News 2019



Results 101 - 120 of 1179.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.11.2019
A protein tag to study the immune system
Researchers from VIB-Ghent Universitiy Center for Medical Biotechnology and other collaborators, developed a novel approach to better understand a basic defense mechanism of our immune system. Central is ISG15, a small protein with a role in the immune system. With the newly developed method, scientists can now identify and study proteins tagged with ISG15, allowing them to unravel its many functions in fighting disease, potentially leading to novel antimicrobial drugs.

Pharmacology - Health - 26.11.2019
One shot of ketamine could reduce problem drinking
A one-off dose of ketamine could help heavy drinkers reduce their alcohol intake, finds a new UCL experimental study. Giving a shot of ketamine to heavy drinkers after reactivating their drinking-related memories led to a rapid decrease in urges to drink and a prolonged decrease in alcohol intake over nine months, according to the study published .

Health - Pharmacology - 26.11.2019
One third of UK doctors may suffer from workplace ’burnout’
One in three UK doctors working in obstetrics and gynaecology may suffer from workplace burnout. This could affect their well-being and how they treat patients. This is the finding of new research, published in the journal BMJ Open , led by scientists at Imperial College London.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.11.2019
Air pollution linked to higher glaucoma risk
Living in a more polluted area is associated with a greater likelihood of having glaucoma, a debilitating eye condition that can cause blindness, finds a new UCL-led study in the UK. People in neighbourhoods with higher amounts of fine particulate matter pollution were at least 6% more likely to report having glaucoma than those in the least-polluted areas, according to the findings published in Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science .

Health - 25.11.2019
Regeneration of nerve cells, 3D printing in construction
Regeneration of nerve cells, 3D printing in construction
DFG funds two new TUM transregional Collaborative Research Centers Regeneration of nerve cells, 3D printing in construction The German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft or DFG) is funding two new transregional Collaborative Research Centers (SFB/Transregional research alliance) involving the Technical University of Munich (TUM).

Health - Life Sciences - 25.11.2019
Babies in the womb may see more than we thought
An intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell (ipRGC) as it would appear if you looked at a mouse's retina through the pupil. The white arrows point to the many different types of cells it networks with: other subtypes of ipRGC cell (red, blue and green) and retinal cells that are not ipRGCs (red).

Environment - Health - 25.11.2019
Planning a trip abroad? Before you pack, check the air pollution levels
There are many things people research when planning a vacation or business trip abroad — such as the weather, how to get around a city and where to access free Wi-Fi. But one important piece of information that some people don't look at is a city's air pollution levels. A new study by researchers at UCLA shows that even a short-term visit to a severely polluted city can be detrimental to one's health.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.11.2019
How our dreams prepare us to face our fears
How our dreams prepare us to face our fears
Researchers from UNIGE and HUG demonstrate how the fears we experience in our dreams prepare us to tackle anxiety-provoking situations once we're awake. Do bad dreams serve a real purpose? To answer this question, researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG), Switzerland, - working in collaboration with the University of Wisconsin (USA) - analysed the dreams of a number of people and identified which areas of the brain were activated when they experienced fear in their dreams.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.11.2019
New Approach to Treating Incurable Leukemia in Children Discovered
New Approach to Treating Incurable Leukemia in Children Discovered
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common form of cancer affecting children in Switzerland and, unfortunately, is often incurable. Researchers from the University of Zurich and the University Children's Hospital Zurich have now found a way to stop the driving force behind this type of leukemia at a molecular level and develop a targeted therapy.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.11.2019
Cellular origins of pediatric brain tumors identified
Channels McGill University News and Events Researchers make a breakthrough by identifying that several aggressive pediatric brain tumors are the result of stalled development in embryonic cells A research team led by Dr. Claudia Kleinman, an investigator at the Lady Davis Institute at the Jewish General Hospital, together with Dr. Nada Jabado, of the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC), and Dr.

