News 2019


Social Sciences

Results 101 - 120 of 191.

Innovation - Social Sciences - 21.08.2019
Online dating is the most popular way U.S. couples meet
Matchmaking is now the primary job of online algorithms, according to new research from Stanford sociologist Michael Rosenfeld. His new study shows that most heterosexual couples today meet online. Algorithms, and not friends and family, are now the go-to matchmaker for people looking for love, Stanford sociologist Michael Rosenfeld has found.

Social Sciences - 21.08.2019
Young people with vision impairment face a cliff edge when leaving education to find work
The University of Birmingham have published the results of a Longitudinal Transition Study, funded by Thomas Pocklington Trust, following the experiences of young people with vision impairment from secondary school into further education and employment. Findings from the study show that whilst participants are inching closer to the labour market, common challenges were identified: Just over a fifth (21 per cent) are either 'Not in Education, Employment, or Training' (NEET) or in long term unpaid voluntary work.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.08.2019
'Hidden' data exacerbates rural public health inequities
’Hidden’ data exacerbates rural public health inequities
Differences in the health of rural residents compared to their urban neighbors are startling. In Washington, for instance, rural residents are one-third more likely to die from intentional self-harm or 13 percent more likely to die from heart disease. However, while statistics like these help guide public health policy and spending, they can hide even greater health disparities within those rural communities, said Betty Bekemeier , director of the UW School of Public Health's Northwest Center for Public Health Practice and a professor in the UW School of Nursing.

Social Sciences - 16.08.2019
’Follow the leader’ mentality a hallmark of gang rape
Physically violent rapes by multiple perpetrators are most frequently carried out by groups in which a strong leader is able to influence the behaviour of followers, new research shows. According to a study carried out by researchers at the University of Birmingham, Lancaster University and the University of Gloucestershire , the ways in which peer group members mimic the actions of group leaders is a key hallmark of these attacks.

Social Sciences - 14.08.2019
Uncovers how heavy social media use disrupts girls’ mental health
Frequent, heavy social media use can disrupt activities which promote positive mental health in girls, new research suggests. The findings come from the first comprehensive observational study into how very frequent use of platforms such as Instagram, Facebook, Snapchat and WhatsApp may harm the mental health of young people.

Environment - Social Sciences - 13.08.2019
Coca and conflict: the factors fuelling Colombian deforestation
Coca and conflict: the factors fuelling Colombian deforestation
Deforestation in Colombia has been linked to armed conflict and forests' proximity to coca crops, the plant from which cocaine is derived. A University of Queensland-led study found that conflict between illegal groups and the governmental military forces, proximity to coca plantations, mining concessions, oil wells and roads were all associated with increased deforestation.

Social Sciences - 09.08.2019
Bone strength could be linked to when you reached puberty
A new study from the University of Bristol has linked bone strength to the timing of puberty. Published today (Friday 9 August) in JAMA Network Open researchers looked at six repeated bone scans from 6389 children in Bristol's Children of the 90s study between the ages of ten and 25 to assess if the timing of puberty had any influence on bone density throughout adolescence and into early adulthood.

Social Sciences - 09.08.2019
Children at risk of sexual exploitation need better support, report concludes
Children who are constantly moved around the social care system are more likely to be vulnerable to sexual exploitation, new research concludes. Dr Sophie Hallett of Cardiff University led the study, which used case records to track a cohort of 205 children involved with social services in one Welsh local authority.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 08.08.2019
Shows gun shops can aid in preventing suicides
Shows gun shops can aid in preventing suicides
Firearm retailers around Washington state are willing to learn about suicide prevention and to train their employees in how to spot and act on suicide warning signs, a new University of Washington study finds.

Social Sciences - 07.08.2019
Self-harm incidents in Welsh prisons reach new high
The number of self-harm incidents in Welsh prisons has reached record levels, figures from Cardiff University's Wales Governance Centre show. Drawing on data from Freedom of Information requests as well as publicly available Ministry of Justice figures, the report shows that self-harm incidents (excluding HMP Berwyn*) rose by 16% in the year ending March 2019, following a record figure the previous year.

