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Results 161 - 180 of 191.


Social Sciences - Health - 08.04.2019
Bristol families continue to give the world unique health information
Bristol families continue to give the world unique health information
Bristol's world-renowned Children of the 90s generational health study reached a landmark this week with a first look at new mums and their children in its 2000th published paper. Children of the 90s has been collecting health data from families since the early 1990s, including for the last six years, recruiting the next generation - the Children of the Children of the 90s (COCO90s).

Social Sciences - Psychology - 04.04.2019
Care home study will assess if exercising while seated improves the health of frail older adults
Volunteer residents at a care home are taking part in a new University of Birmingham study aimed at assessing whether exercising while seated can improve the health and well-being of frail older adults. The study, called Keeping Active in Residential Elderly (KARE), is being conducted by the Physical Activity and Nutritional INfluences In ageing (PANINI) project research group at the University of Birmingham.

Social Sciences - Environment - 29.03.2019
The effects of climate change on suicide rates
In warmer temperatures suicide rates increase, leading to concerns about an uptick in suicides as the globe continues to warm. But researchers offer some hope if greenhouse gases get under control. As global temperatures rise, climate change's impacts on mental health are becoming increasingly evident.

Social Sciences - Innovation - 29.03.2019
Why a 1925 book is still relevant to urban sociology
Faculty to discuss The City , an influential text UChicago Press will republish in April The city is not just its skyscrapers and sidewalks, its roads, or houses or people. The city is "a state of mind"-a result of the interactions between institutions and those who inhabit them. That was part of the argument Robert E. Park laid out nearly a century ago, when he co-authored The City with fellow University of Chicago sociologist Ernest W. Burgess.

Social Sciences - 28.03.2019
School summer holiday experiences may be putting poorer children’s mental health at risk
The mental health and wellbeing of children from poorer families may be at greater risk in part due to less positive school summer holiday experiences, new research has revealed. The study, led by researchers from Cardiff University, is the first to examine how young peoples' experiences during the long summer holiday might explain socioeconomic differences in mental health and wellbeing upon return to school.

Social Sciences - 27.03.2019
Divorce’s effect on children’s educational achievement is not a constant
UCLA-led study finds that when parents are statistically unlikely to split, a divorce causes more disruption for kids Jessica Wolf Conventional wisdom holds that when parents divorce, their children's educational success can be derailed. But research led by UCLA sociology professor Jennie Brand suggests that divorce's effect on a child's education varies widely depending on several factors, especially the family's socioeconomic status.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.03.2019
Links breastfeeding with lower risk of heart disease
Mothers who breastfeed their babies have a lower risk of developing or dying from heart disease than those who don't breastfeed, finds new research from the University of Sydney. Published in Journal of the American Heart Association , the study of over 100,000 Australian mothers participating in the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study found women who breastfed had a 14 percent lower risk of developing, and 34 percent lower risk of dying from, cardiovascular disease.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.03.2019
Bristol provides first long-term look at predictors of suicide attempts
Bristol provides first long-term look at predictors of suicide attempts
Academics at the University of Bristol have taken the first long-term look at potential factors that could lead to suicide attempts in high-risk young people. Published in The Lancet Psychiatry today (Thursday 14 March) researchers examined questionnaire data from 16 and 21 year olds who are part of Bristol's Children of the 90s study, concentrating on those who'd thought about suicide.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 14.03.2019
Thanking and Apologizing: Talk That Isn’t Cheap
We place a high value on teaching children to say "thank you" and "I'm sorry." As adults, these simple words are central to many social interactions.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.03.2019
Teen suicide risk greatest in developing countries: study
Adolescents in developing countries are more likely to make suicide attempts or have suicidal thoughts than those living in high-income countries, a University of Queensland-led study has found. UQ School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences researcher, Associate Professor Asad Khan , said suicide-related issues had become a major public health challenge in low and middle income countries, particularly in Africa and the Western Pacific.

Economics / Business - Social Sciences - 13.03.2019
Special effects: How a movie could reduce corruption
Special effects: How a movie could reduce corruption
A film and texting campaign can increase anticorruption reports from citizens, study shows. They don't give an Academy Award for this, but a Nigerian feature film, "Water of Gold," made viewers significantly more likely to report corruption, according to a new paper co-authored by an MIT researcher.

Social Sciences - 13.03.2019
Using laughter as their guide, five-month-olds can distinguish friends from strangers
Using laughter as their guide, five-month-olds can distinguish friends from strangers
UCLA-NYU study reveals that even infants can judge the closeness of people's relationships from vocal signals Jessica Wolf Even before we can speak, humans can glean useful information from the sound of laughter. A study by UCLA and New York University researchers found that infants as young as five months can differentiate laughter between friends and laughter between strangers.

Campus - Social Sciences - 12.03.2019
The nearer the friends, the stronger the regional identity
The nearer the friends, the stronger the regional identity
Psychologists study the effects of mobility on young adults A new job, an academic career or a romantic relationship - there are many reasons for young people to move. But this does not necessarily lead to happiness. Satisfaction increases when people can identify with the region in which they live.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.03.2019
New evidence proves the work of UN agencies is effective
Academics led by Professor Lucie Cluver at Oxford University have shown how key services in lower and middle-income countries can contribute to multiple sustainable development goals (SDGs), even for the highest-risk children and adolescents. The study, led by Oxford University in collaboration with the universities of Cape Town and Witwatersrand, University College London and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), is the first to test the UN's concept of 'accelerators': provisions that can improve the lives of vulnerable populations in not only one SDG area, but many.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.03.2019
Domestic violence against women: giving friends and relatives the keys to help
Today [Friday 8 March] International Women's Day [IWD 2019] is celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women but worldwide, domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is still experienced by almost one in three women. It has become a major public health issue, with profound physical and mental health impact.

Social Sciences - 04.03.2019
Better To Include Your Better Half in Social Posts
If you're in a relationship and like to share details about your life on social media, do yourself a favor and include your partner. It will probably help your personal life. That's the takeaway from a series of five studies conducted by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Kansas.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 19.02.2019
UCLA faculty voice: Adolescents have a fundamental need to contribute
Andrew Fuligni is a professor of psychiatry and psychology at UCLA. This article appeared in The Conversation. No longer children but not yet adults, adolescents need opportunities to learn and prepare for their entrance into the broader society. But, as schooling increasingly extends the adolescent period and teenagers get dismissed as supposedly selfish and irresponsible, has society forgotten an important developmental need of our youth?

Social Sciences - Psychology - 15.02.2019
Live better with attainable goals
Live better with attainable goals
Those who set realistic goals can hope for a higher level of well-being. The key for later satisfaction is whether the life goals are seen as attainable and what they mean to the person, as psychologists from the University of Basel report in a study with over 970 participants. Wealth, community, health, meaningful work: life goals express a person's character, as they determine behavior and the compass by which people are guided.

Social Sciences - 13.02.2019
Violent video games found not to be associated with adolescent aggression
Researchers at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, have found no relationship between aggressive behaviour in teenagers and the amount of time spent playing violent video games. The study used nationally representative data from British teens and their parents alongside official E.U. and US ratings of game violence.

Social Sciences - 12.02.2019
Why Does Bribery Work?
Study investigates when and why bribes buy influence, and what lessens their effectiveness A new study from Carnegie Mellon University suggests that greed, and not the willingness to return the favor, is the main reason people give in to bribery. But the research also finds there are times when the almighty buck can be ignored and effects of a bribe can be lessened.