News 2019



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Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Study provides insights into how fibrosis progresses in the human lung
A Yale-led collaborative study boosts scientific understanding of how the lung disease idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) progresses, providing a roadmap for researchers to discover new treatment targets for the disease. The study, led by Naftali Kaminski, M.D., the Boehringer-Ingelheim Endowed Professor of Internal Medicine and chief of the Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine at Yale School of Medicine, and John E. McDonough, instructor and researcher at the medical school, appears in JCI.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Phage Therapy Shows Promise Beyond Treating Infections
For first time, researchers use bacteriophages in mice to treat a condition not considered a classic bacterial infection: alcoholic liver disease. Bacteriophages are viruses that specifically destroy bacteria. In the early 20th century, researchers experimented with phages as a potential method for treating bacterial infections.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Vaping: A Serious Hit to Your Health
A young patient lies in a hospital bed in the intensive care unit (ICU) connected to a mechanical breathing machine that will perform basic functions his body can no longer do. He is a vaper, and his experience is becoming increasingly common in hospitals across the nation. "I am seeing more (vaping) patients with serious lung issues in the ICU and it is devastating," said Atul Malhotra, MD, critical care pulmonologist and sleep medicine specialist at UC San Diego Health.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Antibody injection stops peanut allergy for 2 to 6 weeks
A Stanford-led pilot study has provided early evidence that an antibody is a safe, effective and rapid food allergy treatment. One injection of an antibody treatment let people with severe peanut allergies eat a nut's worth of peanut protein two weeks later, a small, Stanford-led pilot study showed. The study provides early evidence that the antibody is a safe, effective and rapid food allergy treatment.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.11.2019
Breakthrough in malaria research
Breakthrough in malaria research
An international scientific consortium led by the cell biologists Volker Heussler from the University of Bern and Oliver Billker from the Umeň University in Sweden has for the first time systematically investigated the genome of the malaria parasite Plasmodium throughout its life cycle in a large-scale experiment.

Health - 14.11.2019
Place of residence and sodas, an explosive cocktail
In a groundbreaking study published today, scientists used precision geospatial analysis techniques to show that obesity and the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are more prevalent in some parts of Geneva than others.áThe study, a collaboration between HUG, EPFL, UNIGE and CHUV, is the first of its kind to establish a link between place of residence, SSB consumption and high body mass index (BMI).

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2019
Can ’smart toilets’ be the next health data wellspring?
Wearable, smart technologies are transforming the ability to monitor and improve health, but a decidedly low-tech commodity - the humble toilet - may have potential to outperform them all. That's the conclusion of a team of metabolism scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Morgridge Institute for Research , who are working to put the tremendous range of metabolic health information contained in urine to work for personalized medicine.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.11.2019
’hyperhotspots’ for identifying skin cancer risk
New research by Yale University scientists reports the discovery of "hyperhotspots" in the human genome, locations that are up to 170-times more sensitive to ultraviolet radiation (UV) from sunlight compared to the genome average. Exposure to UV radiation is the major cause of skin cancer. Screening the hyperhotspots could offer a new means of predicting a person's skin cancer risk.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.11.2019
Experimental drug targets currently untreatable type of lung cancer
Researchers at Stanford and UCSF slowed the spread of a type of nonsmall cell lung cancer in mice by neutralizing a single protein that would otherwise set off a chain reaction, causing runaway tumor growth. Scientists at Stanford and UC-San Francisco have developed an experimental drug that targets a currently untreatable type of lung cancer responsible for generating roughly 500,000 newly diagnosed cases worldwide each year.