Social Sciences - 05.08.2019
Kindergarten Conduct Linked to Earning Power as an Adult
How you behave in kindergarten may affect your future earnings as an adult. New longitudinal research examined the association between six prevalent childhood behaviors in kindergarten and annual earnings at ages 33 to 35 years. The study found that both boys and girls who were inattentive at age 6 had lower earnings in their 30s after taking into consideration their IQ and family adversity.

Social Sciences - Environment - 01.08.2019
Children don’t like nature as much as adults-but preferences change with age
Imagine staring at a lake backed by snow-capped mountains, walking through a secluded forest or listening to birds sing. Now imagine a busy downtown, with skyscrapers soaring up above the rush of trains and cars. Odds are you prefer the natural scenes-following a trend among adults confirmed by numerous studies.

Social Sciences - Career - 29.07.2019
The plus of ethnic enclaves and neighborhoods
A new study from the Stanford Immigration Policy Lab found that new refugees were more likely to find work within their first five years if officials assigned them to an area with a larger community of people who share their nationality, ethnicity or language. Ethnic enclaves are often viewed as a negative for the integration of immigrants with natives in their new country.

Social Sciences - 25.07.2019
Decades after a grade-school program to promote social development, adults report healthier, more successful lives
Decades after a grade-school program to promote social development, adults report healthier, more successful lives
What defines a "good life" in your 30s? The exact answer probably depends on the person, but most people could agree on some general themes: good physical and mental health, solid relationships, and a steady job or good education. Being financially responsible and involvement in your community or civic life also help make life better.

Social Sciences - Environment - 23.07.2019
What motivates people to join - and stick with - citizen science projects?
What motivates people to join - and stick with - citizen science projects?
From searching for extraterrestrial life to tracking rainfall, non-experts are increasingly helping to gather information to answer scientific questions. One of the most established hands-on, outdoor citizen science projects is the University of Washington-based Coastal Observation and Seabird Survey Team , COASST, which trains beachgoers along the West Coast, from California to Alaska, to monitor their local beach for dead birds.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 23.07.2019
Scientists studied the brains of more than 800 prisoners. Here’s what they found
The brains of murderers look different from those of people convicted of other crimes-differences that could be linked to how they process empathy and morality. Examining brain scans of more than 800 incarcerated men, new research co-authored by a leading University of Chicago neuroscientist found that individuals who had committed or attempted homicide had reduced gray matter when compared to those involved in other offenses.

Social Sciences - 22.07.2019
LGB disadvantage in health and wellbeing an early starter
LGB disadvantage in health and wellbeing an early starter
Australian lesbian, gay, bisexual and questioning (LGBQ) adolescents are worse off than their heterosexual peers across health and wellbeing outcomes, according to a University of Queensland study. Dr Francisco Perales from UQ's ISSR Life Course Centre said the findings draw attention to the deep disadvantage experienced by LGBQ youth in Australia.

Social Sciences - 19.07.2019
Left wing radicalism linked to sympathy for violent extremism
The more strongly someone agrees with the ideas of revolutionary left-wing groups, the more likely they are to sympathise with violent extremism, finds a first of-its-kind study. The new report , by academics at the University of Bristol, Goldsmiths and King's College London, used an innovative survey to measure sympathy for violent extremism and alignment with values similar to those promoted by revolutionary left-wing groups.

Health - Social Sciences - 01.07.2019
Medicaid’s shift from nursing facilities to home settings may not benefit patients
New research from University of Chicago scholars provides compelling evidence that Medicaid's push to shift long-term care from nursing homes and other medical institutions to home and community-based services may be detrimental to patients, particularly those from racial and ethnic groups and sicker patients.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 28.06.2019
What can Wikipedia tell us about human interaction?
What can Wikipedia tell us about human interaction?
EPFL researchers have studied the dynamics of network structures using one of the world's most-visited websites: Wikipedia. In addition to a better understanding of online networks, their work brings exciting insights into human social behavior and collective memory. Have you ever visited a Wikipedia page to answer a question, only to find yourself clicking from page to page, until you end up on a topic wildly different from the one you started with?