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Results 141 - 160 of 191.


Social Sciences - 04.06.2019
How early-life challenges affect how children focus, face the day
Adversity early in life tends to affect a child's executive function skills ' their ability to focus, for example, or organize tasks. Experiences such as poverty, residential instability, or parental divorce or substance abuse, also can lead to changes in a child's brain chemistry, muting the effects of stress hormones.

Social Sciences - 03.06.2019
Lack of support for vulnerable adults in police custody
Vulnerable adults in police custody face a postcode lottery on whether they are given the right support, an academic says. Dr Roxanna Dehaghani, of Cardiff University, spent six months observing procedures in police custody, which forms the basis of her book, Vulnerability in police custody: police decision-making and the appropriate adult safeguard.

Social Sciences - Politics - 29.05.2019
Tackling hate speech on social media in the Asia-Pacific
Facebook has joined forces with Australian university experts to devise policy that better manages online harmful content and hate speech in the Asia-Pacific region. Professor Katharine Gelber , Head of School for The University of Queensland's Political Science and International Studies , will join colleague Dr Kirril Shields and University of Sydney researchers Dr Aim Sinpeng and Dr Fiona Martin on the 12 month project.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 23.05.2019
German Research Foundation Extends Funding for Two Collaborative Research Centers at Freie Universität Berlin
Researchers study the dynamics of living together and the scaffolding of membranes No 146/2019 from May 23, 2019 The German Research Foundation (DFG) has extended the funding for two Collaborative Research Centers (CRC) at Freie Universität. One is CRC 958, where scientists study the molecular mechanisms by which dynamically organized protein-protein assemblies scaffold cellular membranes.

Health - Social Sciences - 22.05.2019
Poor semen quality in Switzerland
Poor semen quality in Switzerland
Researchers at UNIGE have carried out the first nationwide study on semen quality of young Swiss men. And their verdict? Only 38% of men have semen parameter values above the norms set by World Health Organization for fertile men. Over the last fifty years, a marked decrease in sperm count has been observed in the Western World.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 21.05.2019
A refugee's personality is a factor that decides how successful integration is
A refugee’s personality is a factor that decides how successful integration is
Refugees who are more willing to take risks, who tend to reciprocate friendliness, and who are more strongly convinced than others are that they are in control of their lives integrate into society faster. This is the result of a study undertaken on the basis of the "IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany" which researchers from the University of Münster, Saarland University and the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) at the German Institute of Economic Research (DIW) devised.

Social Sciences - 16.05.2019
Prison time has little or no bearing on long-term public safety
Imprisonment has virtually no effect on violent crime rates, new study finds. (Cartoon by J.D. Crowe/Press Register) Locking away people who have committed assault, robbery and similar felonies may keep them off the streets for a period of time, but it does not affect whether they will commit violent crimes after their release, according to new research from UC Berkeley.

Social Sciences - 15.05.2019
In political messages, values matter more than policy
Stanford sociologists find that when progressive candidates talk about how their policies are aligned with values commonly associated with conservative ideals - as opposed to liberal ones - they receive greater support from conservatives and moderates. When political candidates talk about progressive economic policies in language consistent with traditionally conservative values - such as patriotism, the American dream, family and respect for tradition - they gain support among conservative and moderate Americans, according to a new Stanford study.

Social Sciences - 03.05.2019
Personal stories of mental illness can help others on the road to recovery
Inspirational stories of how people have overcome their struggles with mental illness can help others on the road to recovery, a study by researchers at The University of Nottingham has found. However, first-hand accounts that include specific details of harmful behaviour may have a negative impact on some groups, including those battling an eating disorder.

Social Sciences - Environment - 02.05.2019
The Quiet Loss of Knowledge Threatens Indigenous Communities
The Quiet Loss of Knowledge Threatens Indigenous Communities
Most of the knowledge that indigenous communities in South America have about plants is not written down. Now, ecologists have analyzed comprehensive information about the services provided by palm trees from multiple regions and made it accessible via a network approach. What they also discovered in the process was that the simultaneous loss of biodiversity and knowledge represents a key threat to the survival of indigenous peoples.

