News 2019



Results 21 - 40 of 142.

Environment - Innovation - 16.10.2019
Major implications for global metal demand without industry change
Major implications for global metal demand without industry change
The effects environmental, social and governance (ESG) risks will have on the global supply of metals without major innovations in the mining industry have been highlighted by University of Queensland researchers. Researchers from UQ's Sustainable Minerals Institute (SMI) designed a matrix to assess the ESG context of more than 600 individual copper, iron and bauxite orebodies and then analysed how it may affect global supply.

Physics - Innovation - 11.10.2019
Controlling superconducting regions within an exotic metal
Controlling superconducting regions within an exotic metal
Researchers at EPFL have created a metallic microdevice in which they can define and tune patterns of superconductivity. Their discovery, which holds great promise for quantum technologies of the future, has just been published in Science. Superconductivity has fascinated scientists for many years since it offers the potential to revolutionize current technologies.

Innovation - 11.10.2019
Engineering solutions for safer roads
More than 1.25 million lives are lost on roads around the world each year - a statistic a University of Queensland -led research team is aiming to tackle using engineering technology. UQ civil engineer and researcher Professor Simon Washington said the Engineering and Technology project relied on video technology, deep learning, artificial intelligence and advanced econometrics to improve road safety.

Environment - Innovation - 10.10.2019
Interactive map shows nature’s contributions to people
The researchers set out to understand where nature contributes the most to people and how many people may be affected by future changes. By 2050, up to 5 billion people could be at higher risk of water pollution, coastal storms and underpollinated crops. Nature supports people in critical ways, often at a highly local level.

Physics - Innovation - 09.10.2019
Physicists couple key components of quantum technologies
Physicists couple key components of quantum technologies
Quantum effects are genuinely found in the world of nanostructures and allow a wide variety of new technological applications. For example, a quantum computer could in the future solve problems, which conventional computers need a lot of time to handle. All over the world, researchers are engaged in intensive work on the individual components of quantum technologies - these include circuits that process information using single photons instead of electricity, as well as light sources producing such individual quanta of light.

Physics - Innovation - 09.10.2019
Quantum paradox experiment may lead to more accurate clocks and sensors
Quantum paradox experiment may lead to more accurate clocks and sensors
More accurate clocks and sensors may result from a recently proposed experiment, linking an Einstein-devised paradox to quantum mechanics. University of Queensland physicist Dr Magdalena Zych said the international collaboration aimed to test Einstein's twin paradox using quantum particles in a 'superposition' state.

Innovation - Veterinary - 26.09.2019
High-Tech Sensors and Blockchain: New Avenues Towards Elimination of Rabies
High-Tech Sensors and Blockchain: New Avenues Towards Elimination of Rabies
Rabies continues to kill approximately 60,000 people every year, mainly in Africa and Asia. In order to reach the goal to eliminate dog-mediated human rabies worldwide by 2030, integrated strategies, political will and innovations are needed. Swiss TPH is at the forefront of rabies research; from devising high-tech sensors to track dogs in urban settings and employing new mathematical methodologies to investigating blockchain for improved access to post-exposure prophylaxis.

Physics - Innovation - 25.09.2019
Precision physics with 'tabletop' experiments
Precision physics with ’tabletop’ experiments
With the future of large particle accelerators uncertain, Stanford theorists are exploring the use of smaller, more precise "tabletop" experiments to investigate fundamental questions in physics. The history of particle accelerators is one of seemingly constant one-upmanship. Ever since the 1920s, the machines - which spur charged particles to near light speeds before crashing them together - have grown ever larger, more complex and more powerful.

Health - Innovation - 24.09.2019
UCL plays significant role in pioneering data research centres
UCL is a key partner in four of seven new centres announced by Health Data Research UK. The data hubs, to be set up across the UK from October this year, will speed up research for new medicines, treatments and health technologies to support quicker diagnosis and save lives. They will promote better use of health data by linking up different types of data and making it more easily accessible and user-friendly for research, while maintaining strict controls around data privacy and consent.

Environment - Innovation - 24.09.2019
Lead found in turmeric
Some spice processors in Bangladesh use an industrial lead chromate pigment to imbue turmeric with a bright yellow color prized for curries and other traditional dishes, elevating blood lead levels in Bangladeshis. It's billed as a health booster and healing agent, but it may be the source of cognitive defects and other severe ailments.

