnessing silicon photonic chip fabrication
The development of technologies which can process information based on the laws of quantum physics are predicted to have profound impacts on modern society. For example, quantum computers may hold the key to solving problems that are too complex for today's most powerful supercomputers, and a quantum internet could ultimately protect the worlds information from malicious attacks.

Physics - Computer Science - 20.12.2019
The Quantum Information Edge Launches to Accelerate Quantum Computing R&D for Breakthrough Science
A nationwide alliance of national labs, universities, and industry launched today to advance the frontiers of quantum computing systems designed to solve urgent scientific challenges and maintain U.S. leadership in next-generation information technology. The Quantum Information Edge strategic alliance is led by two of the U.S. Department of Energy's national laboratories: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and Sandia National Laboratories.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 20.12.2019
SHAPEIT4: an algorithm for large-scale genomic analysis
SHAPEIT4: an algorithm for large-scale genomic analysis
Researchers from UNIL, UNIGE and SIB provide the researchers' community with an extremely powerful computer tool to facilitate the interpretation of the genome's Big Data Haplotypes are a set of genetic variations that, located side by side on the same chromosome, are transmitted in a single group to the next generation.

Economics - Computer Science - 20.12.2019
When machine learning packs an economic punch
When machine learning packs an economic punch
Study: After eBay improved its translation software, international commerce increased sharply. A new study co-authored by an MIT economist shows that improved translation software can significantly boost international trade online - a notable case of machine learning having a clear impact on economic activity.

Computer Science - Innovation - 19.12.2019
New technology to observe and quantify intracellular phenomena
Researchers at EPFL and spin-off Nanolive have used a special microscope that combines two imaging technologies to observe and quantify new intracellular phenomena. In an article published today in the journal PLOS Biology, also reveals a range of computer tools that can be used in the future by other research laboratories.

Economics - Computer Science - 19.12.2019
Model beats Wall Street analysts in forecasting business financials
Model beats Wall Street analysts in forecasting business financials
Using limited data, this automated system predicts a company's quarterly sales. Knowing a company's true sales can help determine its value. Investors, for instance, often employ financial analysts to predict a company's upcoming earnings using various public data, computational tools, and their own intuition.

Physics - Computer Science - 18.12.2019
Researchers Develop New Quantum Algorithm
Quantum computers, just like classical computers, are only as good as the instructions that we give them. And although quantum computing is one of the hottest topics in science these days, the instructions, or algorithms, for quantum computers still have a long way to go to become useful. Garnet Chan , Caltech's Bren Professor of Chemistry, is tackling this problem.

Computer Science - 16.12.2019
ANR IA Chairs: two recipients at ENS de Lyon
The 'AI Chairs' aim to offer researchers substantial resources to build a team and carry out an ambitious project whose visible impact is expected. A multi-year program of 40 Chairs in Artificial Intelligence is one of the measures under this research component, which was presented on November 2018 by the Minister of Higher Education, Research and Innovation and the Secretary of State for Digital Technology.

Computer Science - 13.12.2019
More than just a goodnight message
More than just a goodnight message
"You missed something yesterday. Tim fell in our pool!" "Now really @Tim?- Thought you didn't want to drink anything"? "Haha tim :D" What sounds like banal chit-chat among a group of young people about what happened at a party is of great interest to linguists at the Institute of German Language and Literature at the University of Münster.

Computer Science - 11.12.2019
Undervolting allows attacks on Intel’s secure enclaves
Researchers at the University of Birmingham have identified a weakness in Intel's processors: by undervolting the CPU, Intel's secure enclave technology becomes vulnerable to attack. Modern processors are being pushed to perform faster than ever before - and with this comes increases in heat and power consumption.

Computer Science - Mathematics - 11.12.2019
Plundervolt exposes vulnerability in security technology of Intel processors
Plundervolt exposes vulnerability in security technology of Intel processors
Computer scientists from imec-DistriNet (KU Leuven), the University of Birmingham, and TU Graz have shown that the possibility to adjust the operating voltage of Intel processors makes them vulnerable to attack. Modern processors are being pushed to perform faster than ever before, and with this come increases in heat and power consumption.

Sport - Computer Science - 11.12.2019
Messi v Ronaldo: who’s the GOAT? Computer model may help to settle the debate
Researchers at KU Leuven and data intelligence company SciSports have developed a new algorithm to assess football players' on-the-ball actions. Their model goes beyond traditional player statistics like the number of goals and assists, offering a more complete assessment of a player's performance and contribution to his team.

Computer Science - Materials Science - 02.12.2019
New Software Aims To Make Science More Replicable
Every field in science and engineering employs highly specialized equipment: surface area analyzers, nanosizers, recording membrane osmometers. This equipment is often incredibly specific, designed for just a single function, but it's essential for performing accurate, replicable research. And without the ability to replicate the research of other scientists, the validity of science itself falls apart.

Innovation - Computer Science - 02.12.2019
New Streaming Technology Will Change Computer Gaming
New Streaming Technology Will Change Computer Gaming
By Christoph Pelzl Dieter Schmalstieg, a researcher at Graz University of Technology, is working on a method combining the advantages of cloud computing and virtual reality. This method will allow computer games to be displayed on inexpensive VR headsets in unsurpassed quality. Streaming services, such as Netflix or Amazon Prime, are widely used.

Health - Computer Science - 01.12.2019
And the Beep Goes On
CMU, UPMC researchers use machine learning algorithms to develop a risk score used to predict tachycardia episodes Artur Dubrawski is not a critical care physician, but his best friend is. Dubrawski, a research professor in Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute , loves talking about disease symptoms with Michael Pinsky, a professor of critical care medicine, cardiovascular disease, bioengineering and more at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

Computer Science - Health - 29.11.2019
Opinion: How the technology behind deepfakes can benefit all of society
Professor Geraint Rees, Pro-Vice-Provost of Artificial Intelligence at UCL, writes that AI can and must be used for good, to complement and augment human endeavour rather than replace it. Recent advances in deepfake video technology have led to a rapid increase of such videos in the public domain in the past year.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 27.11.2019
Researchers get 'glimpse into a human mind' as it makes choices in groups, social media
Researchers get ’glimpse into a human mind’ as it makes choices in groups, social media
The choices we make in large group settings - such as in online forums and social media - might seem fairly automatic to us. But our decision-making process is more complicated than we know. So, researchers have been working to understand what's behind that seemingly intuitive process. Now, new University of Washington research has discovered that in large groups of essentially anonymous members, people make choices based on a model of the "mind of the group" and an evolving simulation of how a choice will affect that theorized mind.

Computer Science - 26.11.2019
Parallel Data Lab Receives Computing Cluster from Los Alamos National Lab
Carnegie Mellon University has received a supercomputer from Los Alamos National Lab (LANL) that will be reconstructed into a computing cluster operated by the Parallel Data Lab (PDL) and housed in the Data Center Observatory. This new cluster will augment the existing Narwhal , also from LANL and made up of parts of the decommissioned Roadrunner supercomputer technology, the fastest supercomputer in the world from June 2008 to June 2009.

Computer Science - 26.11.2019
Is search media biased?
In an audit of search media results for every candidate running for federal office in the 2018 U.S. election, Stanford scholars found no evidence of political bias for or against either party. In recent months, questions have arisen about big tech's unparalleled influence over what news and information people see online.
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