News 2019



Results 41 - 60 of 87.

Psychology - 13.08.2019
Dementia care program improves mental health of patients, caregivers
UCLA-led research finds that a comprehensive dementia care program staffed by nurse practitioners working within a health system improves the mental and emotional health of patients and their caregivers. While the program did not slow the progression of dementia, it did reduce patients' behavioral problems and depression, and lower the distress of caregivers, the researchers found.

Psychology - 02.08.2019
Could explain why babies born during winter are at higher risk of developing mental health disorders
Levels of the stress hormone cortisol are higher in women who give birth in the autumn and winter than those who give birth in the spring or summer, finds a new study by researchers at Cardiff University. The new findings could explain why mental health disorders are more common in people born during the winter.

Psychology - 29.07.2019
New understanding of autism may help tackle mental health problems
New understanding of autism may help tackle mental health problems
A new framework for understanding the diverse features of autism could help University of Queensland researchers develop an intervention for people with the disorder who have mental health problems. UQ School of Psychology 's Dr Daniel Skorich said the Integrated Self-Categorisation model of Autism (ISCA) explains the various features of the disorder - previously thought to be unrelated - within a unified framework.

Environment - Psychology - 25.07.2019
How city planning can consider nature’s impact on mental health
Scientific studies have shown that interacting with nature improves mental health. However, trying to design practical solutions for cities or organizations has proven more difficult. Now, a new study co-authored by a University of Chicago psychologist offers a framework for how city planners and municipalities around the world can start to measure the mental health benefits of nature.

Psychology - Environment - 24.07.2019
How to consider nature's impact on mental health in city plans
How to consider nature’s impact on mental health in city plans
Almost one in five adults in the U.S. lives with a mental illness. That statistic is similar worldwide, with an estimated 450 million people currently dealing with a mental or neurological disorder. Of those, only about a third seek treatment. Interacting with nature is starting to be recognized as one way to improve mental health.

Health - Psychology - 24.07.2019
Genes underscore five psychiatric disorders
A group of international doctors has uncovered the genes that contribute to the development of ADHD, autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, major depression and schizophrenia. A collaborate research project carried out by The University of Queensland and Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam analysed more than 400,000 individuals to determine the genes behind these five psychiatric disorders.

Health - Psychology - 17.07.2019
Body and mind need care in mental illness
The 18-year life expectancy gap between people with mental illness and the general population can only be bridged by protecting patients' physical and mental health, according to a new study. As part of a Lancet Psychiatry Commission into mental illness, University of Queensland researchers found patients' physical health was often overlooked in pursuit of treating the mind.

Psychology - Health - 04.07.2019
Problematic smartphone use linked to poorer grades, alcohol misuse and more sexual partners
Problematic smartphone use linked to poorer grades, alcohol misuse and more sexual partners
A survey of more than 3,400 university students in the USA has found that one in five respondents reported problematic smartphone use. Female students were more likely be affected and problematic smartphone use was associated with lower grade averages, mental health problems and higher numbers of sexual partners.

Health - Psychology - 03.07.2019
Capability assessments: making them more consistent
On behalf of social security institutions, psychiatrists assess to what extent people with mental health problems are still able to work. However, the work capability assessments tend to be far too dissimilar. A new training course has helped to reduce the differences. This confirms a study conducted by researchers in Basel.

Psychology - 28.06.2019
Most Productive Teams Include Different Kinds of Thinkers
To create optimal collaboration in a work group, organizations should strike the right balance of different cognitive styles among the participants, according to new research from Carnegie Mellon University. Anita Williams Woolley , associate professor of Organizational Behavior and Theory in the Tepper School of Business , coauthored the study, " The Impact of Cognitive Style Diversity on Implicit Learning in Teams ," which was published in the journal Frontiers In Psychology.

Psychology - 27.06.2019
LGBTQ Asian Americans seen as more ’American’
The fastest-growing racial group in the United States - Asian Americans - is also one that is consistently perceived as "foreign." But for Asian Americans who are gay or lesbian, their sexual orientation may make them seem more "American" than those who are presumed straight. A new University of Washington study, the latest in research to examine stereotypes, identity and ideas about who is "American," focuses on how sexual orientation and race come together to influence others' perceptions.

Psychology - 26.06.2019
Millions of war survivors worldwide suffer from mental illness
Millions of war survivors worldwide suffer from mental illness
Psychologists at Münster University estimate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression after wars in the total population Wars leave their marks on people - the physical damage is usually obvious, but the scars a war can leave in the psychological well-being of survivors often remain beneath the surface.

Veterinary - Psychology - 17.06.2019
Managing the risk of aggressive dog behaviour
Aggressive behaviour in pet dogs is a serious problem for dog owners across the world, with bite injuries representing a serious risk to both people and other dogs. New research by the University of Bristol has explored the factors that influence how owners manage aggressive behaviour in their dogs.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 13.06.2019
Examining how people’s emotions are influenced by others
New Stanford research on emotions shows that people's motivations are a driving factor behind how much they allow others to influence their feelings, such as anger. In a new study, Stanford psychologists examined why some people respond differently to an upsetting situation and learned that people's motivations play an important role in how they react.

Psychology - 13.06.2019
Is every type of social support helpful?
Is every type of social support helpful?
New neuroscience research suggests support-dependent modulation of responses to social exclusion Social support can change the way we perceive an unpleasant situation, but some types of support seem more effective than others. An international team of researchers led by Giorgia Silani from the Faculty of Psychology at the University of Vienna, has shown that negative feelings and brain responses are modulated by the type of social support we receive after being socially excluded.

Health - Psychology - 06.06.2019
Women who are experiencing domestic abuse are nearly three times as likely to develop mental illness
Academics at the University of Birmingham have identified a significant association between mental illness and domestic abuse in UK women. Up until now, there has been confusion whether the mental illness or the abuse came first and very few previous studies have been able to demonstrate the direction of the relationship.

Health - Psychology - 05.06.2019
Despite increase in rates of non-suicidal self-harm, few people receive medical or psychological support
A new study of non-suicidal self-harm in England, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal, suggests that rates grew from around 2 per cent to 6 per cent of the population between 2000 and 2014. At the same time, the study noted no evidence of an increase in treatment contact for this group. Non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH) is defined as self-inflicted harm without suicidal intent.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 30.05.2019
A small electrical zap to the brain could help you retrieve a forgotten memory
A study by UCLA psychologists provides strong evidence that a certain region of the brain plays a critical role in memory recall. The research, published in the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience , also shows for the first time that using an electrical current to stimulate that region, the left rostrolateral prefrontal cortex, improves people's ability to retrieve memories.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 27.05.2019
Altered Brain Activity in Antisocial Teenagers
Teenage girls with problematic social behavior display reduced brain activity and weaker connectivity between the brain regions implicated in emotion regulation. The findings of an international study carried out by researchers from the University of Zurich and others now offer a neurobiological explanation for the difficulties some girls have in controlling their emotions, and provide indications for possible therapy approaches.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 21.05.2019
A refugee's personality is a factor that decides how successful integration is
A refugee’s personality is a factor that decides how successful integration is
Refugees who are more willing to take risks, who tend to reciprocate friendliness, and who are more strongly convinced than others are that they are in control of their lives integrate into society faster. This is the result of a study undertaken on the basis of the "IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany" which researchers from the University of Münster, Saarland University and the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) at the German Institute of Economic Research (DIW) devised.