News 2019


Social Sciences

Results 41 - 60 of 190.

Social Sciences - 09.11.2019
Looked for links between teenage anxiety and later harmful drinking
The study, published today (Monday 11 November) in Drug and Alcohol Dependence at the start of Alcohol Awareness Week (11 - 17 November) strengthens the evidence for a relationship between anxiety and later alcohol use as the researchers accounted for other factors such as adolescent smoking and cannabis use, and parental anxiety and alcohol use.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 08.11.2019
Finds Brains of Girls and Boys Are Similar, Producing Equal Math Ability
New research at Carnegie Mellon University indicates that there is no gender disparity in how children learn and perform math skills In 1992, Teen Talk Barbie was released with the controversial voice fragment, "Math class is hard." While the toy's release met with public backlash, this underlying assumption persists, propagating the myth that women do not thrive in science, technology, engineering and mathematic (STEM) fields due to biological deficiencies in math aptitude.

Social Sciences - 07.11.2019
Fake news, hate speech on social media impacting Myanmar’s youth
A report led by the University of Sydney and Save the Children, launched in London, shows social media may be undermining democracy, revealing the extent to which youth are vulnerable to abuse, hate speech and fake news. The unprecedented and rapid explosion in social media use in Myanmar has left many young people - particularly girls, and those from ethnic and religious minority groups - especially vulnerable to online sexual harassment and the negative impacts of fake news and hate speech, a report by the University of Sydney and Save the Children shows.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 06.11.2019
How your speech could impact your salary
Most Americans are aware that English sounds different throughout the country, and that those regional differences can contribute to widely held stereotypes. But a leading University of Chicago economist has uncovered how speech patterns also strongly affect a person's wages, particularly for African Americans.

Social Sciences - 06.11.2019
It’s only funny.. if we say it
Jokes targeting certain groups of people are better received when the joke teller is part of the group being mocked, research from The University of Queensland has found. Dr Michael Thai from UQ's School of Psychology examined whether people's reactions to disparaging jokes changed based on who was telling the joke.

Social Sciences - 04.11.2019
Youth mental health: right level of care needed, first time
Sydney researchers detail a youth mental health model - the result of years of work from the Brain and Mind Centre - based on their findings that the common 'stepped care' approach may be too little, too late. A model of care emphasising early access to assessment for young people needing mental health care, and the ongoing provision of stage-appropriate and effective, multidisciplinary interventions, has been proposed by a group of researchers from the University of Sydney's Brain and Mind Centre.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 01.11.2019
Gannets learn to hunt by following their elders
Gannets, the largest seabirds in the North Atlantic, can travel hundreds of miles from their homes just to catch food for their chicks. However, with around a million square miles of ocean to choose from, it has always been a mystery how they decide where is best to search for fish. Now, new research led by the University of Glasgow and published today in the Journal of Avian Biology, offers new insights into why these iconic shaped seabirds choose to hunt the way they do.

Social Sciences - Politics - 31.10.2019
Hindu kids more apt to echo propaganda that ’Indian equals Hindu’
Muslim and Hindu students at Zenith School in Vadodara in India. (Photo courtesy of Mahesh Srinivasan) With a multi-faith population of some 1.3 billion, India claims to be the world's largest secular democracy. But when it comes to the question of who is a true Indian, the country's Hindu children are more likely than their Muslim peers to connect their faith to their national identity, according to new research from UC Berkeley.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 29.10.2019
Faith, Truth and Forgiveness: How Your Brain Processes Abstract Thoughts
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have leveraged machine learning to interpret human brain scans, allowing the team to uncover the regions of the brain behind how abstract concepts, like justice, ethics and consciousness, form. The results of this study are available online in the October 29 issue of Cerebral Cortex.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 29.10.2019
Kids, not gender, the biggest influence on work/care policy attitudes
Young dads consider paid parental leave and childcare to be as important to their future success at work as mothers. And it's the same trend in attitudes to shared household work, according to new research. However, young men without children are least likely to consider supportive work and care policies and shared domestic work at home as important to their future.