Law - Innovation - 19.09.2019
Opinion: Why forensic science is in crisis and how we can fix it
Professor Ruth Morgan (UCL Security and Crime Science) writes about the misinterpretation of forensic evidence and the issues that this causes for the criminal justice system. Imagine you're in court, accused of a crime that you know you didn't commit. Now imagine a scientist takes the stand and starts explaining to the court how your DNA is on the murder weapon.

Innovation - 17.09.2019
Smiths Detection joins Imperial White City’s security and defence ecosystem
Global threat detection and security technologies company Smiths Detection have announced the opening of an office at Imperial College London. The new office is opened in the I-Hub with the intention of establishing an R&D partnership between the two organizations. Smiths Detection, part of Smiths Group, specialises in sensors and detection technology for security and defence purposes.

Computer Science - Innovation - 17.09.2019
ESnet a Key Partner on Project to Build Novel Network Research Infrastructure
ESnet a Key Partner on Project to Build Novel Network Research Infrastructure
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is funding a collaborative effort to create a nationwide research infrastructure that will enable the computer science and networking community to develop and test novel architectures that could yield a faster, more secure Internet. Dubbed " FABRIC ," the four-year, $20 million project is intended to support exploratory research, at scale, in computer networking, distributed computing systems, and next-generation applications.

Innovation - Life Sciences - 17.09.2019
Novel viruses carried by the Scottish midge
Scientists discover novel viruses carried by the Scottish midge Scotland's biting midge population carries previously-unknown viruses, according to new research. The study - published in Viruses and carried out by scientists at the MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research (CVR) - used high throughput sequencing to study, for the first time, the total collection of viruses in the biting midge ( Culicoides impunctatus ).

Health - Innovation - 17.09.2019
New incubator to fuel life science innovation in Stanford Research Park
New incubator to fuel life science innovation in Stanford Research Park
A recently vacated building in Stanford Research Park will be the future home of a new life sciences incubator and lab suites. Located near campus, this incubator will serve as an anchor for a preeminent life sciences district. To bolster the long-term vision of a thriving bioscience community near its campus, Stanford University is working to shape part of Stanford Research Park into a leading life science district focused on fast-growing sectors such as bioengineering, gene therapies, diagnostics, medical technology and devices, surgical robotics and digital health.

Pharmacology - Innovation - 16.09.2019
Drugs cannot escape the NarcoReader
The University of Antwerp is coordinating a European project to increase efficiency in drug detection With the NarcoReader, the University of Antwerp is collaborating with its international partners to develop a high-tech device that is intended to make the detection of drugs quite a bit more efficient.

Chemistry - Innovation - 16.09.2019
Measuring ethanol's deadly twin
Measuring ethanol’s deadly twin
ETH researchers have developed an inexpensive, handheld measuring device that can distinguish between methanol and potable alcohol. It offers a simple, quick method of detecting adulterated or contaminated alcoholic beverages and is able to diagnose methanol poisoning in exhaled breath. Methanol is sometimes referred to as ethanol's deadly twin.

Health - Innovation - 13.09.2019
MRI-guided biopsy best for determining future risk of prostate cancer
E very year, tens thousands of men in the United States are diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer. Most are told that they don't need treatment other than "active surveillance" to monitor their slow-growing tumors. Now, UCLA physicians have shown that the best way to proceed with this is by starting out with an MRI-guided prostate biopsy.

Innovation - Environment - 10.09.2019
New ways to find natural gas leaks quickly
New ways to find natural gas leaks quickly
Finding natural gas leaks more quickly and at lower cost could reduce methane emissions. Ten promising technologies mounted on drones, trucks and airplanes were tested last year. The results are in. On trucks, drones and airplanes, 10 promising technologies for finding natural gas leaks swiftly and cheaply competed in the Mobile Monitoring Challenge, the first independent assessment of moving gas leak detectors at well sites.

Health - Innovation - 09.09.2019
UK urged to lead brain-machine interface technology by Imperial-led report
A Royal Society report, led by Imperial experts, has urged the UK Government to take the lead on tech that merges brain, body and machine. The report , part of a new perspective on this emerging technology and published by the Royal Society , argues that the UK government should launch a national investigation into neural interface technologies - devices that "blur the lines between mind and machine" - and their ethical implications.