Health - 13.11.2019
Chronic adversity may impair ability to cope with stress
People exposed to a lifetime of psychosocial adversity may have an impaired ability to produce the dopamine levels needed for coping with acutely stressful situations, according to a new UCL-led study. The findings, published in the journal eLife , may help explain why long-term exposure to psychological trauma and abuse increases the risk of mental illness and addiction.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.11.2019
Amoebas to replace laboratory mice
Amoebas to replace laboratory mice
The University of Geneva awards its 3R Prize to research that reduces the number of animals in experimentation through better selection of the compounds to be tested. Minimize the number of anti-infective compounds to be tested in an animal model by first selecting them on infected amoebas to retain only the most effective ones.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.11.2019
Bionic pacemaker slows progression of heart failure
Using brain circuits made in silicon, scientists have alleviated symptoms of heart failure by reinstating the body's natural heart rhythm. This study published in The Journal of Physiology today [Wednesday 13 November] holds great potential for designing more effective pacemakers in the future. In the UK alone, around 900,000 people are living with heart failure and almost 1.4 million have survived a heart attack.

Health - 12.11.2019
Some complementary and alternative therapies to treat colic show promise
A review of the evidence on the use of complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies to treat babies with colic has shown some that some treatments - including probiotics, fennel extract and spinal manipulation - do appear to help, but that overall the evidence on the use of these therapies is limited so should be treated with caution.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.11.2019
Old Joe to turn blue to mark World Antibiotic Awareness Week
The face of the University of Birmingham's 'Old Joe' Clock tower will be lit blue to shine a light on the work scientists are doing to discover new ways to prevent and treat drug-resistant bacterial infections. The clock will turn blue during World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2019, which runs from 18 - 24 November, and is organised by the World Health Organization (WHO) to increase global awareness of antibiotic resistance and to encourage best practices among the general public, health workers and policy makers to avoid the further emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.11.2019
Newborn baby hiccups could be key to brain development
Each time a newborn baby hiccups, it triggers a large wave of brain signals which could help the baby learn how to regulate their breathing, finds a new UCL-led study. The study, published in Clinical Neurophysiology , was based on brain scans of newborn infants. "The reasons for why we hiccup are not entirely clear, but there may be a developmental reason, given that foetuses and newborn babies hiccup so frequently," said the study's lead author, research associate Kimberley Whitehead (UCL Neuroscience, Physiology & Pharmacology).

Innovation - Health - 12.11.2019
Graz universities celebrated their flashes of genius
Graz universities celebrated their flashes of genius
By Christoph Pelzl Med Uni Graz, TU Graz and Uni Graz yesterday honoured those scientists who have pioneered research in the last two years with their inventions and patents. Since 2015, the Medical University of Graz, Graz University of Technology and the University of Graz have been honouring particularly "inventive" researchers in a joint ceremony every two years.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.11.2019
Pioneering new ‘smart needle’ could revolutionise cancer diagnosis
Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that can detect and diagnose one of the most common types of cancer within seconds - using light. A multidisciplinary team of experts has developed a ground-breaking 'smart needle' probe that uses light to pinpoint cancerous tissues or cells almost instantaneously.

Social Sciences - Health - 11.11.2019
Aging in good health: the inequalities are widening
Aging in good health: the inequalities are widening
UNIGE researchers have been analysing the rise in healthy life expectancy in Switzerland since 1990 and measuring the differences based on an individual's level of education. Life expectancy in Switzerland has been growing steadily for decades. But have these additional years been spent in good health or, on the contrary, do they only prolong the ills of an aging population?

Health - Social Sciences - 11.11.2019
Arts ’crucial’ to reducing poor health and inequality
Engaging in artistic activities such as singing and dancing from a young age can reduce social inequalities and encourage healthy behaviours, according to a new report from UCL and the World Health Organisation (WHO). The study, published today, is the world's largest review to date into the health benefits of the arts.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.11.2019
Retinal imaging technology for early detection of Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer's disease is the leading cause of dementia in the U.S., with approximately 5.4 million currently affected and an estimated 16 million by 2050. Damage to the brain from Alzheimer's disease occurs years before patients exhibit symptoms. Attempted therapies have been unsuccessful largely because there is no measurable indicator - or biomarker - for Alzheimer's disease before it is already symptomatic and advanced.
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