Social Sciences - 28.10.2019
Teen marijuana use may have next-generation effects
Teen marijuana use may have next-generation effects
Substance use at any age has consequences. Studies frequently cite the negative impacts - and occasionally tout some benefits of limited consumption - of alcohol and marijuana. What is less known is how patterns of alcohol or marijuana use in one phase of life can affect the next generation, even long after an individual has stopped using.

Social Sciences - 24.10.2019
Brexit vote linked to rise in discrimination and anxiety among migrants
The social climate in the UK following the European Union (EU) referendum has had a detrimental impact on migrants' mental health, according to a new study led by UCL. The study, published today in theá American Psychological Association'sá Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psycholog y, suggests that the result of the 2016 Brexit referendum has contributed to a rise in discrimination and anxiety amongst migrants living in the UK.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 24.10.2019
Poverty, not trauma, affects cognitive function in refugee youth
Poverty, not trauma, affects cognitive function in refugee youth
Poverty, not war-related trauma, drives cognitive deficits in young people displaced by conflict, according to a new Yale-led study of adolescents affected by the crisis in Syria. The study, published in the journal Child Development, is the first to test executive function - a set of higher-order cognitive skills required for abstract thinking, decision making, and executing complex plans - in displaced Syrian youth and their Jordanian peers.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 21.10.2019
Microaggressions, HIV, and black women in Miami
Sannisha Dale, an assistant professor of psychology, is launching a unique study called Project MMAGIC to gain a better understanding of how daily microaggressions affect the health of black women living with HIV. Photo: Barry Williams/University of Miami Sannisha Dale, an assistant professor of psychology, is launching a unique study called Project MMAGIC to gain a better understanding of how daily microaggressions affect the health of black women living with HIV.

Social Sciences - 15.10.2019
Deaf infants more attuned to parent's visual cues
Deaf infants more attuned to parent’s visual cues
Eye gaze helps infants communicate. Through everyday interactions, eye gaze establishes a social connection between parent and child and is linked to early word learning. But can learning experiences before a baby's first birthday prompt babies to pay more attention to their parent's eye gaze? To test this, a research team led by the University of Washington's Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) sought out Deaf infants raised by Deaf parents - families who primarily use visual language and visual cues.

Social Sciences - 15.10.2019
Lowest-paid workers have longest retirements
The lowest-paid workers in the UK have three more years of retirement on average compared to their professional counterparts, but are more likely to suffer ill health after stopping work, a new UCL-led study suggests. The study, published today in The Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health , examined the length of time between stopping work and dying among people in England and Wales born before 1951.

Social Sciences - 15.10.2019
New links between food access and risk of malnutrition for older people
New research has highlighted that food insecurity - a measure of the availability of food and individuals' ability to access it - is putting older people in Scotland at risk of becoming underweight and malnourished. The ongoing study from the University of Glasgow and the Scottish charity Food Train is focused on the current issues facing older adults and food access.

Social Sciences - 15.10.2019
High numbers of young people experimenting with gambling
Two fifths (41%) of young people aged 11 to 16 report having engaged in gambling in the past year, a study shows. The analysis from Cardiff University academics, the largest of its kind in the UK, reveals fruit machines at an arcade, pub or club were the most popular form of gambling, followed by playing cards for money with friends and purchasing scratch cards.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 15.10.2019
Increase in online hate speech leads to more crimes against minorities
An increase in hate speech on social media leads to more crimes against minorities in the physical world, a study shows. Academics from Cardiff University's HateLab project collected Twitter and police recorded crime data from London over an eight-month period to analyse whether a significant association existed.

Social Sciences - 15.10.2019
CMU, AAU Report Findings from Sexual Assault, Misconduct Survey
Results from the Association of American Universities' (AAU) Campus Climate Survey on Sexual Assault and Misconduct, a study of 33 universities including Carnegie Mellon University, have been published on CMU's Office of Title IX Initiatives' website. The results include the aggregate report of all participating institutions, a CMU specific report, and a comparison summary compiled by CMU's Office of Institutional Research and Analysis.