News 2019



Results 61 - 80 of 87.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 20.05.2019
Empathic birds
Empathic birds
Raven observers show emotional contagion with raven demonstrators experiencing an unpleasant affect To effectively navigate the social world, we need information about each other's emotions. Emotional contagion has been suggested to facilitate such information transmission, constituting a basic building block of empathy that could also be present in non-human animals.

Psychology - 08.05.2019
Adolescent self-harmers misjudge bodily sensations
Adolescents who self-harm experience heightened sensations across their skin and misjudge bodily cues such as hunger and headaches, University of Queensland -led research has found. UQ Centre for Clinical Research PhD candidate Emily Hielscher said adolescents who self-harmed lacked self-awareness about their bodies.

Health - Psychology - 29.04.2019
Susceptibility to Disease Develops during Childhood
Traumatized children and children who develop multiple allergies tend to suffer in adulthood from chronic inflammatory diseases and psychiatric disorders. Researchers at the Universities of Zurich and Lausanne have demonstrated this in a study in which they identified five classes of early immune-system programming.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 26.04.2019
Another victim of violence: trust in those who mean no harm
Exposure to violence does not change the ability to learn who is likely to do harm, but it does damage the ability to place trust in "good people," psychologists at Yale and University of Oxford report April 26 Communications. More than 80% of youth in urban areas experienced violence in their communities in the last year, and those experiences have a profound effect on their health, the researchers say.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 18.04.2019
Brain wiring differences identified in children with conduct disorder
Behavioural problems in young people with severe antisocial behaviour - known as conduct disorder - could be caused by differences in the brain's wiring that link the brain's emotional centres together, according to new research led by the University of Birmingham. Conduct disorder affects around 1 in 20 children and teenagers and is one of the most common reasons for referral to child and adolescent mental health services.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 18.04.2019
Behavioral disorders in kids with autism linked to lower brain connectivity
More than a quarter of children with autism spectrum disorder are also diagnosed with disruptive behavior disorders. For the first time, Yale researchers have identified a possible biological cause: a key mechanism that regulates emotion functions differently in the brains of the children who exhibit disruptive behavior.

Politics - Psychology - 16.04.2019
Political fake news: they might be a liar but they’re my liar
An international collaboration has investigated how people perceive politicians when they spread misinformation. The research found supporters of the politicians reduced their belief in misinformation once corrected, yet their feelings towards the political figure remained unchanged if misinformation was presented alongside an equal number of facts.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 04.04.2019
Care home study will assess if exercising while seated improves the health of frail older adults
Volunteer residents at a care home are taking part in a new University of Birmingham study aimed at assessing whether exercising while seated can improve the health and well-being of frail older adults. The study, called Keeping Active in Residential Elderly (KARE), is being conducted by the Physical Activity and Nutritional INfluences In ageing (PANINI) project research group at the University of Birmingham.

Psychology - 02.04.2019
'Overcoming Barriers: Autism in the Somali community' film premiere
‘Overcoming Barriers: Autism in the Somali community’ film premiere
World Autism Awareness Day (WAAD) is an internationally recognised day on 2 April every year to raise awareness of the hurdles that people with autism - and others living with autism - face every day. Following research by the University of Bristol, the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and Autism Independence, a film that tells the stories of Bristol-based Somali families affected by autism and the professionals who support them will be premiered tomorrow [Wednesday 3 April].

Pedagogy - Psychology - 25.03.2019
Is time-out damaging your child?
Is time-out damaging your child?
Time-out as a method of discipline for toddlers and young children is a hot topic among parents and educators. Is it harmful? Does it damage the attachment bond between parent and child? New research says no. It is still one of the most effective discipline strategies. Research from the University of Sydney has found that the correct use of 'time-out' as a form of discipline does not harm a child's mental health, but rather increases well-being and happiness.

Psychology - 21.03.2019
Levels of autism in China similar to the West, joint Chinese-UK study shows
Levels of autism in China similar to the West, joint Chinese-UK study shows
Contrary to previous studies, we have shown that the prevalence of autism spectrum conditions in China is in line with that found in the West Dr Sophia Xiang Sun Sign up to receive our weekly research email Our selection of the week's biggest research news and features direct to your inbox from the University of Cambridge.

Psychology - 21.03.2019
Depression in your twenties linked to memory loss in your fifties, find Sussex psychologists
Depression in your twenties linked to memory loss in your fifties, find Sussex psychologists
A new large-scale longitudinal study carried out by University of Sussex psychologists has found a clear link between episodes of depression and anxiety experienced by adults in their twenties, thirties and forties, with a decrease in memory function by the time they are in their fifties. The study, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, is the first of its kind to look at the relationship between depressive symptoms experienced across three decades of early-mid adulthood and a decline in cognitive function in midlife.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 14.03.2019
Thanking and Apologizing: Talk That Isn’t Cheap
We place a high value on teaching children to say "thank you" and "I'm sorry." As adults, these simple words are central to many social interactions.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 13.03.2019
Negative Emotions Can Reduce Our Capacity to Trust
It is no secret that a bad mood can negatively affect how we treat others. But can it also make us more distrustful? Yes, according to a new study, which shows that negative emotions reduce how much we trust others, even if these emotions were triggered by events that have nothing to do with the decision to trust.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 28.02.2019
New Stanford-led study identifies factors that could promote resilience in children facing extreme adversity
Research led by Jelena Obradovi? singles out characteristics associated with stronger executive function skills in highly disadvantaged preschoolers. Preschoolers' ability to regulate their attention, behavior and emotions has been linked with their capacity to cope with difficult situations and thrive in the classroom.

Health - Psychology - 28.02.2019
Psychiatry: case notes indicate impending seclusion
Psychiatry: case notes indicate impending seclusion
Using notes made by the attending healthcare professionals about psychiatric patients enables impending coercive measures to be predicted in advance - potentially even through automated text analysis. This was reported by researchers from the University of Basel and the Psychiatric University Clinics Basel in the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry.

Psychology - 25.02.2019
Face it. Our faces don't always reveal our true emotions
Face it. Our faces don’t always reveal our true emotions
Actor James Franco looks sort of happy as he records a video diary in the movie "127 Hours." It's not until the camera zooms out, revealing his arm is crushed under a boulder, that it becomes clear his goofy smile belies his agony. That's because when it comes to reading a person's state of mind, visual context - as in background and action - is just as important as facial expressions and body language, according to a new study from UC Berkeley.

Health - Psychology - 25.02.2019
UofG researchers join largest ever study on depression and anxiety
The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) BioResource and King's College London are partnering with institutions around the UK to call for people from Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and England with depression or anxiety to join the online Genetic Links to Anxiety and Depression (GLAD) Study.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 15.02.2019
Live better with attainable goals
Live better with attainable goals
Those who set realistic goals can hope for a higher level of well-being. The key for later satisfaction is whether the life goals are seen as attainable and what they mean to the person, as psychologists from the University of Basel report in a study with over 970 participants. Wealth, community, health, meaningful work: life goals express a person's character, as they determine behavior and the compass by which people are guided.

Psychology - 13.02.2019
Ethnic minority children over identified with Special Education Needs (SEN)
Children of ethnic minority groups are over-represented for some types of Special Educational Needs (SEN) and under-represented for other types, compared to White British pupils, according to new Oxford University research. The report finds that: Asian pupils (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Other Asian) are half as likely to be identified with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) as White British pupils Black Caribbean and Mixed White & Black Caribbean pupils are twice as likely to be identified with Social, Emotional and Mental Health (SEMH) needs as White British pupils.