Health - 25.11.2019
Wearable Sweat Sensor Detects Gout-Causing Compounds
There are numerous things to dislike about going to the doctor: Paying a copay, sitting in the waiting room, out-of-date magazines, sick people coughing without covering their mouths. For many, though, the worst thing about a doctor's visit is getting stuck with a needle. Blood tests are a tried-and-true way of evaluating what is going on with your body, but the discomfort is unavoidable.

Materials Science - Health - 22.11.2019
Protection for pacemakers
Protection for pacemakers
A protective membrane for cardiac pacemakers developed at ETH Zurich has proved successful in animal trials in reducing the undesirable build-up of fibrotic tissue around the implant. The next step is to test the protective membrane in patients. ETH scientists have developed a special protective membrane made of cellulose that significantly reduces the build-up of fibrotic tissue around cardiac pacemaker implants, as reported in the current issue of the journal Biomaterials.

Health - Pharmacology - 22.11.2019
Screening for thyroid dysfunction in patients without symptoms: don’t routinely check that box
Channels McGill University News and Events New guideline from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care A new guideline from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care found no benefit of routine screening for thyroid dysfunction in adults without symptoms or risk factors. Based on the latest evidence, the Task Force guideline recommends against routine screening for thyroid dysfunction in non-pregnant adults and is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) .

Health - Life Sciences - 21.11.2019
Bacteria used to control the mosquito-borne virus dengue in the wild
Scientists have reported an effective and environmentally sustainable way to block the transmission of mosquito-borne dengue virus, in trials carried out in Malaysia. Using a strain of the bacteria Wolbachia , which inhibit mosquitoes from transmitting viruses to humans, researchers at the Universities of Glasgow and Melbourne and the Institute for Medical Research in Malaysia were successfully able to reduce cases of dengue at sites in Kuala Lumpur.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.11.2019
Should newborns get genetic testing for adult-onset conditions?
In the last decade, genome sequencing has provided a wealth of information about risks for certain diseases. But should parents be able to get all of the sequence results of their children's genomes, especially if the variants would not cause illness or symptoms until adulthood? No, argues a University of Chicago medical ethicist, who recently examined the issue through the lens of one newborn genetic sequencing case study gone awry.

Pharmacology - Health - 21.11.2019
How an AI solution can design new tuberculosis drug regimens
oe中文 हिन्दी Portugus Español Share on: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn With a shortage of new tuberculosis drugs in the pipeline, a software tool from the University of Michigan can predict how current drugs'including unlikely candidates'can be combined in new ways to create more effective treatments.

Pharmacology - Health - 21.11.2019
Small rise in heart attack protein linked to increased risk of early death
An analysis of patients' heart data has shown that even a small increase in a protein linked to heart attacks is linked to an increased risk of death. Clinicians use troponin testing, alongside other investigations, to determine whether a patient is having a heart attack and to inform treatment choices.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.11.2019
New maths reveals how diseases progress and bacteria develop drug resistance
Scientists from Imperial and the University of Bergen have found a new way to predict how a disease will likely progress in individual patients. This could help patients receive more targeted treatments earlier in the progress of their disease. [Our approach] is very useful for tracking disease markers, learning about biological evolution and other processes that occur over time.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.11.2019
Digital sepsis monitoring system helps save lives and improves care
The introduction of a digital alert system to monitor patients with sepsis has led to a reduction in deaths and hospital stays. Sepsis, also known as blood poisoning, is life threatening and accounts for an estimated 46,000 deaths in the UK each year. If diagnosed early it can be treated effectively with antibiotics but the difficulty lies in spotting sepsis before it develops, as symptoms are similar to other illnesses such as flu.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2019
Emerging tick-borne parasite detected in UK
Scientists have detected an exotic tick-borne parasite within sheep in the North of Scotland, according to a new study. The research, by scientists at the University of Glasgow's School of Veterinary Medicine and Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, was published today in Emerging Infectious Diseases, the journal of the Centre for Disease Control (CDC).