Politics - Social Sciences - 02.05.2019
Immigrants: citizens' acceptance depends on questions asked
Immigrants: citizens’ acceptance depends on questions asked
The number of immigrants the Swiss are willing to take in on an annual basis depends greatly on the quantified proposal (i.e. high or low) put forward to them - as recently revealed by a team of UNIGE researchers.

Social Sciences - 01.05.2019
US public support for undocumented immigrants seeking citizenship stronger if pathway includes military service, UW research shows
Americans appear more willing to support a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants if that path includes serving in the United States military, according to new research from political scientists at the University of Washington. The positive effects of military service on public opinion are strongest among Republicans and conservatives often viewed as opposed to immigration reforms seeking to expand access to citizenship.

Social Sciences - 29.04.2019
New Provenance Research Project on National Socialist Period
Art collection of a Jewish manufacturer being studied at Freie Universität Berlin No 113/2019 from Apr 29, 2019 The German Lost Art Foundation has approved a new research project at Freie Universität Berlin designed to reconstruct the art collection of the toy manufacturer, collector, and patron Abraham Adelsberger (1863-1940).

Social Sciences - 29.04.2019
Shows older men feel ‘excluded, overlooked and cut-off’
29 April 2019 With increasing numbers of older men experiencing loneliness, a new report published today [29 APRIL] calls for a better understanding of how to tackle the growing public health challenge. A two-year study, led by the University of Bristol in collaboration with Age UK , highlights the issues faced by older men, many of whom describe feeling socially excluded, overlooked, cut-off and feeling 'left out of things' - all of which have a range of negative impacts on day-to-day life.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 26.04.2019
Another victim of violence: trust in those who mean no harm
Exposure to violence does not change the ability to learn who is likely to do harm, but it does damage the ability to place trust in "good people," psychologists at Yale and University of Oxford report April 26 Communications. More than 80% of youth in urban areas experienced violence in their communities in the last year, and those experiences have a profound effect on their health, the researchers say.

Social Sciences - 25.04.2019
School choice does not achieve social mix across schools
A new study has found that school choice is associated with higher levels of segregation among school children from different socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds. Research by the University of Bristol and Cardiff University, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, shows that far from encouraging integration and equal opportunity, choice-based systems are associated with higher levels of pupil segregation; potentially leading to schools that are more homogenous in their social composition.

Social Sciences - 25.04.2019
School choice does not achieve social mix across schools
A new study has found that school choice is associated with higher levels of segregation among school children from different socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds. Research by Cardiff University and the University of Bristol, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, shows that far from encouraging integration and equal opportunity, choice-based systems are associated with higher levels of pupil segregation; potentially leading to schools that are more homogenous in their social composition.

Social Sciences - 22.04.2019
A New Way To Learn About Learning
Aliens, video games and brain patterns provide insights into adult learning As a baby listens to her parents talk, her brain somehow sorts the sounds into specific sound categories. This happens even though mom and dad say the word "hello," slightly differently because of accents or pitch. Despite those subtle differences, a baby's brain absorbs the sounds and classifies them as equivalent.

Social Sciences - 09.04.2019
Neighbourhoods a key to views on immigration
Neighbourhoods a key to views on immigration
Australians' willingness to accept immigrants and asylum seekers is heavily influenced by the neighbourhoods they live in, a University of Queensland researcher has found. Social scientist Dr Timothy Gravelle analysed the effects of changing immigrant concentration in neighbourhoods and attitudes toward immigration and asylum policy.

Health - Social Sciences - 08.04.2019
How societal attitudes, political rhetoric affect immigrants' health
How societal attitudes, political rhetoric affect immigrants’ health
Health is more than the genes we inherit from our parents, the food we eat or the exercise we sweat through at the gym. So-called "social determinants" - our support networks, our access to health care, housing and a stable income, even our surroundings - affect our physical and mental health, too. For immigrants to the United States, the current political climate, and debates over issues such as a border wall, become part of the environment that influences health, argues Jane Lee , an assistant professor of social work at the University of Washington.